Maratha Kranti Morcha

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Maratha Kranti Morcha
Native name मराठा क्रांती मोर्चा
Location Worldwide
Also known as मराठा क्रांती (मूक) मोर्चा
Organised by Maratha Community

The Maratha community originally organised silent rallies across the state that turned violent in July with each district witnessing a huge number of participants. It was a silent protest against the rape and murder in Kopardi[1] (district Ahmednagar), the victim was a minor school girl. The incident took place on 13 July 2016 between 6.45 pm and 7.30 pm at village Kopardi, in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. The protesters demand death punishment to rapists as early as possible.

No political leader, no slogans and well maintained environment were notable features of the marches . Millions of people came together to protest, from all parts of Maharashtra, but no harm was done to any public or private property.

The demand for reservation was also a part of this protest. In Maharashtra Maratha community demands reservation in education and government services, most of farmers committed suicide belongs to Maratha caste, division of lands in small pieces makes critical condition. Infertility, drought hit continuously to Maratha. Due to lack of reservation, the unemployment becomes major problem. Some part of Maratha community known as Kunbi gets benefits of Other Backward Class category reservation; but most people are out of benefits. More than 95% of Maratha are socially and educationally backward. Their natural demand is reservation in education and employment. Maratha Kranti Morcha broke record of human crowd in silent march and continued to break records.The minorities like Muslim community also supported this Morcha.

Demands[edit]

Punishment to culprits in Kopardi rape and murder case, Reservation in education and government jobs, Implement recommendations of National Commission on Farmers chaired by Dr. M. S. Swaminathan and Amendment in Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 to stop its misuse.[2]

Role of social media[edit]

Social Media played a key role in the protest; various Facebook groups and pages were created to make this protest successful.[3] Many college students, graduates and IT professionals were actively managing the protest and providing information using social media.[4]

On 9 October 2016 the protest hit social media including Twitter and Facebook. Hashtag #MarathaKrantiMorcha was trending on Twitter[5]

Social[edit]

To counter the Maratha Kranti Morcha a consolidation of Other Backward Classes (OBC) and Dalits 10 splinter groups have forged an alliance and decided to organise silent morchas across Maharashtra with aim of defending their reservation quota and demand not to tampering with the reservation norms or any amendment to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989.[6]

Political[edit]

Judicial[edit]

  • On 7 October 2016, after 2 month 24 days to incident, the Ahmednagar Police had filed the charge sheet running into over 350 pages before the Ahmednagar session court in which the trio was charged under IPC sections 302 (murder), 376 (rape) and relevant sections of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.[8]
  • On 19 October 2016, after 3 month to incident, the trial in Kopardi rape and murder case begins in the Ahmednagar session court. The special public prosecutor & lawyer Ujjwal Nikam opened the case by describing the charges of criminal conspiracy for committing rape and murder against all the three accused.[9]
  • On 18 November 2017, after 1 year 4 months to incident, the Ahmednagar sessions court convicted the three men on charges of rape, murder and criminal conspiracy.[10]
  • On 29 November 2017, after 1 year 4 month to incident, the Ahmednagar sessions court awarded death sentence to three men to convicted for the brutal rape and murder.[11][12]

Silent protest[edit]

30 August 2016 – Beed[13]

21 September 2016 – Navi Mumbai[14][15]

23 September 2016 – Ahmednagar[16]

25 September 2016 – Pune[17][18]

25 September 2016 – Yavatmal[19]

25 September 2016 – Washim[20]

26 September 2016 – Saint Petersburg[21]

27 September 2016 – Sangli[22][23]

28 September 2016 – Dhule[24]

2 October 2016 – Hyderabad[25]

3 October 2016 – Dubai[26]

9 October 2016 – Tweet Morcha[27][5]

9 October 2016 – Daman district, India[28]

9 October 2016 – Badlapur[29][30]

15 October 2016 – Kolhapur[31]

16 October 2016 – Thane[32][33]

16 October 2016 – Chiplun[34]

16 October 2016(PST)- New York City[35]

19 October 2016 – Chandrapur[36]

19 October 2016 – Bidar, Karnataka[37]

9 August 2017 – Mumbai[38][39][40]

The Maratha Kranti Morcha take out its biggest silent protest in financial capital of India Mumbai on 9 August 2017. Around half millions powerful agrarian members of Maratha community from the different parts of the state gathered in Mumbai. The protest started from Jijamata Zoo Byculla and culminate at Azad Maidan in Mumbai. The schools and junior colleges about 450 institutes in South Mumbai remain shut. The Mumbai's famed Dabbawalas take the day off and participate in the morcha.[41]

