Marcel Cerdan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Marcel Cerdan
Marcel Cerdan.jpg
Statistics
Real nameMarcellin Cerdan
Nickname(s)Le bombardier marocain (The Moroccan Bomber)
Casablanca Clouter
Weight(s)Middleweight
NationalityFrench
Born22 July 1916
Sidi Bel Abbès, French Algeria (now Algeria)
Died28 October 1949(1949-10-28) (aged 33)
São Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal
StanceOrthodox
Boxing record
Total fights117
Wins113
Wins by KO66
Losses4
Draws0
No contests0

Marcellin "Marcel" Cerdan (French pronunciation: ​[maʁsɛl sɛʁdɑ̃]; 22 July 1916 – 28 October 1949[1]) was a French professional boxer and world middleweight champion who was considered by many boxing experts and fans to be France's greatest boxer, and beyond to be one of the best to have learned his craft in Africa. His life was marked by his sporting achievements, social lifestyle and ultimately, tragedy, being killed in an airplane crash.

Early life[edit]

Marcellin Cerdan was born at 9:00pm on 22 July 1916 in the "Little Paris" neighbourhood of Sidi Bel Abbès in Algeria. He was the fourth son of Antonio Cerdán (1880-1946), a day labourer, and Asunción Cascales (1886-1942), pied-noirs of Spanish origin.[2]

Boxing career[edit]

Marcel Cerdan on a 1969 UAE stamp

He began boxing professionally on 4 November 1934 in Meknes, Morocco, beating Marcel Bucchianeri by a decision in six rounds. Cerdan then ran a streak of 47 wins in a row between that first bout and 4 January 1939, when he lost for the first time, to Harry Craster by a disqualification in five rounds in London. Cerdan campaigned heavily in the French territories of Algeria and Morocco during that part of his career, as well as in metropolitan France. In 1938, he beat Omar Kouidri in a 12-round decision at Casablanca to claim the French welterweight title.

After his first loss, Cerdan recorded five consecutive wins, which led him to challenge Saviello Turiello for Europe's welterweight title in Milan, Italy. He won the European title by a decision in 15 rounds to continue his ascent towards the championship (back then, it was considered essential to own at least a Continental title belt to earn a world title shot; nowadays, it is not considered as important).

Cerdan's winning streak eventually reached 23 bouts before he suffered a defeat to Victor Buttin by disqualification for a second time, in eight rounds in Algiers in 1942. They would later re-match in 1945, and Cerdan would avenge the defeat by knocking Buttin out in the third round.

For his next bout after the first fight with Buttin though, Cerdan put his title on the line against José Ferrer (namesake of the Hollywood star). He knocked out Ferrer in one round,[3] and won four more bouts in a row before facing another boxer with a namesake: James Toney, who shared that name with another boxer who would become world Middleweight champion five decades later. Cerdan knocked out Toney in two rounds to keep this new winning streak alive. The new streak would reach 37 wins. In between, he joined the American allies in World War II during 1944, and he won the Inter-Allied Championship.

He also went up in weight to the Middleweight division, and won the French title by beating Assane Douf by a knockout in three rounds. He later claimed the vacant European title by beating Léon Foquet by a knockout in one round. He retained that title a couple of times before losing it to rugged Belgian Cyrille Delannoit by a decision in 15 at Brussels, Belgium. Soon, he went back to Belgium and re-took the title by beating Delannoit, also by decision.

Finally, after the rematch with Delannoit, Cerdan was given a world title opportunity and he travelled to the United States, where he beat World Middleweight champion Tony Zale.[4] Cerdan became a world champion by knocking Zale out in the 12th round in Roosevelt Stadium, Jersey City, New Jersey on 21 September 1948.

Death and fame[edit]

During his short period as a world champion, Cerdan became a popular figure of the Paris scene. Although married with three children, he had an affair with the famous singer Édith Piaf. The affair lasted from summer 1948 until his death in autumn 1949. They were very devoted to each other and Piaf dedicated one of her most famous songs, Hymne à l'amour, to Cerdan.

For his first defense Cerdan returned to the United States, where he fought Jake LaMotta in Detroit. Cerdan was knocked down in round one, his shoulder was dislocated, and he had to give up after the tenth round.[5] It would be the last fight of Cerdan's life. A contract was signed for a rematch and Cerdan went to training camp for it, but before camp began he boarded an Air France flight to visit Piaf in New York, where she was singing. The Lockheed L-749 Constellation crashed into Monte Redondo (São Miguel Island, Azores), killing all 11 crew members and 37 passengers on board, including Cerdan and the famous French violinist Ginette Neveu, while approaching the intermediate stop airport at Santa Maria.[6][7] Days later, LaMotta lauded Cerdan as a great sportsman.[8] Cerdan was interred in the Cimetière du Sud, Perpignan, Pyrénées- Orientales, France.

