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The Maratha–Mysore War was a conflict in the 18th century India, between the Maratha Empire and the Kingdom of Mysore. Begun in February 1785, it ended with the signing of the treaty of Gajendragad in April 1787. In the aftermath of the Second Anglo-Mysore War (1780-1784), Mysorean ruler Tipu Sultan sought to forestall offensive moves by the Marathas, who had established a military alliance with the Nizam of Hyderabad to recover territories both had lost to Mysore in previous conflicts. Much of the desired territory was subject to marches, countermarches, and sieges of fortified points. The Marathas also attempted to draw the British East India Company into the pending conflict, but a neutrality policy implemented by the new governor-general, Lord Charles Cornwallis made its participation impossible.
- Siege of Nargund, February 1785
- Siege of Badami, May 1786
- Siege of Adoni, June 1786
- Battle of Savanur, 10 October 1786
- Siege of Bahadur Benda, January 1787
In a series of exchanges, the peace agreement would solidify that Tipu would release Kalopant and return Adoni, Kittur, and Nargund to their previous rulers. Badami would be ceded to the Marathas. Tipu would pay an annual tribute of 12 lakhs per year to the Marathas. In return, Tipu would get all the places that they had captured in the war, including Gajendragarh and Dharwar. Tipu would also be addressed by the Marathas by an honorary title of "Nabob Tipu Sultan, Fateh Ali Khan." The peace agreement has been criticized as too easy on the Marathas, who had lost the war against the Kingdom of Mysore. Tipu Sultan, however, appeared much more concerned about the British than the Marathas and therefore sought to consolidate his resources for a campaign against the British.
- Duff, James Grant. A history of the Mahrattas, Volume 2
- Kumar, Raj. Essays on modern India
- Sen, Sailendra Nath. Anglo-Maratha relations, 1785-96
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