The Marbot family originated from the province of Quercy, near what is now the department of Corrèze in south-western France. It is of noble origin, although its members do not precede their names with any title.
The Marbot family became influential at the beginning of the 17th century, becoming allied to and joining in the society of several of the more important families of the Quercy province. Its members engaged in activities related to commerce and law, which brought them considerable wealth, allowing them to acquire property and live from the income of their estates. 
As from the 18th century, many members of the Marbot family began to play an active role in the military, giving France numerous generals and naval officers. Others became closely linked to the colonial expansion of France, where they held various administrative positions until the gradual decline of the French empire, towards the beginning of the 20th century.
Marbot is the family name of the following persons:
- Alfred de Marbot (1812-1865), French painter
- Antoine Adolphe Marcelin Marbot (1781-1844), French general
- Charles Rémy Paul Marbot (1847- 1912), Commissioner in the French navy
- François-Achille Marbot (1817-1866), Chief administrator in the French navy, interim governor of Réunion
- Jean Antoine Marbot (1754-1800), French general and politician
- Jean Baptiste Antoine Marcellin de Marbot (1782-1854), French general
- Louis Marie Joseph Marbot (1878-1931), French engineer, developer of the Syrian railway network
- Pierre Jean Marbot (1783-1840), French navy officer
- René Marbot (b. 1922), Free French army officer, lawyer and businessman
- The Memoirs of General Baron de Marbot. Librairie Plon, Paris, 1891.
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