Legacy[edit]

Cerdan's record was 113 wins and 4 losses, with 66 wins by knockout.[9]

He is a member, along with LaMotta and Zale, of the International Boxing Hall of Fame.

In 1983, Cerdan and Piaf had their lives turned into a big screen biography by Claude Lelouch. The film, Édith et Marcel, starred Marcel Cerdan, Jr. in the role of his father and Évelyne Bouix as Piaf. He is portrayed by actor Jean-Pierre Martins in the 2007 Piaf biopic La Môme (entitled La Vie en Rose in English-speaking countries).

In 1991, a sports arena, the Palais des sports Marcel-Cerdan, was named in his honor.



Professional boxing record[edit]

Professional record summary
114 fights 110 wins 4 losses
By knockout 65 1
By decision 45 1
By disqualification 0 2
No. Result Record Opponent Type Round, time Date Location Notes
114 Loss 110–4 United States Jake LaMotta RTD 9 (15) Jun 16, 1949 United States Briggs Stadium, Detroit Lost NBA, The Ring, and lineal middleweight titles
113 Win 110–3 France Lucien Krawczyk KO 4 (10) May 08, 1949 Morocco Stade Philip, Casablanca
112 Win 109–3 United Kingdom Dick Turpin KO 7 (10) Mar 29, 1949 United Kingdom Earls Court Empress Hall, Kensington
111 Win 108–3 United States Tony Zale RTD 11 (15) Sep 21, 1948 United States Roosevelt Stadium, Jersey City Won NBA, The Ring, and lineal middleweight titles
1948 Ring Magazine Fight of the Year
110 Win 107–3 Belgium Cyrille Delannoit PTS 15 Jul 10, 1948 Belgium Palais des Sports, Brussels Won European middleweight title
109 Loss 106–3 Belgium Cyrille Delannoit PTS 15 May 23, 1948 Belgium Heizel Stadium, Brussels Lost European middleweight title
108 Win 106–2 France Lucien Krawczyk PTS 10 Mar 25, 1948 France Palais des Sports, Paris
107 Win 105–2 United States Lavern Roach TKO 8 (10) Mar 12, 1948 United States Madison Square Garden, New York
106 Win 104–2 France Jean Walzack KO 4 (15) Feb 09, 1948 France Palais des Sports, Paris Retained European middleweight title
105 Win 103–2 Italy Giovanni Manca KO 2 (15) Jan 26, 1948 France Palais des Sports, Paris Retained European middleweight title
104 Win 102–2 Estonia Anton Raadik UD 10 Oct 31, 1947 United States Chicago Stadium, Chicago
103 Win 101–2 United States Billy Walker TKO 1 (10) Oct 07, 1947 Canada Forum, Montreal
102 Win 100–2 United States Harold Green TKO 2 (10) Mar 28, 1947 United States Madison Square Garden, New York
101 Win 99–2 United Kingdom Bert Gilroy KO 4 (10) Feb 11, 1947 United Kingdom Seymour Hall, Marylebone
100 Win 98–2 Belgium Leon Fouquet KO 1 (15) Feb 02, 1947 France Parc des Expositions, Paris Won vacant European middleweight title
99 Win 97–2 United States Georgie Abrams UD 10 Dec 06, 1946 United States Madison Square Garden, New York
98 Win 96–2 Poland Jean Pankowiak KO 5 (10) Oct 20, 1946 France Stade de la Croix de Berny, Antony
97 Win 95–2 United States Holman Williams PTS 10 Jul 07, 1946 France Stade Roland Garros, Paris
96 Win 94–2 France Robert Charron PTS 12 May 25, 1946 France Parc des Princes, Paris
95 Win 93–2 France Joe Brun KO 2 (10) Apr 14, 1946 France Nice
94 Win 92–2 France Jose Ferrer KO 4 (10) Feb 24, 1946 Spain Plaza de Toros Monumental, Barcelona
93 Win 91–2 France Edouard Tenet PTS 12 Jan 18, 1946 France Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris
92 Win 90–2 Portugal Agostinho Guedes KO 1 (10) Jan 12, 1946 Portugal Coliseu dos Recreios, Lisbon
91 Win 89–2 France Victor Buttin KO 3 (10) Dec 08, 1945 France Saint-Etienne
90 Win 88–2 Senegal Assane Diouf KO 3 (12) Nov 30, 1945 France Palais des Sports, Paris
