Marblehead, Massachusetts

Coordinates: 42°30′00″N 70°51′30″W / 42.50000°N 70.85833°W / 42.50000; -70.85833
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marblehead, Massachusetts
Marblehead harbor viewed from the lighthouse
Marblehead harbor viewed from the lighthouse
Official seal of Marblehead, Massachusetts
"Where History Comes Alive"[1]
Location in Essex County and Massachusetts
Location in Essex County and Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°30′00″N 70°51′30″W / 42.50000°N 70.85833°W / 42.50000; -70.85833
CountryUnited States
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Total19.58 sq mi (50.71 km2)
 • Land4.39 sq mi (11.37 km2)
 • Water15.19 sq mi (39.34 km2)
65 ft (20 m)
 • Total20,441
 • Density4,656.26/sq mi (1,797.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
Area code339/781
FIPS code25-38400
GNIS feature ID0618300

Marblehead is a coastal New England town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, along the North Shore. Its population was 20,441 at the 2020 census.[2] The town lies on a small peninsula that extends into the northern part of Massachusetts Bay. Attached to the town is a near island, known as Marblehead Neck, connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. Marblehead Harbor, protected by shallow shoals and rocks from the open sea, lies between the mainland and the Neck. Beside the Marblehead town center, two other villages lie within the town: the Old Town, which was the original town center, and Clifton, which lies along the border with the neighboring town of Swampscott.

A town with roots in commercial fishing and yachting, Marblehead was a major shipyard and is often referred to as the birthplace of the American Navy, a title sometimes disputed with nearby Beverly. Marblehead was once the fishing capital of Massachusetts. It is also the origin of Marine Corps Aviation. Three US Navy ships have been named USS Marblehead. A center of recreational boating, Marblehead has long been a popular sailing, kayaking and fishing destination, with several yacht clubs established in the late 19th century.

It is home to the Marblehead Light, Fort Sewall, Little Harbor, Mass Audubon's Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary,[3] Crocker Park, and Devereux Beach. Archibald Willard's famous painting The Spirit of '76 currently resides in Abbot Hall. Much of the Old Town is protected by the Marblehead Historic District.

Marblehead is also home of the Marblehead Men's Softball League, which was established in 1939 and is the oldest and longest standing adult softball league in the world.



Marblehead was originally called Massebequash after the river which ran between it and Salem. The land was inhabited by the Naumkeag tribe of the Pawtucket confederation under the overall sachem Nanepashemet. Epidemics in 1615–1619 and 1633, believed to be smallpox, devastated the tribe. Numerous shell mounds and burial sites have been found throughout the town's history, along with foundations of multiple villages and forts.[4] On September 16, 1684, heirs of Nanepashemet sold their 3,700 acres (15 km2); the deed is preserved today at Abbot Hall in the town.[5]

European settlers and fishing[edit]

Marblehead's first European settler was Joseph Doliber or John Peach highly disputed in 1629, who set up on the shore near what is now the end of Bradlee Road. Three years earlier, Isaac Allerton, a Pilgrim from the Mayflower, had arrived in the area and established a fishing village at Marblehead Little Harbor. In May 1635, the General Court of Massachusetts Bay established the town of Marblehead on land that belonged to Salem. Marblehead residents, who never saw eye-to-eye with their more devout and conservative neighbors, were delighted, but less than a year later, the lawmakers reversed themselves. Marblehead finally became independent of Salem in 1649.[6][7]

Marblehead, watercolor, Maurice Prendergast, 1914. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

At times called "Marvell Head", "Marble Harbour" (by Captain John Smith) and "Foy" (by immigrants from Fowey, Cornwall), the town would be named "Marblehead" by settlers who mistook its granite ledges for marble. It began as a fishing village with narrow crooked streets, and developed inland from the harbor. The shoreline smelled of drying fish, typically cod. These were exported abroad and to Salem.

The town had one accused individual during the Salem Witch Trials, Wilmot Redd. She was found guilty of witchcraft and executed by hanging on September 22, 1692.

The town peaked economically just before the American Revolution, as locally financed privateering vessels sought bounty from large European ships. Much early architecture survives from the era, including the Jeremiah Lee Mansion.

