Marawah (Arabic: مروح) is a low-lying island off the coast of Abu Dhabi. The island is 15 km north of the Khor al Bazm lagoon along the Abu Dhabi coastline in the southern Persian Gulf of the United Arab Emirates.
Geology and geography
Current research indicates that the island was formed from relict Pleistocene limestone platforms linked by Holocene sand and beach deposits and intervening patches of sabkha. Marawah is located 100 km west of the city and capital, Abu Dhabi. The island is around 13 km from east to west and about 5.5 km from north to south. There are three islands in proximity to Marawah: the small island of Al Fiyah to the west, the island of Junaina to the southeast, and the island of Abu al Abyad in the east.
The west first became aware of the island around 1829 when the East India Company recorded its location in a nautical survey of the Persian Gulf.
Although privately owned, the island is a key center of archaeology. In 1992, the Abu Dhabi Islands Archaeological Survey (ADIAS) completed a preliminary survey of the island. Archeologists identified 13 sites dating from the Neolithic to the Islamic Period (12-13 AD).
In 2004, ADIAS discovered the oldest human skeleton ever found in the region amid the remains of Neolithic buildings and over 200 flint tools. DNA was extracted from teeth that were recovered from the site, and it was determined that the remains were about 7,500 years old.
- Marawah, Abu Dhabi Islands Archaeological Survey
- UAE History, 20,000 - 2,000 years ago
- UAE Interact, Map Room