89 Win 87–2 United Kingdom Tommy Davies KO 1 (10) Oct 19, 1945 France Palais des Sports, Paris
88 Win 86–2 France Edouard Tenet PTS 10 Jun 23, 1945 France Stade de la Croix de Berny, Antony
87 Win 85–2 Italy Oscar Menozzi KO 3 (10) Jun 03, 1945 France Arènes du Rond-Point du Prado, Marseille
86 Win 84–2 France Jean Despeaux KO 5 (10) May 13, 1945 France Stade de la Croix-de-Bernay, Paris
85 Win 83–2 United States Joe Brun TKO 7 (10) Mar 09, 1945 France Palais des Sports, Paris
84 Win 82–2 United States Ralph Burnley TKO 2 (3) Dec 16, 1944 Italy Brancaccio Theatre, Roma
83 Win 81–2 United States Floyd Gibson PTS 3 Dec 14, 1944 Italy Brancaccio Theatre, Roma
82 Win 80–2 United States Clint Perry KO 1 (3) Dec 12, 1944 Italy Brancaccio Theatre, Roma
81 Win 79–2 Morocco Bouaya KO 1 (10) Oct 21, 1944 Morocco Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
80 Win 78–2 United States Joe DiMartino TKO 1 (3) Feb 19, 1944 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
79 Win 77–2 United States Sammy Adragna PTS 3 Feb 17, 1944 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
78 Win 76–2 United States Harold Drouhin KO 1 (3) Feb 15, 1944 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
77 Win 75–2 United States Willie Sampson KO 2 (10) Jan 30, 1944 Morocco Stade Philip, Casablanca
76 Win 74–2 United States Larry Cisneros KO 2 (10) Dec 29, 1943 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
75 Win 73–2 United States James Toney TKO 2 (?) Dec 26, 1943 Algeria Stade Camp Saint-Philippe, Oran
74 Win 72–2 Morocco Bulldog Milano KO 2 (10) Oct 30, 1943 Morocco Stade Philip, Casablanca
73 Win 71–2 United States Larry Cisneros KO 6 (10) Oct 10, 1943 Algeria Stade Camp Saint-Philippe, Orans
72 Win 70–2 France Omar Kouidri PTS 10 Sep 12, 1943 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
71 Win 69–2 Algeria John McCoy KO 2 (10) Aug 08, 1943 Algeria Stade Petain, Oran
70 Win 68–2 Spain Jose Ferrer TKO 1 (15) Sep 30, 1942 France Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris Retained European welterweight title
69 Loss 67–2 France Victor Buttin DQ 8 (10) Aug 15, 1942 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers Cerdan, who had floored his opponent five times, was disqualified for hitting low.
68 Win 67–1 Switzerland Fernand Frely TKO 3 (10) Aug 02, 1942 France Marseille
67 Win 66–1 France Victor Jana TKO 2 (10) Jul 25, 1942 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
66 Win 65–1 Belgium Gaspard Deridder KO 1 (10) Jun 28, 1942 France Grand Palais, Paris
65 Win 64–1 France Fernand Viez PTS 10 May 17, 1942 France Grand Palais, Paris
64 Win 63–1 France Gustave Humery KO 1 (10) Apr 26, 1942 France Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris
63 Win 62–1 Switzerland Fred Flury TKO 7 (10) Feb 21, 1942 France Palais des Fêtes et des Expositions, Nice
62 Win 61–1 Switzerland Roby Seidel TKO 3 (10) Dec 31, 1941 France Grand Casino, Vichy
61 Win 60–1 France Roland Coureau TKO 9 (10) Sep 13, 1941 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
60 Win 59–1 France Joe Brun TKO 2 (10) Jul 20, 1941 France Oran
59 Win 58–1 France Francois Blanchard KO 6 (10) Jun 22, 1941 France Arènes du Rond-Point du Prado, Marseille
58 Win 57–1 Algeria Omar Kouidri RTD 6 (15) May 05, 1941 Algeria Oran Retained European welterweight title
57 Win 56–1 France Victor Fortes RTD 2 (10) Apr 13, 1941 Algeria Oran
56 Win 55–1 France Victor Janas PTS 10 Mar 09, 1941 Morocco Stade Philip, Casablanca
