Marc David Lewis

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Marc David Lewis (born 1951) is a developmental neuroscientist known for dynamic systems approaches to understanding the development of emotions and personality. He is currently a professor at the Radboud University in Nijmegen in the Netherlands.

Career[edit]

Marc Lewis received his Ph.D. in applied psychology at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto in 1989.[1] He was supervised by Robbie Case and can trace his academic lineage back to Jean Piaget through Case's mentor Juan Pascual Leone. From this neo-Piagetian origin, Marc Lewis began investigating cognition-emotion interactions: the influence of cognitive development on emotional and personality development, and the influence of emotion on cognitive and personality development, as a professor at the University of Toronto. This early theory and research led Lewis to incorporate the dynamic systems approaches to development that were emerging in the early 1990s.[2] Following the work of Esther Thelen, Paul van Geert, Alan Fogel, and others, Lewis developed an integrated account of development as self-organization at multiple time scales to explain both the stability and change of emotional aspects of personality.[3]

Through a sabbatical at the University of Oregon in 2000-2001, Lewis took the next step in developing his integrated model by delving into the neural underpinnings of emotion regulation.[4] His current research program tests this model by examining brain and behavior in normal and clinically referred children and assessing neural changes corresponding with successful treatment.[5] His papers on the contribution of dynamic systems theory and affective neuroscience to understanding human development and clinical syndromes have appeared in journals such as Child Development, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Development and Psychopathology, and Perspectives on Psychological Science. He has also co-authored two books with his wife, Dr. Isabela Granic[permanent dead link]. The first is an edited volume of dynamic systems approaches to emotional development.[6] The second is a guide for parents about when to attempt sleep training with toddlers.
Dr. Lewis' most recent book, Memoirs of an Addicted Brain, is an account of his addiction to drugs as a young man with accompanying explanations of the neurobiological processes underlying various drug experiences as well as the process of addiction itself.[7]

Theoretical Model of Emotional Development[edit]

Lewis' theory of emotional development relates multiple time scales using characteristics of self-organizing dynamic systems as causal mechanisms.[3][6][8] This theoretical model relates the moment-to-moment emotional experiences in real time to the moods that persist for longer stretches at a middle or meso-time scale. These events consolidate through the strengthening or pruning of brain connections to become the habits and tendencies of personality at a developmental time scale of years. A further extension of this model incorporated the evolutionary time scale in an attempt to resolve the dispute about whether basic emotions are "natural kinds".[9]

Bibliography[edit]

Books
  • Lewis, M. D., & Granic, I. (Eds.) (2000). Emotion, development, and self-organization: Dynamic systems approaches to emotional development. New York: Cambridge University Press.[10]
  • Lewis, M. D., & Granic, I. (2009). Bedtiming: The when-to guide to helping your child to sleep. Toronto: HarperCollins.[11]
  • Lewis, M.D. (2011) Memoirs of an Addicted Brain. Toronto: Doubleday Canada.[12]
  • Lewis, Marc David (2015). The biology of desire : why addiction is not a disease. Scribe.
Articles
  • Lewis, M. D. (1996). "Self-organising cognitive appraisals". Cognition and Emotion, 10, 1-25.
  • Lewis, M. D., Lamey, A. V., & Douglas, L. (1999). "A new dynamic systems method for the analysis of early socioemotional development". Developmental Science, 2, 458-476.
  • Lewis, M. D. (2000). "The promise of dynamic systems approaches for an integrated account of human development". Child Development, 71, 36-43. (Special issue on New Directions for Child Development in the Twenty-First Century)
  • Lewis, M. D., & Stieben, J. (2004). "Emotion regulation in the brain: Conceptual issues and directions for developmental research". Child Development, 75, 371-376.
  • Lewis, M. D. (2005). "Bridging emotion theory and neurobiology through dynamic systems modeling" (target article). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 169-194.
  • Lewis, M. D., & Todd, R. M. (2007). "The self-regulating brain: Cortical-subcortical feedback and the development of intelligent action". Cognitive Development, 22, 406-430.
  • Lewis, M. D., & Liu, Z. (2011). "Three time scales of neural self-organization underlying basic and nonbasic emotions". Emotion Review, 3, 416–423.
Critical studies and reviews of Lewis' work
  • Ahmed, Tanveer (Jan–Feb 2016). "Brain teasers". Quadrant. 60 (1–2): 82–84.CS1 maint: Date format (link) Review of The biology of desire.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Curriculum Vitae: M. D. Lewis, July 2011. http://home.oise.utoronto.ca/~mlewis/LewisCV.pdf
  2. ^ Lewis, M. D. (2000). "The promise of dynamic systems approaches for an integrated account of human development". Child Development, 71, 36-43.
  3. ^ a b Lewis, M. D., & Liu, Z. (2011). "Three time scales of neural self-organization underlying basic and nonbasic emotions". Emotion Review, 3, 416–423.
  4. ^ *Lewis, M. D., & Stieben, J. (2004). "Emotion regulation in the brain: Conceptual issues and directions for developmental research". Child Development, 75, 371-376.
  5. ^ Lewis, M. D., Granic, I., Lamm, C., Zelazo, P. D., Stieben, J., Todd, R. M., Moadab, I., & Pepler, D. (2008). "Changes in the neural bases of emotion regulation associated with clinical improvement in children with behavior problems". Development and Psychopathology, 20, 913-939.
  6. ^ a b Lewis, M. D., & Granic, I. (Eds.) (2000). Emotion, development, and self-organization: Dynamic systems approaches to emotional development. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  7. ^ Lewis, M.D. (2011) Memoirs of an Addicted Brain. Toronto: Doubleday Canada.
  8. ^ Lewis, M. D. (1996). "Self-organising cognitive appraisals". Cognition and Emotion, 10, 1-25.
  9. ^ Barrett, L. F. (2006). "Emotions as natural kinds?". Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 28-58.
  10. ^ (http://www.cambridge.org/ca/knowledge/isbn/item1149888/?site_locale=en_CA)
  11. ^ (http://www.harpercollins.ca/books/Bed-Timing/?isbn=9781554680474)
  12. ^ (http://www.memoirsofanaddictedbrain.com/)

External links[edit]