Maratha titles

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The following list includes (but not limited to) a brief about the titles of nobility or orders of chivalry used by the Marathas of India as well as the Marathis/Konkanis in general.

Titles used by the Maratha Royals[edit]

  • Raje: The English equivalent of Raje is Your Majesty. It is a title first conferred upon Chhatrapati Shivaji’s grandfather Maloji Raje Bhosale
  • Sinhasanadheeshwar: It means 'the enthroned King' and was a title first given to Chhatrapati Shivaji at the time of his coronation[3]
  • Peshwa: It is a word of Persian origin and means 'Foremost' or 'the first minister'[4] or 'Premier' (or Prime Minister). It was a title given to the prime ministers of the Maratha Empire
  • Sena Khas Khel: It means the Commander of the armies of the state. It is a designation created by the Peshwas of Pune and was conferred upon the Gaekwads of Vadodara[6]
  • Shamsher Bahadur: It is a title conferred upon the Maharajas of Baroda (the Gaekwads) and means a distinguished swordsman[7]
  • Maharajadhiraj: It means 'Great King of Kings'.[10] For example, it was conferred upon H. H. Maharajadhiraj Rajeshwar Sawai Tukoji Rao Holkar Bahadur K.G.C.S.I.[11]
  • Naib Wakil-i-Mutlaq: It means Deputy Regent of Mughal affairs. It was a title conferred upon Shrimant Maharaja Mahadaji Shinde (Scindia) by the Mughals, since he helped the Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II, ascend the throne of Delhi.[12]

Titles given by the British[edit]

  • Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia: It means the 'Favoured son of the English nation'. For example, it was conferred upon the Maratha Maharajas of Baroda[26]

Other titles[edit]

