MarMoussa

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MarMoussa
مار موسى
City
Map showing the location of MarMoussa within Lebanon
Map showing the location of MarMoussa within Lebanon
MarMoussa
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°54′00″N 35°41′06″E / 33.90°N 35.685°E / 33.90; 35.685Coordinates: 33°54′00″N 35°41′06″E / 33.90°N 35.685°E / 33.90; 35.685
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Mount Lebanon Governorate
District Matn District
Highest elevation 1,150 m (3,770 ft)
Lowest elevation 900 m (3,000 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961

MarMoussa (Arabic: مار موسى‎‎, also spelled Mar-Moussa) is a town in Lebanon located in the Matn District of Mount Lebanon Governorate. It is 25 km from Beirut at an altitude ranging between 900 to 1150 meters above sea level.

History[edit]

In 1753, a group of Lebanese monks built the monastery of Mar Moussa Al-Habshi over the remains of an old Roman sanctuary. In later years, migrant families from Jbail, Chbaniyé, and Bikfaya settled in the area, where they were employed to cultivate the monastery’s lands. Gradually, the community grew into the village called Mar Moussa Ed-Douar. With government financial assistance in the 1950s, the resident farmers succeeded in obtaining ownership of the land and began expanding the village. Since then, many villas and houses have been built in the surrounding area, which is full of pine trees. The village’s most prominent landmarks are the monastery and the windmill.

Demography[edit]

The inhabitants of MarMoussa are followers of the Maronite Catholic Church.[citation needed]

Religious structures[edit]

Like most mountain villages in Lebanon, MarMoussa is home to a historic Maronite monastery: Deir Mar Moussa (Saint Moussa Monastery). Built in 1753, Deir Mar Moussa Al-Habshi is constructed of white stones and consists of several long buildings with bricks on top, surrounded by trees. It was built over the remains of an old sanctuary. In the monastery there is a small church dedicated to St. Charbel and shrines for St. Rafqa (a Maronite Lebanese nun beatified in 1985 and canonized in 2001) and Na’amatallah Al-Hardini (a Lebanese monk who was declared venerable in 1989 and beatified in 1998). The courtyard of Deir Mar Moussa overlooks terraces and the pine mountains of Bzebdine, as well as Mount Kneysseh.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Nassib Sleiman Sakr: (1907-1982): Mayor 1931-1962.
  • Nassib Youssef Sakr: (1930s-1985): Founder and President of the Municipality of Mar-Moussa in 1965
  • Msgnr Augustin Chayban: Preacher, Educator and Founder of Maronite schools and churches in Dakar, Africa.
  • Sgt. Joseph C. Hajj: (1976-2000): Lebanese Army martyr (events of the Donieh). He was a Sergeant in the Lebanese Commando Elite Navy unit; died while serving his country in a counter terrorist strikes against insurgents in North Lebanon.

External links[edit]