Marasmiaceae

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Marasmiaceae
Marasmius rotula - Lindsey.jpg
Marasmius rotula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Marasmiaceae
Roze ex Kühner (1980)
Type genus
Marasmius
Fr. (1835)
Diversity
Over 50 genera, 1500+ species.
Synonyms[1]

Omphalotaceae Bresinsky 1985

The Marasmiaceae are a family of basidiomycete fungi which have white spores. They mostly have tough stems and the capability of shrivelling up during a dry period and later recovering. The widely consumed edible fungus Lentinula edodes, the shiitake mushroom, is a member of this family. According to a 2008 estimate, the family contains 54 genera and 1590 species.[2]

The family Omphalotaceae, described by A. Bresinsky in 1985[3] as a segregate from the Tricholomataceae, has been considered synonymous with Marasmiaceae.[1] However DNA analysis by Moncalvo et al. in 2002 and Matheny et al. in 2006 have now led to that family being accepted by Species Fungorum and most recent references. The following genera are included in that family : Anthracophyllum, Gymnopus, Lentinula, Marasmiellus, Mycetinis, Rhodocollybia, Omphalotus.[4][5][6][7]

Genera[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kirk et al. 2008, p. 481
  2. ^ Kirk et al. 2008, p. 401
  3. ^ Kämmerer, A.; Besl, H.; Bresinsky, A. (1985). "Omphalotaceae fam. nov. und Paxillaceae, ein chemotaxonomischer Vergleich zwier Pilzfamilien der Boletales". Pl. Syst. Evol. 150 (1–2): 101–117. doi:10.1007/BF00985571. 
  4. ^ Moncalvo JM1, Vilgalys R, Redhead SA, Johnson JE, James TY, Catherine Aime M, Hofstetter V, Verduin SJ, Larsson E, Baroni TJ, Greg Thorn R, Jacobsson S, Clémençon H, Miller OK Jr. (2002). "One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 23 (3): 357–400. Retrieved 2018-06-11. 
  5. ^ Matheny PB1, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, Ge ZW, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ, Bougher NL, Hughes KW, Lodge DJ, Kerrigan RW, Seidl MT, Aanen DK, DeNitis M, Daniele GM, Desjardin DE, Kropp BR, Norvell LL, Parker A, Vellinga EC, Vilgalys R, Hibbett DS (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview". Mycologia. 98 (6): 982–995. PMID 17486974. 
  6. ^ Antonín, V.; Noordeloos, M. E. (2010). A monograph of marasmioid and collybioid fungi in Europe. Postfach 1119, 83471 Berchtesgaden, Germany: IHW Verlag. pp. 395–396. ISBN 978-3-930167-72-2. 
  7. ^ For example, see the Species Fungorum page for genus Mycetinis: "Mycetinis page". Species Fungorum. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. Retrieved 2017-05-23. 
  • Kirk, P.M.; Cannon, P.F.; Minter, D.W,; Stalpers, J.A. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  • Media related to Marasmiaceae at Wikimedia Commons