Revolutionary War[edit]

A large percentage of residents became involved early in the Revolutionary War, and the sailors of Marblehead are generally recognized by scholars as forerunners of the United States Navy[citation needed]. The first vessel commissioned for the army, Hannah, was equipped with cannons, rope, provisions (including the indigenous molasses/sea water cookie known as "Joe Frogger" ), and a crew from Marblehead. With their nautical backgrounds, soldiers from Marblehead under General John Glover were instrumental in the escape of the Continental Army after the Battle of Long Island.The Marblehead militia had become the 14th Continental Regiment of George Washington's army—and one of the few integrated regiments in the entire army.[8] Marblehead men ferried George Washington across the Delaware River for his attack on Trenton. Many who set out for war, however, did not return, leaving the town with 459 widows and 865 orphaned children in a population of less than 5,000.

Marbleheaders rowing Washington across the Delaware

The community lost a substantial portion of its population and economy, although it was still the tenth-largest inhabited location in the United States at the first census, in 1790.[9]

When George Washington visited the town during his presidential tour of 1789, he knew the sailors of Marblehead well; they had served him honorably in the war. He observed that the town "had the appearance of antiquity."[10]

Fishing industry[edit]

In the 75 years from the American Revolution to the middle of the nineteenth century, Marblehead experienced a golden age of fishing. The War of 1812 brought disruption similar to during the American Revolution, with fishing grounds being blockaded, and fisherman heading off to war, with over 500 Marbleheaders being imprisoned by the British.[11] After the war, and later into the 19th century, wealthier citizens wanted a new bank to finance vessels, and to serve the town's fishermen and merchants. On March 17, 1831, with a capital of US$100,000, they founded the Grand Bank. The name was changed to National Grand Bank on October 3, 1864.[12]

Eleven Marblehead ships were lost in Gale of 1846, painting by William Thompson Bartoll

The town's fishermen had 98 vessels (95 of which exceeded 50 tons) putting to sea in 1837, where they often harvested fish off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. However, a gale or hurricane in that area on September 19, 1846, sank 11 vessels and damaged others. With 65 men and boys lost in the storm, the town's fishing industry began a decline. The storm is depicted in Fireboard: The Great Gale of 1846, c. 1850 by William Thompson Bartoll. A copy of the book is held by the Peabody Essex Museum.

American Civil War[edit]

During the Civil War, 1,048 Marblehead men went to war, joining both the Army and Navy. One hundred ten died; 87 were wounded, many of whom died later of their injuries. During the war, Marblehead would raise almost $100,000 to supplement the war effort, an incredible effort for a town of 8,000 that relied mainly on fishing for income. Marblehead would be the first regiment in the state to answer the call for troops.[13] A Grand Army of the Republic veterans organization was formed after the war, and established headquarters in the old town house, where it still displays artifacts from the Marblehead regiments that served.

Shoemaking, airplanes, and yachting[edit]

Burgess aircraft in Marblehead Harbor
Marblehead Harbor 1916

During the late 19th century, Marblehead had a short-term industrial boom from shoe-making factories. At the same time, the exceptional harbor attracted yachting by wealthy boat owners, and some yacht clubs established centers there. It would become home to the Boston Yacht Club, Corinthian Yacht Club, Eastern Yacht Club, Marblehead Yacht Club, Dolphin Yacht Club, and the oldest junior yacht club in America, the Pleon Yacht Club. This also caused numerous "summer homes" of wealthy Boston residents to be built on Marblehead Neck. The building boom would cause Marblehead Light to be replaced in 1896 with a new iron structure since the light of shorter tower was becoming blocked by the large new homes.

Marblehead was also the site of the Burgess & Curtis Aircraft Factory, where it was the first licensed aircraft manufacturer in the United States. William Starling Burgess designed and flight-tested most of the aircraft that were manufactured at the two plant sites in town.[14] On August 20, 1912, Alfred Austell Cunningham became the first Marine aviator, taking off from Marblehead Harbor in a Burgess Model H seaplane given to him by the Burgess Company. His flight was the start of United States Marine Corps Aviation.[15]

Post-war suburban community[edit]

After World War II, the town enjoyed a population boom, developing as a bedroom community for nearby Boston, Lynn, and Salem. This boom ended around 1970, when the town became built out. Marblehead today continues to be a sailing and small-town tourism destination in the summer months.

