Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté
Marc-Aurele de Foy Suzor-Cote dans son atelier, version restored.jpg
Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Côté in his studio (McCord Museum)
Hypolite Wilfrid Marcaurèle Côté

April 6, 1869
DiedJanuary 29, 1937
EducationÉcole des Beaux-Arts in Paris with Léon Bonnat
Known forpainter, sculptor, and church decorator
SpouseMathilde Savard (m. 28 Nov. 1933)

Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté RCA (April 6, 1869 – January 29, 1937) was a French Canadian painter and sculptor. He was one of the first native-born Canadian artists whose works were directly influenced by French Impressionism and Post-Impressionism.


He was born in Arthabaska, Quebec in 1869 and his father was an artist. Suzor-Coté studied at the Collège du Sacré-Coeur, Arthabaska. He was a baritone, who studied music at the Conservatory of Music in Paris in 1890, but later in the 1890s, studied painting and sculpture at the École des Beaux-Arts with Léon Bonnat. At the school, he learned of the work of Swedish sculptor Carl Milles whose sculptures of indigenous people influenced him.[1] Three years later, after a visit home, he studied painting and sculpture at the Julian and Colarossi Academies.[2] He exhibited his first works in 1894 at the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français.[3] His first fully Impressionist paintings, with broken brushwork and bright colour, were made in Brittany in 1906.[4]

After his return to Quebec in 1908, he established a studio in Montreal creating paintings with classic interpretations of Canadian landscapes. He produced many Impressionist and even Post-Impressionist paintings of the Quebec landscape, as well as portraits, nudes, historical paintings and later, sculptures. In his paintings, he was most interested in the play of light on snow and water, leaving behind optical truth for visual innovations.[4]

He was made an Officer of the Academy of France in 1901 – an honour for a Canadian artist. He was also made a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts[5] and joined the progressive Canadian Art Club. There were numerous exhibitions of his work during his lifetime and afterwards such as the retrospective of his work organized by the Quebec government in 1929. In 2002, Suzor-Coté, 1869-1937: Light and Matter, co-organized by the Musée du Québec and the National Gallery of Canada, was circulated by the Musée du Québec. This first major retrospective of Suzor-Coté, the first in 75 years, brought together over 140 works.[6]

Suzor-Coté became paralyzed in 1927. In 1929, Suzor-Côté moved to Daytona Beach, Florida, where he died on 29 January 1937.


On 14 March 1969 Canada Post issued stamps based on Suzor-Coté's painting Return from the Harvest Field (1903) in the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. The 13-perforated 50¢ stamps with the inscription 'Suzor-Coté, 1869-1937' were printed by Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited.[7]

Selected works[edit]

He produced forty or fifty small bronze Impressionist figures and groups. As of 2020, the Suzor-Coté collection in Ottawa's National Gallery of Canada consists of twenty-eight paintings, ten sculptures and a number of drawings.[8] Return from the Harvest Field was acquired by the National Gallery in 1904.[9] Other Suzor-Coté works in Canada are to be found in Quebec City's Musée national des beaux-arts,[10] the RiverBrink Art Museum, and in private collections.



  1. ^ Tippett 2017, p. 117.
  2. ^ Reid, Dennis (2012). A Concise History of Canadian Painting (Third ed.). Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press. p. 107. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  3. ^ Lacroix, Laurier. "SUZOR-COTÉ, MARC-AURÈLE DE FOY". / Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  4. ^ a b Foss, Brian (2010). "Painting, c. 1890-1914". The Visual Arts in Canada: the Twentieth Century. Foss, Brian., Paikowsky, Sandra., Whitelaw, Anne (eds.). Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-19-542125-5. OCLC 432401392.
  5. ^ "Members since 1880". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  6. ^ "Suzor Coté: Light and Matter". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 2020-09-06.
  7. ^ Canada Post stamp
  8. ^ "Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté". National Gallery of Canada. 2020. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  9. ^ "Return from the Harvest Field". National Gallery of Canada. 2020. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  10. ^ "Collections | Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec". Retrieved 2019-02-04.


External links[edit]