Maratha titles

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The following list includes a brief about the titles of nobility or orders of chivalry used by the Marathas of India and by the Marathis/Konkanis in general.

Titles used by the Maratha Royals[edit]

  • Chhatrapati: Chhatrapati is an Indian royal title most equivalent to a King. It means the 'Lord of the Parasol'[1] and is a title conferred upon the founder of Maratha Empire, Chhatrapati Shivaji. The title is also used by Shivaji’s descendents
  • Maharaj: The English equivalent of Maharaj is great king. It is a title first conferred upon Chhatrapati Shivaji’s father Shahaji Raje Bhosale by Adilshah.
  • Maharani: The English equivalent of Maharani is great queen. It is a title first used by Tarabai , as regent of marathas empire .
  • Raje: The English equivalent of Raje is Your Majesty. It is a title first conferred upon Chhatrapati Shivaji’s grandfather Maloji Raje Bhosale
  • Kshatriya Kulavantas: It means 'The Head of the Kshatriya race' and was a title first given to Chhatrapati Shivaji at the time of his coronation[2]
  • Sinhasanadheeshwar: It means 'the enthroned King' and was a title first given to Chhatrapati Shivaji at the time of his coronation[2]
  • Peshwa: It is a word of Persian origin and means 'Foremost' or 'the first minister'[3] or 'Premier' (or Prime Minister). It was a title given to the prime ministers of the Maratha Empire
  • Peshwin: The wife of a Peshwa[4]
  • Daria Sarang: It means the Chief or Admiral of the Mahratta Navy[5]
  • Sena Khas Khel: It means the Commander of the armies of the state. It is a designation created by the Peshwas of Pune and was conferred upon the Gaekwads of Vadodara[6]
  • Shamsher Bahadur: It is a title conferred upon the Maharajas of Baroda (the Gaekwads) and means a distinguished swordsman[7]

Titles given by the British[edit]

Other titles[edit]

  • Rao: It is an honorary title used by men as a suffix to their first name, example Malhar Rao Holkar, the prince of Indore
  • Sinh: It is a word derived from the Sanskrit word siḿha, meaning 'lion'.[25] It is used as a suffix to the first name, example Maharaja Pratapsinh Gaekwad[26] or H.H. Meherban Shrimant Raja Vijaysinhrao Madhavrao Patwardhan, Raja of Sangli[27]
  • Shett/Sheth: Shett/Sheth is a name given to the Daivajnas of Konkani origin residing on the west coast of India. For example, the Saldanha-Shet family is one of the well known Konkani Catholic families from Mangalore.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alain Daniélou (11 February 2003). A Brief History of India. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 257–. ISBN 978-1-59477-794-3. 
  2. ^ a b "Chhatrapati Shivaji". 
  3. ^ Temple, Sir Richard Carnac (1953-01-01). Sivaji and the rise of the mahrattas. Susil Gupta. 
  4. ^ Yule, Henry; Burnell, A. C.; Teltscher, Kate (2013-06-13). Hobson-Jobson: The Definitive Glossary of British India. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780199601134. 
  5. ^ Sardesai, HS. Shivaji, the Great Maratha, Volume 3. Cosmo Publications. p. 649. 
  6. ^ The Cambridge History of the British Empire. CUP Archive. 1933-01-01. 
  7. ^ http://coinindia.com/galleries-baroda.html
  8. ^ Singh, Ravindra Pratap (1987-01-01). Geography and Politics in Central India: A Case Study of Erstwhile Indore State. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788170220251. 
  9. ^ a b The Golden Book of India. 
  10. ^ Social Science. FK Publications. 2006-01-01. ISBN 9788179730423. 
  11. ^ Kapoor, Subodh (2002-01-01). The Indian Encyclopaedia: Biographical, Historical, Religious, Administrative, Ethnological, Commercial and Scientific. Cosmo Publications. ISBN 9788177552577. 
  12. ^ a b A Comprehensive History of Medieval India. 
  13. ^ Copeman, Jacob; Ikegame, Aya (2012-01-01). The Guru in South Asia: New Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Routledge. ISBN 9780415510196. 
  14. ^ "The Central India State Gazetteer Series". 
  15. ^ Madan, T.N. (1988). Way of Life: King, Householder, Renouncer : Essays in Honour of Louis Dumont. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 129. ISBN 9788120805279. Retrieved 2015-07-04. 
  16. ^ "pt. II. Descriptive articles on the principal castes and tribes of the ... - Robert Vane Russell - Google Books". 
  17. ^ "Caste, Conflict and Ideology". 
  18. ^ "Poona in the eighteenth century". 
  19. ^ Sarkar, Jadunath (1992-01-01). Fall of the Mughal Empire. Sangam. ISBN 9780861317493. 
  20. ^ "no. 22523". The London Gazette. 25 June 1861. p. 2622. 
  21. ^ a b Rajarshi Shahu Chhatrapati papers. 
  22. ^ http://www.britishmilitarymedals.co.uk/kaiser-i-hind-medal/
  23. ^ "gwalior4". www.royalark.net. Retrieved 2016-05-07. 
  24. ^ "baroda". www.royalark.net. Retrieved 2016-05-07. 
  25. ^
    • Saheb: It is an honorary title used by men as a suffix to their first name, example AnnaSaheb Magar, a politician in Maharashtra
    • Bai: It is an honorary title used by women as a suffix to their first name, example Rani Laxmibai, the Queen of Jhansi
    • Devi: It is an honorary title used by women as a suffix to their first name.
  26. ^ Sawhney, Clifford (2004-12-01). Strange But True Facts. Pustak Mahal. ISBN 9788122308396. 
  27. ^ "SANGLI2". www.royalark.net. Retrieved 2016-05-07. 
  28. ^ Farias, Kranti (1999), The Christian impact in South Kanara, Church History Association of India, p. 279