Town government[edit]

The Town of Marblehead has an open town meeting, and is led by a Board of Selectmen. A board of seven selectmen first met on Friday, December 22, 1648.[16]

Town hall[edit]

The seat of the first town government used the existing Meeting House on what is now the site of Old Burial Hill. The meeting house served as a place for the town to meet and the main church in town; a dual use that was typical during this time period.[17] The second meeting house was built around 1696 on Franklin Street, which would become known as the "Old Meeting House", also serving the dual use of a town meeting location and church. In 1726, it was decided by the town to construct a separate Town House, which was completed in 1727 (Old Town House).[17] However, the Old Meeting House would continue to occasionally be used for large town meetings, before it was demolished around 1825 after the new First Congregational Church was built (Old North Church).[17] The Town House would serve as the town hall until the construction of Abbot Hall in 1876, where the town clerk and board of selectmen still meet today.

Geography and transportation[edit]

Marblehead is comprised by a total of 4.4 square miles (11.4 km2) of land and 15.2 square miles (39.4 km2), or 77.61%, of water.[18]

Marblehead is situated on the North Shore of Massachusetts along Massachusetts Bay and Salem Harbor. The town consists of a rocky peninsula that extends into the bay, with an additional neck to the east connected by a long sandbar, now a causeway. This ring of land defines Marblehead's deep, sheltered harbor. Marblehead Neck is home to a bird sanctuary, as well as Castle Rock and Chandler Hovey Park at its northern tip, where Marblehead Light is located.

Fountain Park and Fort Sewall are located at the western edge of the mouth of Marblehead Harbor. The town land also includes several small islands in Massachusetts Bay and Dolliber Cove, the area between Peaches Point and Fort Sewall. The town is partially divided from Salem by the Forest River, and is also home to several small ponds. In keeping with the town's location, there are four beaches (one in Dolliber Cove, one in Marblehead Harbor, and two along the southern shore of town), as well as six yacht clubs, one public kayaking center[19] and several boat ramps.

Marblehead old train depot

Besides Marblehead Neck, there are two other villages within town, the Old Town to the northeast and Clifton to the southwest. Given its small area, most of the residential land in town is densely settled. Marblehead's town center is located approximately 4 miles (6 km) from the center of Salem, 16 miles (26 km) northeast of Boston and 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Cape Ann. It is bordered by Swampscott to the south and Salem to the northwest. (As Salem's water rights extend into Massachusetts Bay, there is no connection between Marblehead and the city of Beverly across Beverly Harbor.)

Marblehead is home to the eastern termini of Massachusetts Route 114 and Route 129, which both terminate at the intersection of Pleasant Street and Ocean Avenue. Route 114 heads west into Salem, while Route 129 heads south along Atlantic Avenue into Swampscott towards Lynn. There are no freeways within town, with the nearest access being to Massachusetts Route 128 in Peabody and Beverly.

Two MBTA bus routes—the 441 and 442—originate in town regularly with service to Boston, with weekend service to Wonderland station in Revere. The former Eastern Railroad began service in 1839 and had lines connecting through Swampscott and Salem was discontinued in the late 1950s. The track routes were converted to bike trails and the three train depots were torn down.[20] The Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail passes through neighboring Swampscott and Salem, with service between the North Shore and Boston's North Station. The nearest air service is located at Beverly Municipal Airport, with the nearest national and international service at Boston's Logan International Airport. Seasonal ferry service to Boston can also be found in Salem.


According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Marblehead has a humid continental climate or a oceanic climate, abbreviated "Cfb" or "Dfb" on climate maps. The hottest temperature recorded in Marblehead was 101 °F (38.3 °C) on July 23, 2011, while the coldest temperature recorded was −20 °F (−28.9 °C) on February 4, 2023.[21]

Climate data for Marblehead, Massachusetts, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1984–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
Mean maximum °F (°C) 56.8
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 36.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 27.0
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 17.9
Mean minimum °F (°C) 1.5
Record low °F (°C) −6
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.75
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.3
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.7 8.5 9.5 10.8 11.2 9.9 9.0 8.0 8.3 10.3 10.0 10.2 115.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.0 3.6 2.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 2.1 13.0
Source 1: NOAA[22]
Source 2: National Weather Service[21]


Historical population

Source: United States census records and Population Estimates Program data.[23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32]

As of the census[33] of 2010, there were 19,808 people, 8,838 households, and 5,467 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,373 inhabitants per square mile (1,688/km2). There were 8,906 housing units at an average density of 1,966.3/sq mi (759.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.6% White, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, >0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 8,541 households, out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. Of all households 28.7% were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

According to a 2009 estimate,[34] the median income for a household in the town was $97,441, and the median income for a family was $129,968. Males had a median income of $70,470 versus $44,988 for females. The per capita income for the town was $46,738. About 3.2% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.


