Mar Lodge is a sporting lodge five miles to the west of Braemar and the principal building on the Mar Lodge Estate in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. It was built in 1895, replacing an earlier building, by Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife.
Mar Lodge is a sporting lodge built for the use of the Duke and Duchess of Fife. It is located about 4 miles to the west of Braemar and is accessed from the Linn of Dee road, over the Victoria Bridge, a lattice girder structure built across the River Dee in 1905.
There have been three buildings known as Mar Lodge. The first, originally known as Dalmore House, was built in the 18th century by William Duff, Baron Braco, close to the site of the present Lodge. Lord Braco had acquired the Dalmore estate some time between 1730 and 1737, and by the end of the 18th century the Duff family also owned the lands of Allanaquoich, Auchindryne and Inverey The building was damaged in the "Muckle Spate" ("great flood") of 1829, and later demolished.
The 2nd Mar Lodge, colloquially known as Corriemulzie Cottage or 'New' Mar Lodge, was built near Linn of Corriemulzie at the top of Mar Lodge Brae. It was a very 'Victorian' building with architectural detailing such as prominent use of lattice work (still visible on the 'Stag Ballroom') and tree-trunk supports (visible in the veranda of the old bar at the rear of Mar Lodge) being reused in the construction of the next Mar Lodge. It was destroyed by fire on the 14th of June 1895.
The present lodge
The 3rd Mar Lodge was built between 1895 and 1898 for the Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife and his wife Princess Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife. The foundation stone was laid by her grandmother Queen Victoria on 15 October 1895.
The architect was Alexander Marshall Mackenzie of Aberdeen (1848-1933) who, at the express request of the Duchess—H.R.H. Princess Louise, in the Elizabethan style of architecture.— Wyness, Fenton
The 3rd Mar Lodge was extensively damaged by a fire while being renovated in 1991, but was rebuilt. It was converted into holiday flats and retains many of the grand features of its heyday as a hunting lodge. The ballroom has a spectacular 2,435 red deer stags heads lining the walls and ceiling.
A ballroom was constructed for estate staff balls, required by the need for segregation between master and servant which dominated the period. Built near to the second Mar Lodge at Corriemulzie, it was moved to the present site in 1898. A large timber building in the estate red, it has distinctive lattice trellising, an original Victorian ventilation system and unusual cast iron bracers on stone plinths supporting the walls. Internally the building remains virtually in its original state and contains over 2,435 stag's skulls.
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St Ninian's Chapel
St Ninian's Chapel stands immediately adjacent to Mar Lodge and was originally the private chapel of the owners of Mar Lodge. The 1st Duke of Fife and his family are buried in the chapel.
- Wyness, Fenton (1968), Royal Valley : The Story Of The Aberdeenshire Dee, Alex P. Reid & Son, Aberdeen
- Dixon, P.J.; Green, S.T. (1995), Mar Lodge Estate Grampian : An Archaeological Survey, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, Edinburgh
- "Overview of Mar Lodge (Corriemulzie Cottage)". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- Dixon & Green
- "MAR LODGE ESTATE, MAR LODGE INCLUDING GARDEN WALL". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "A selection of the Cairngorms National Park’s architectural heritage" (PDF). Historic Scotland. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- "Mar Lodge, Braemar". Rampant Scotland. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- "History". Braemar Guide. Archived from the original on January 31, 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- "Mar Lodge Estate, The Ballroom". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 7 February 2009.[dead link]