  • Rao: It is an honorary title used by men as a suffix to their first name, example Malhar Rao Holkar, the prince of Indore
  • Sinh: It is a word derived from the Sanskrit word siḿha, meaning 'lion'.[27] It is used as a suffix to the first name, example Maharaja Pratapsinh Gaekwad[28] or H.H. Meherban Shrimant Raja Vijaysinhrao Madhavrao Patwardhan, Raja of Sangli[29]
  • Shett/Sheth: Shett/Sheth is a name given to the Daivajnas of Konkani origin residing on the west coast of India. For example, the Saldanha-Shet family is one of the well known Konkani Catholic families from Mangalore.[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alain Daniélou (11 February 2003). A Brief History of India. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 257–. ISBN 978-1-59477-794-3. 
  2. ^ Jeneet Sorokhaibam (1 January 2013). Chhatrapati Shivaji: The Maratha Warrior and His Campaign. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. pp. 62–. ISBN 978-93-82573-49-4. 
  3. ^ a b http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-history/shivaji.html
  4. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=iVI_AAAAMAAJ&q=peshwa+foremost+persian&dq=peshwa+foremost+persian&hl=en&sa=X&ei=FJWGVciGHIagugSB04PIAw&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAg
  5. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=F51h6q-bB6sC&pg=PA414&lpg=PA414&dq=peshwin+feminine&source=bl&ots=ZbgGvCUR2J&sig=YjcP9IRwv8Sd1_aYhCY2tMQ2b3Y&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CB0Q6AEwAGoVChMI3bms4s7xxwIVhgqOCh0ILgEN#v=onepage&q&f=false
  6. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=Y-08AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA368&lpg=PA368&dq=sena+khas+khel+peshwa&source=bl&ots=3FOeqKnDQn&sig=qtG9yZ9lc3lZqRyOxfRuYp9IO0w&hl=en&sa=X&ei=TtknUIv6ItHyrQeY9oGICg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=sena%20khas%20khel%20peshwa&f=false
  7. ^ http://coinindia.com/galleries-baroda.html
  8. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=tuwNoJxH25QC&pg=PA23&lpg=PA23&dq=Maharajadhiraj+Raj+Rajeshwar+Alija+Bahadur&source=bl&ots=cPE1XwU1Ap&sig=TKeTBrV_4ZN9HxhjeRDXAETOGG0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eX8rUMyDFcKqrAfCm4GoCw&sqi=2&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Maharajadhiraj%20Raj%20Rajeshwar%20Alija%20Bahadur&f=false
  9. ^ a b http://books.google.co.in/books?id=7iOsNUZ2MXgC&pg=PR22&lpg=PR22&dq=raj+rajeshwar+title&source=bl&ots=Zi3edtogw_&sig=_ZRnRT7nwI9AiLAPovvshcS4eXs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3o9AUOW9KsnqrQewqYGICg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=raj%20rajeshwar%20title&f=false
  10. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=IdigEPWerOwC&pg=PA88&lpg=PA88&dq=maharajadhiraj+title&source=bl&ots=_S683Ys8lY&sig=4n6FrJP060L0jmlhKEVoZQtpLc8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LfFBUOaOHYqyrAeP5YCoAQ&ved=0CDwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=maharajadhiraj%20title&f=false
  11. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=3Bt6WTrErH0C&pg=PA7123&lpg=PA7123&dq=maharajadhiraj+title+tukoji&source=bl&ots=720OXkjwGR&sig=p2wJoKRSR0U-uQAL6lnzImW3wlU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CfJBUJfQA8forAej64HwCA&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=maharajadhiraj%20title%20tukoji&f=false
  12. ^ a b http://books.google.co.in/books?id=sxhAtCflwOMC&pg=PA334&lpg=PA334&dq=daulatrao+scindia+punjab&source=bl&ots=UHK_WUGdoH&sig=CV3YuivuM4b0R-mR8KQUTa1d_hU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0J3AT6H1H8vqrQeP2LDFCQ&ved=0CE4Q6AEwBTgK#v=onepage&q=amir%20title&f=false
  13. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=r2O3W7mkAwAC&pg=PA252&dq=title+of+sardar+maratha&hl=en&sa=X&ei=T12gUf_RJ4P4rQew-IC4CQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=title%20of%20sardar%20maratha&f=false
  14. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=1_4bAQAAIAAJ&q=mankari+noble&dq=mankari+noble&hl=en&sa=X&ei=pTycVaeqBsGZ0gS7-IzQAw&ved=0CCIQ6AEwAQ
  15. ^ Madan, T.N. (1988). Way of Life: King, Householder, Renouncer : Essays in Honour of Louis Dumont. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 129. ISBN 9788120805279. Retrieved 2015-07-04. 
  16. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?ei=OzGcVZGQA8XF0gTw8qSwDQ&id=xdIBAAAAMAAJ&dq=Mankar+being+primarily+a+title+applied+to+Maratha+noblemen%2C+who+held+an+official+position+at+court&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Mankari+being+primarily+a+title+applied+to+Maratha+noblemen%2C+who+held+an+official+position+at+court
  17. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=5kMrsTj1NeYC&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=mankari+maratha&source=bl&ots=WA1ha6xRGa&sig=jhcN6PpdGL06k-d30WbM2A0lJLM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wimcVaauB4PL0AST4argDQ&ved=0CDYQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=mankari%20families&f=false
  18. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?ei=azicVaz7L8Gw0ATJ4raoDw&id=THR5AAAAIAAJ&dq=The+person+entitled+%28from+office%2C+merit%29+to+certain+honours+and+presents+rendered+at+courts%2C+weddings%2C+councils+and+village-assemblies&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=mankari
  19. ^ http://www.dharwad.nic.in/sawai.htm
  20. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=5qkVLVpJmyoC&pg=PA97&dq=sawai+meaning&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rlf6T4a7NofMrQeM3qXdBg&ved=0CGwQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=sawai%20meaning&f=false
  21. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=ViSYYQZZWEcC&pg=PA11&dq=nawab+of+banda+ali+bahadur&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qGCGVe3-JdOhugTMwYG4Dg&ved=0CBwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
  22. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/22523/pages/2622
  23. ^ a b http://books.google.co.in/books?ei=V3YuUMH_Es7jrAeilYCQAQ&id=w6RHAAAAMAAJ&dq=rajarshi+shahu+GCIE&q=GCIE#search_anchor
  24. ^ http://www.britishmilitarymedals.co.uk/kaiser-i-hind-medal/
  25. ^ http://www.royalark.net/India/gwalior4.htm
  26. ^ http://www.royalark.net/India/baroda.htm
  27. ^
    • Saheb: It is an honorary title used by men as a suffix to their first name, example AnnaSaheb Magar, a politician in Maharashtra
    • Bai: It is an honorary title used by women as a suffix to their first name, example Rani Laxmibai, the Queen of Jhansi
    • Devi: It is an honorary title used by women as a suffix to their first name.
  28. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=wYFXvx0JCCAC&pg=PA18&lpg=PA18&dq=Pratapsinh+Gaekwad&source=bl&ots=tpX5oX8KTY&sig=5vj9Ei7Iyj1G8oJkzA7UoupzuYg&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yPZBUJGxNoizrAfdrIGIBw&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Pratapsinh%20Gaekwad&f=false
  29. ^ http://www.royalark.net/India/sangli2.htm
  30. ^ Farias, Kranti (1999), The Christian impact in South Kanara, Church History Association of India, p. 279