Marblehead Public Schools oversees four schools: Brown and Glover elementary schools; the Village School (grades 4–6); Marblehead Veterans Middle School; and Marblehead High School.[35] The town is also home to the Marblehead Community Charter Public School, the first Commonwealth charter school to open in Massachusetts, as well as Tower School, a private day school for kindergarten through eighth grade.

Town song[edit]

The Town of Marblehead has the unique distinction of having an official town anthem "Marblehead Forever". It is performed at most major town events and commemorations. It was written by the Reverend Marcia Martin Selman to the music of the hymn tune "The Lily of the Valley", from a melody by J. R. Murray, "Songs of Rejoicing", 1888.[36]

Points of interest[edit]

Historical sites and museums[edit]

Fort Sewall
Abbott Hall

Yacht clubs[edit]

Eastern Yacht Club
Corinthian Yacht Club

There are six active yacht clubs in town:

Yacht Clubs in Marblehead
Name Founded Burgee Notable Events Current

Club House


Boston Yacht Club 1866
Eastern Yacht Club 1870
  • Annual Regatta
  • Commodore's Cup
  • Ted Hood Regatta[42]
Marblehead Yacht Club 1878
  • Downeast Challenge
  • Marblehead to Boothbay
Corinthian Yacht Club 1885
  • Marblehead Race Week (Founder)
  • Corinthian Classic Yacht Regatta
Pleon Yacht Club

(under 21 only)

  • Junior Race Week
Dolphin Yacht Club 1950
  • Sal's Race

Cemeteries & Burial Grounds[edit]

Marblehead has multiple historic cemeteries and public and private burial grounds found within the town borders. There have also been Native America burials sites found throughout town.[43]

Town Cemeteries[44]
Name Notes
Old Burial Hill Founded around 1638, oldest in town
Harris Street Cemetery Adjacent to Unitarian Church cemetery
Hooper Tomb Tomb for the Hooper family
Green Street Cemetery Formerly known as Elm Street Cemetery.
Hathaway Family Crypt Hathaway family member
Waterside Cemetery Still in use, founded in 1859
Harbor View Cemetery Still in use, adjacent to Waterside Cemetery
Church Cemeteries
Star of the Sea Cemetery Cemetery in association with Star of the Sea Church
Unitarian Cemetery Partially built over with Unitarian church addition in 1960s
St Michaels Cemetery & Crypt Founded around 1714 (approx)
St Andrews Cemetery Contains Wyman family burial plot
Unmarked Burial Grounds
Pleasant Street Alluded burial site for the poor of Marblehead, located in gulley behind Masonic Hall & 66 Pleasant Street.
Back Street (Elm Street) burial ground 18th century African American and pauper burial ground near historic Gun House[45]
Pond Street Almhouse Pauper burials around 1726[45]
Cloutman Farm Burials near Cloutman Farmhouse[45]
Cow Fort (Seaside Park) Burial sites for 1764 smallpox victims
Gatchell Farm Family burial plot in proximity to swamp, bodies moved to Old Burial hill when converted to park.[46]
Sewall & Spring Street Burial site in front of former Sewall school house[47]
Naugus Head Native burials site with four individuals found at Sparhawk Terrace, believed to be pre colonial[48]
West Shore Drive Native burial site discovered near former village in Waterside Cemetery[48]
Bessom Pasture Native burials discovered in 1874 survey by Essex Institute[49]
Marblehead Neck Native burial site[43]
Clifton - Atlantic Ave Native burial site, in circular pattern near Glover Farm. [50]

Notable people[edit]

Politicians and military[edit]


Architects and yacht designers[edit]

Businessmen and entrepreneurs, philanthropist[edit]

Writers and journalists[edit]

Arts and entertainment[edit]

Notable visitors[edit]

Politicians and royalty



  • H. P. Lovecraft visited Marblehead in 1922, an event which had profound personal effect on him. He used Marblehead as his inspiration for the fictional town of Kingsport.
  • Sylvia Plath American poet, novelist, and short story writer. Visited Marblehead in July 1951.

See: Arts, Films section for actors who came for location shooting.



