Marblehead, Ohio

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Marblehead, Ohio
Aerial view of the Marblehead Lighthouse and surrounding parts of the village
Aerial view of the Marblehead Lighthouse and surrounding parts of the village
Location of Marblehead, Ohio
Location of Marblehead, Ohio
Location of Marblehead in Ottawa County
Location of Marblehead in Ottawa County
Coordinates: 41°32′5″N 82°43′45″W / 41.53472°N 82.72917°W / 41.53472; -82.72917Coordinates: 41°32′5″N 82°43′45″W / 41.53472°N 82.72917°W / 41.53472; -82.72917
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyOttawa
TownshipDanbury
Government
 • MayorJacqueline Bird
Area
 • Total4.31 sq mi (11.16 km2)
 • Land3.31 sq mi (8.57 km2)
 • Water1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
Elevation627 ft (191 m)
Population
 • Total903
 • Estimate 
(2012[4])
900
 • Density272.8/sq mi (105.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
43440
Area code(s)419
FIPS code39-47502[5]
GNIS feature ID1065723[2]
The Marblehead Lighthouse at the end of the Marblehead Peninsula and the entrance to Sandusky Bay from Lake Erie.

Marblehead is a village in Ottawa County, Ohio, United States. The population was 903 at the 2010 census.

It sits at the tip of the Marblehead Peninsula,[6] which divides Lake Erie proper from Sandusky Bay. Marblehead is part of the area that is referred to regionally as Vacationland (which includes nearby Sandusky and the Lake Erie Islands), due to the large number of tourists who flock to the area in the summer months. It remains a popular vacation destination due to its lake frontage, ferry service to the Lake Erie Islands, quality sport fishery, the nearby Lakeside Chautauqua, and the Cedar Point amusement park.

Marblehead is home to the Marblehead Lighthouse, the oldest continuously-operating lighthouse on the American side of the Great Lakes. The lighthouse is a part of the Marblehead Lighthouse State Park located within the village.

Additionally, Marblehead is home to a United States Coast Guard station, and to the Marblehead Lighthouse, the oldest continuously operating lighthouse on the Great Lakes. Nearby, in Sandusky Bay, is Johnson's Island, a former Confederate officer POW camp during the Civil War.

Marblehead is also commercially important as a major limestone producer. The limestone is mined in nearby quarries and transported by conveyor belt to the Marblehead loading dock, where it is loaded on commercial lake freighters. The blocks of stone used to construct the Stannard Rock Light on Lake Superior were cut at Marblehead and hauled to the site from 1877 to 1881.[7]

Geography[edit]

Marblehead is located at 41°32′05″N 82°43′45″W / 41.534668°N 82.729119°W / 41.534668; -82.729119.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.31 square miles (11.16 km2), of which 3.31 square miles (8.57 km2) is land and 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900997
19101,17217.6%
19201,048−10.6%
19301,027−2.0%
1940915−10.9%
1950867−5.2%
1960858−1.0%
1970726−15.4%
1980679−6.5%
19907459.7%
20007622.3%
201090318.5%
Est. 2017890[9]−1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 903 people, 417 households, and 285 families residing in the village. The population density was 272.8 inhabitants per square mile (105.3/km2). There were 942 housing units at an average density of 284.6 per square mile (109.9/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 417 households of which 18.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 4.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.57.

The median age in the village was 55.7 years. 15.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 13.5% were from 25 to 44; 37.3% were from 45 to 64; and 28.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 762 people, 332 households, and 239 families residing in the village. The population density was 268.9 people per square mile (104.0/km2). There were 973 housing units at an average density of 343.3 per square mile (132.7/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.90% White, 0.26% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.66% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.

There were 332 households out of which 18.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.68.

In the village, the population was spread out with 16.9% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 19.3% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, and 24.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $46,528, and the median income for a family was $52,250. Males had a median income of $39,688 versus $24,545 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,184. About 3.0% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Marblehead, in addition to neighboring Danbury Township, is served by the Danbury Local School District. It operates one elementary school (Danbury Elementary), one middle school (Danbury Middle), and one high school (Danbury High).

Marblehead also contains the Marblehead Peninsula Branch of the Ida Rupp Public Library System.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Marblehead Peninsula
  7. ^ Oleszewski, Wes(1999), Lighthouse Adventures: Heroes, haunts, & havoc on the Great Lakes, pp. 21 - 37, Avery Color Studios, Inc, Gwinn, Michigan, USA, ISBN 1892384019
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External Links[edit]