Mycetinis alliaceus

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Mycetinis alliaceus
Marasmius alliaceus 20070928wb.JPG
M. alliaceus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Omphalotaceae
Genus: Mycetinis
Species:
M. alliaceus
Binomial name
Mycetinis alliaceus
(Jacq.) Earle ex A.W. Wilson & Desjardin (2005)
Synonyms

Marasmius alliaceus (Jacq.) Fr. (1838)

Mycetinis alliaceus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnate
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible

Mycetinis alliaceus (syn. Marasmius alliaceus), commonly known as the garlic parachute, is one of the larger mushrooms formerly in the genus Marasmius, having a beige cap of up to 4 cm and a long tough slender stipe. It emanates a strong smell of garlic, and this is the significance of the Latin species name, alliaceus. It is distributed throughout Europe, being fairly common in some areas and quite rare in others.[1][2]

Description[edit]

The species can be described as follows:[1][3][4]

  • The cap is beige, ochre or flesh-coloured and is 2–4 cm in diameter, sometimes wrinkled, somewhat domed in the middle.
  • The gills are whitish and narrowly attached to the stem.
  • The spore powder is white.
  • The tough dark-coloured stem can be 15 cm tall but is only up to 3 mm in diameter.
  • The stem is velvety (pruinose) and black below, though it may be brown near the top.

The strong taste and smell of garlic is a product of the separation of γ-glutamyl-marismin.[4] This mushroom is found in European woods (especially beech woods) from early summer to autumn, growing on fallen leaves and rotting wood.

Related species and naming[edit]

This species was originally documented by Nikolaus Joseph Freiherr von Jacquin in 1773 and subsequently it was long known as Marasmius alliaceus, a designation established by Elias Magnus Fries. It gave its name to the section Alliacei of genus Marasmius until following a 2005 paper it was decided to separate this group off into genus Mycetinis (see that page for more details).[5][2] The most likely species to be confused is the fairly common Mycetinis scorodonius, which is distinguished by a bare shiny red-brown stem. Mycetinis querceus (illegitimate synonym: M. prasiosmus) has a velvety stem like M. alliaceus, but the colour is purple-brown.[1][6]

Related garlic-smelling species also occur in America; examples are Marasmius perlongispermus and Mycetinis copelandii.[7]

Edibility[edit]

The cap of M. alliaceus is edible, but of limited culinary value due to its meagre flesh. It can be added to dishes to give a garlic flavour, which could be useful for people who are allergic to real garlic.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Régis Courtecuisse, Bernard Duhem : Guide des champignons de France et d'Europe (Delachaux & Niestlé, 1994-2000), also available in English. ISBN 2-603-00953-2
  2. ^ a b "Mycetinis alliaceus page". Species Fungorum. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. Retrieved 2018-10-09.
  3. ^ Marcel Bon: The Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and North-Western Europe Hodder & Stoughton ISBN 0-340-39935-X.
  4. ^ a b Meinhard Moser, translated by Simon Plant: Keys to Agarics and Boleti (Roger Phillips 1983) ISBN 0-9508486-0-3
  5. ^ Antonín, V.; Noordeloos, M. E. (2010). A monograph of marasmioid and collybioid fungi in Europe. Postfach 1119, 83471 Berchtesgaden, Germany: IHW Verlag. pp. 395–400. ISBN 978-3-930167-72-2.
  6. ^ a b See entry in Mycorance site.
  7. ^ See Marasmius perlongispermus page from species list of "Macrofungi of Costa Rica" site by Roy E. Halling and Gregory M. Mueller.