Castle Rock Marblehead, Alfred Thompson Bricher
Marblehead Harbor, Maurice Brazil Prendergast
On Deck of the Yacht Constellation, John Singer Sargent
First International Yacht Race off Children's Island, M.H. Howes
Mrs Jeremiah Lee, Martha Swett, John Singleton Copley

Notable paintings & artists depicting Marblehead scenes and figures:


Pride of the Clan, filmed at Castle Rock

Movies filmed in Marblehead include:


A television show has yet to been filmed in the town, but Marblehead has been mentioned in the following TV series:

  • Marblehead Manor (1987) was a sitcom about a wealthy Marblehead resident that ran for one season on CBS.
  • Cheers, set in Boston, made three references to the town. Sam mentions sailing to Marblehead in Season 1, Episode 6. Diane mentions Sam having taken her to a bed and breakfast in Marblehead in Season 4, episode 15. Sam says that he will sail to Marblehead for relaxation in Season 5, Episode 1.
  • In Sabrina, the Teenage Witch, Aunt Hilda makes reference to Marblehead in the sixth episode of the second season, entitled "Sabrina, the Teenage Boy."
  • The TV movie The Crossing (2000) has General Washington (Jeff Daniels) speaking to Col. Glover (Sebastian Roché) about the men of Marblehead rowing across the Delaware.
  • The West Wing Season 4 episode 18, "Privateers", has Mrs. Marion Cotesworth-Haye of Marblehead denouncing the first lady's (Stockard Channing) membership of the Daughters of the Revolution, when they learn that her distant relative was more pirate than patriot.
  • The Handmaid's Tale mentions Marblehead in season one episode 7, entitled "The Other Side".


Set in Marblehead, or based on local figures[edit]

  • Marblehead', by Joan Thompson: The town appears in the eponymous book debuting in 1978.
  • The Hearth & Eagle, by Anya Seton, traces the history of Marblehead from early settlement in 1630 to modern times through the story of one family, originally from Cornwall, who eventually ran Marblehead's Hearth & Eagle Inn.
  • Agnes Surriage, by Edwin Lassetter Bynner
  • The Fountain Inn, by Nathan P. Sanborn
  • The Death and Life of Charlie St. Cloud, by Ben Sherwood, is set in Marblehead and features the Waterside Cemetery. A film adaptation was made in 2010.
  • General John Glover and His Marblehead Mariners, by George Athan Billias (1960)
  • The Wizard of Orne Hill and Other Tales of Old Marblehead, by Dorothy Miles
  • At the Point of Cutlass, by Gregory Flemming, tells the story of Marblehead's "Robinson Curusoe" Philip Ashton and is based on his memoirs
  • Hidden Silver, by Georgene Faulkner, Relates the story of a Marblehead family during the American Revolution
  • 'Azor of Marblehead Series (1948–1960), by Maude Cowley
    • Azor
    • Azor and the Haddock
    • Azor and the Blue-eyed Cow
    • Tor and Azor
    • Pringle and the Lavender Goat
  • Swansday at Redd's, A Marblehead Story, by Ray Cole
  • Remembering James J. H. Gregory: The Seed King, Philanthropist, Man, by Shari Kelley Worrell
  • Marblehead from HollyHocks to Hot Top, articles by John D Hill, Morrill S. Reynolds, Phyllis Masters, Percy L. Martin
  • Ashton's Memorial: An History of the Strange Adventures of Philip Ashton, Jr. (1725)
  • Marblehead's First Harbor: The Rich History of a Small Fishing Port, by Hugh Peabody Bishop and Brenda Bishop Booma
  • The Lace Reader, by Brunonia Barry
  • A Guide to Marblehead, by Samuel Roads Jr. (1881)
  • Old Marblehead, by Samuel Chamberlain (1940)
  • Peaches Point: The Summer World Of T.H. Shepard, By Timothy Shepard (1976)
  • History and Traditions of Marblehead, by Samuel Roads Jr. (1880)
  • In the Time of Worms: An Ancient Tale of Marblehead, by Kenelm Winslow Harris
  • Under the Golden Cod, by 350th Anniversary book Committee detailing the history of the congregation of Marblehead Old North Church from 1635 to 1985.
  • Captains Courageous by Rudyard Kipling mentions the town
  • The Autobiography of Ashley Bowen (1728–1813), by Ashley Bowen
  • Red On Black, A Marblehead Story, by Eben Weed
  • Where Away: The Story of USS Marblehead, by George Sessions Perry and Mabel Leighton
  • 'Ten Hours Until Dawn, by Michael J. Tougias
  • Marblehead: The Spirit of '76 Lives Here, by Priscilla Sawyer Lord (1972)

Literature influenced by Marblehead[edit]

