Marattiidae

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Marattiidae
Starr 030807-0181 Angiopteris evecta.jpg
Angiopteris evecta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Embryophyta
(unranked): Tracheophyta
(unranked): euphyllophytes
Class: Polypodiopsida
Subclass: Marattiidae
Klinge 1882
Type genus
Marattia Swartz
Order
Synonyms
  • Marattiopsida

Marattiidae is a subclass of class Polypodiopsida (ferns). This subclass comprises a single fern order, Marattiales, and family, Marattiaceae. It is equivalent to the class Marattiopsida in previous treatments, including Smith et al., 2006.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Marattiidae is one of four subclasses of class Polypodiopsida (ferns), to which it is related as shown in this cladogram, being a sister group to Polypodiidae. The first three small subclasses are sometimes informally referred to as eusporangiate ferns, in contrast to the largest subclass, Polypodiidae or leptosporangiate ferns.[2]

Polypodiopsida

Equisetidae

Ophioglossidae

Marattiidae

Polypodiidae

In earlier classifications such as Smith et al. (2006)[1] it was known as Marattiopsida, but was renamed Marattiidae in that of Mark W. Chase and James L. Reveal[3] and subsequent systems such as Christenhusz et al. (2011)[4] and the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group (2016). In that system, Marattiidae is monotypic has one order, one family, six genera, and an estimated 111 species.[2]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chase, Mark W.; Reveal, James L. (2009). "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161: 122–127. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x.
  • Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Zhang, X. C.; Schneider, H. (18 February 2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns". Phytotaxa. 19 (1): 7. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.19.1.2.
  • Christenhusz, Maarten J.M.; Chase, Mark W. (2014). "Trends and concepts in fern classification". Annals of Botany. 113 (4): 571–594. doi:10.1093/aob/mct299. PMC 3936591. PMID 24532607.
  • Pryer, Kathleen M.; Schneider, Harald; Smith, Alan R.; Cranfill, Raymond; Wolf, Paul G.; Hunt, Jeffrey S.; Sipes, Sedonia D. (2001). "Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants". Nature. 409 (6820): 618–622. doi:10.1038/35054555. PMID 11214320.
  • Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group (November 2016). "A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 54 (6): 563–603. doi:10.1111/jse.12229.
  • Schneider, Harald; Smith, Alan R.; Pryer, Kathleen M. (1 July 2009). "Is Morphology Really at Odds with Molecules in Estimating Fern Phylogeny?". Systematic Botany. 34 (3): 455–475. doi:10.1600/036364409789271209.
  • Smith, Alan R.; Kathleen M. Pryer; Eric Schuettpelz; Petra Korall; Harald Schneider; Paul G. Wolf (2006). "A classification for extant ferns" (PDF). Taxon. 55 (3): 705–731. doi:10.2307/25065646. JSTOR 25065646.