During this last silent protest, the leaders from Maratha community also warned to move on to Violent Protest after two weeks in case the state authorities choose not to act on their demands.[42]

Gallery[edit]

Violence[edit]

January 2017[edit]

The road blockage agitations (Chakka Jam) were held on 31 January 2017 to gather momentum and mount pressure on the state government before the community’s silent rally scheduled in Mumbai on 6 March 2017. The idea of holding a road blockage agitations (Chakka Jaam) across the state was criticized in the appeal made though an advertisement that appeared on 30 January 2017. The advertisement said that holding road blockage agitations (Chakka Jaam) will only divert peaceful agitation and innocent youths will be taken on record for being part of this agitation that may get violent.[43]

31 January 2017 – Mumbai[44] & All Over Maharashtra[45]

  • Non-Fatal injuries : at least 3 citizens[46]
  • Arrests(s) : at least 27[47]

July 2018[edit]

On 23 July 2018 Maratha Kranti Morcha activist committed suicide; the protesters refuse to take body, and demands resignation of Devendra Fadnavis the Chief Minister (CM) of Maharashtra. Kakasaheb Shinde-Patil age 28 committed suicide by jumping into the Godavari river during agitation at village Kaygaon Toka in Gangapur taluka of Aurangabad District. The protester blame the district administration for not to deploy boats and lifeguards, despite being intimated in writing regarding agitation.[48]

On 24 July 2018 Maratha protests turned violent, the protesters attacked cops and torched buses, police vehicles and private cars.[49]

24 July 2018 – Maharashtra Bandh off[50]

25 July 2018 – Mumbai,[51] Navi Mumbai, Panvel, Thane, Kalyan, Palghar, Raigad Bandh off

  • Non-Fatal injuries : 2 Police[56]
  • Property damage : 160 Private cars in Navi Mumbai[57], 37 Public Transport buses in Mumbai[58], 2 Fire Brigade vehicles in Aurangabad[59], 16 vehicles torched 80 vehicle vandalised in Chakan, Pune[60][61][62][63][64][65] , 16 Buses in Solapur[66]

August 2018[edit]

The Maratha groups announced Maharashtra shutdown on August Kranti Day 2018 to intensify the agitation for reservations. The August Kranti Day is celebrated annually on 9 August. The Maratha launch non-cooperation movement with the Government of Maharashtra and the Government of India. The non-cooperation movement cover non-payment of taxes to government and local body until reservations are implemented.[67][68]

1,[69] 2,[70] 3[71] and 9 August 2018 – Mumbai & Maharashtra Bandh off[72][73] – August Kranti Day

Impact[edit]

After continuous growing protest in each city and millions of peoples participation in each Maratha Kranti Morcha, on 13 October 2016 the Government of Maharashtra took decision[74] and

  • Increased the upper limit of the Economically Backward Class (EBC) to Rs.6,00,000 and announced extension of monetary benefits under this category to students from all castes (Marathi). The students from the EBC category studying in all professional courses will be eligible for the benefits such as fee reimbursement under the Rajshri Shahu Maharaj Scheme (Marathi) (Marathi)(Marathi) (Marathi) (Marathi), which was named after the Maratha king Rajshri Shahu of Kolhapur who introduced reservation policy for the first time in his kingdom Kolhapur State.
  • Announced schemes for children of small land holding farmers under the Panjabrao Deshmukh Scheme (Marathi) (Marathi) (Marathi).

As the Bombay high court had stayed the 16% reservation granted to Marathas in jobs and education on grounds that the data used by the government was faulty. The Government of Maharashtra on 5 December 2016 filed a 2,800-page affidavit to justify the reservation for Marathas as legal and that it did not violate constitutional provisions. The affidavit contained documents substantiating its claim that the community is socially and educationally backward.[75]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]