  • Rabbi Small, by Harry Kemelman, takes place in the fictional town of Barnard's Crossing, a place based on Marblehead. Kemelman lived in Marblehead for 50 years.
  • The Jesse Stone novels: Robert B. Parker supposedly based the fictional town of Paradise, in which the novels take place, on Marblehead. Both Paradise and Marblehead are on the coast in Essex County, Cape Ann is visible from them, and each has an annual Race Week yachting event.
  • KingsportHorror and fantasy writer H. P. Lovecraft derived great inspiration from Marblehead. Following his first visit in December 1922, he retroactively reconfigured his fictional Kingsport in its own image. As of 1920, Kingsport was an unspecified location on Rhode Island, only mentioned in passing. Lovecraft likely based the name on that of Kingstown, R.I. Lovecraft regarded his experience of visiting Marblehead in 1922, however, as life-changing. Thereafter, he based his Kingsport on Marblehead.

Contemporary photographs of Marblehead[edit]

Voting history[edit]

At the presidential level, Marblehead leaned towards the Republican candidate in results tabulated from 1968 through 1988, but has since swung predominantly to the Democratic Party, as with many other communities in Massachusetts.

Marblehead town vote
by party in presidential elections[89]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 71.15% 10,128 26.63% 3,790 2.22% 318
2016 62.87% 8,111 29.14% 3,759 7.99% 1,031
2012 55.22% 6,991 43.52% 5,510 1.26% 159
2008 60.60% 7,513 37.58% 4,659 1.81% 225
2004 59.13% 7,140 39.38% 4,755 1.50% 181
2000 54.90% 6,486 37.60% 4,442 7.49% 886
1996 55.74% 6,497 36.32% 4,233 7.94% 925
1992 46.36% 5,844 33.61% 4,237 20.02% 2,524
1988 47.54% 5,858 51.31% 6,322 1.14% 141
1984 42.14% 5,122 57.76% 27,021 0.10% 12
1980 27.73% 3,415 49.04% 6,038 23.22% 2,860
1976[90] 38.96% 5,014 56.82% 7,311 4.22% 543
1972[91] 42.25% 5,396 55.89% 7,139 1.86% 238
1968[92] 48.09% 5,389 51.91% 5,816 2.27% 254

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Marblehead MA – Official Website". Town of Marblehead, Massachusetts. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Marblehead town, Essex County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary". Mass Audubon.
  4. ^ "Marblehead Magazine Marblehead's First Inhabitants by Donald A. Doliber". Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  5. ^ Perley, Sidney (1912). The Indian land titles of Essex County, Massachusetts. The Library of Congress. Salem, Mass. : Essex Book and Print Club.
  6. ^ See the History of Marblehead by Virginia Gamage
  7. ^ "Marblehead Carved Out of Salem".
  8. ^ "What Role Did the Marbleheaders Play in the Crossing? | Washington Crossing Historic Park". September 23, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  9. ^ "Population of the 24 Urban Places: 1790". United States Bureau of the Census. June 15, 1998. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
  10. ^ Howard, Hugh (2012). Houses of the Founding Fathers: The Men Who Made America and the Way They Lived. San Francisco, CA: Artisan Books. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-57965-510-5.
  11. ^ Drake, Samuel Adams (1991). Nooks and Corners of the New England Coast. Heritage Books. ISBN 978-1-55613-399-2.
  12. ^ "The National Grand Bank: A Brief History". Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  13. ^ Writer, Alan BurkeStaff (April 14, 2011). "On 150th anniversary of Civil War, Marblehead honors its contribution". Salem News. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  14. ^ "Airship glides along top of water, Marblehead Harbor". Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  15. ^ writer, Alan BurkeStaff (August 2, 2012). "Town marks 100 years of Marine Corps aviation". Gloucester Daily Times. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  16. ^ "Marblehead: The First Board Of Selectmen". Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c Roads, Samuel (1880). The history and traditions of Marblehead. The Library of Congress. Boston, Houghton, Osgood and company.
  18. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Marblehead town, Essex County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  19. ^ "Little Harbor Boathouse | Boston North Shore Kayak and Paddle Board Rentals, Programs and Sales - Little Harbor Boathouse".
  20. ^ Curtis, Dennis. Marblehead's Emerald Necklace 1839-2012.
  21. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather Data – NWS Boston". National Weather Service. Retrieved October 27, 2023.
  22. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Marblehead, MA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 27, 2023.
  23. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  24. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  25. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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