55 Win 54–1 France Victor Fortes RTD 7 (10) Feb 02, 1941 Algeria Foyer Civic, Algiers
54 Win 53–1 France Young Raymond RTD 6 (10) Jan 26, 1941 Morocco Stade Philip, Casablanca
53 Win 52–1 France Young Raymond KO 1 (10) Jan 19, 1941 Algeria Foyer Civic, Algiers
52 Win 51–1 Switzerland Cleto Locatelli PTS 10 Jun 16, 1939 France Arènes du Rond-Point du Prado, Marseille
51 Win 50–1 Italy Saverio Turiello PTS 15 Jun 03, 1939 Italy Arènes du Rond-Point du Prado, Marseille Won European welterweight title
50 Win 49–1 France Roger Cadot TKO 6 (12) May 21, 1939 France Arènes du Rond-Point du Prado, Marseille
49 Win 48–1 Belgium Felix Wouters PTS 12 Mar 22, 1939 Belgium Palais des Sports, Brussels
48 Win 47–1 Italy Saverio Turiello PTS 12 Feb 20, 1939 France Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris
47 Win 46–1 Belgium Al Baker TKO 7 (10) Feb 04, 1939 Belgium Palais des Sports, Brussels
46 Win 45–1 Italy Ercole Buratti PTS 10 Jan 21, 1939 Algeria Automobile Hall, Algiers
45 Loss 44–1 United Kingdom Harry Craster DQ 5 (10) Jan 09, 1939 United Kingdom Earls Court Empress Hall, Kensington Low Blow
44 Win 44–0 France Omar Kouidri PTS 12 Nov 24, 1938 France Salle Wagram, Paris
43 Win 43–0 Germany Alfred Katter KO 5 (10) Nov 10, 1938 France Salle Wagram, Paris
42 Win 42–0 Italy Amedeo Deyana PTS 10 Oct 27, 1938 France Salle Wagram, Paris
41 Win 41–0 Belgium Al Baker PTS 10 Sep 15, 1938 France Salle Wagram, Paris
40 Win 40–0 France Victor Deckmyn PTS 10 Jul 03, 1938 Algeria Arenes d'Eckmühl, Oran
39 Win 39–0 France Jean Morin PTS 10 Jun 04, 1938 Algeria Automobile Hall, Algiers
38 Win 38–0 France Gustave Humery KO 6 (12) May 20, 1938 France Palais des Sports, Paris
37 Win 37–0 Italy Cleto Locatelli PTS 12 May 05, 1938 France Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris
36 Win 36–0 Czech Republic Eduard Hrabak PTS 10 Aug 13, 1938 France Palais des Sports, Paris
35 Win 35–0 France Charles Pernot PTS 10 Mar 04, 1938 Algeria Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers
34 Win 34–0 France Omar Kouidri PTS 12 Feb 21, 1938 Morocco Vox, Casablanca
33 Win 33–0 France Jean Zides TKO 9 (10) Jan 20, 1938 France Salle Wagram, Paris
32 Win 32–0 Latvia Eddie Ran KO 2 (10) Jan 13, 1938 France Salle Wagram, Paris
31 Win 31–0 Serbia Charles Fedorowich TKO 2 (10) Jan 06, 1938 France Salle Wagram, Paris
30 Win 30–0 Morocco Max Ifergane PTS 10 Dec 18, 1937 Morocco Rabat
29 Win 29–0 France Jean Morin PTS 10 Oct 21, 1937 France Salle Wagram, Paris
28 Win 28–0 France Louis Jampton PTS 10 Oct 07, 1937 France Salle Wagram, Paris
27 Win 27–0 Czech Republic Eduard Hrabak KO 6 (10) Sep 13, 1937 Morocco Vox, Casablanca
26 Win 26–0 Algeria Kid Marcel PTS 10 Aug 22, 1937 Algeria Oran
25 Win 25–0 Algeria Ali Omar TKO 5 (10) Jul 03, 1937 Algeria Hall de la Foire, Algiers
24 Win 24–0 France Omar Kouidri PTS 10 Apr 03, 1937 Algeria Salle de l'Agriculture, Algiers
23 Win 23–0 France Omar Kouidri PTS 10 Mar 02, 1937 Morocco Rabat
22 Win 22–0 Algeria Maurice Naudin TKO 3 (10) Jan 30, 1937 Algeria Hall de la Foire, Algiers
21 Win 21–0 Algeria Aissa Attaff RTD 8 (10) Jan 16, 1937 Morocco Central Ring, Algiers
20 Win 20–0 France Jean Debeaumont PTS 10 Nov 21, 1936 Morocco Pavillon Bleu, Casablanca
19 Win 19–0 Algeria Aissa Attaf KO 1 (10) Nov 08, 1936 Algeria Salle Mazella, Algiers
18 Win 18–0 Spain Primo Rubio PTS 10 Oct 17, 1936 Morocco La Manutention, Casablanca
17 Win 17–0 Algeria Al Francis KO 6 (10) Aug 02, 1936 Algeria Arenes d'Eckmühl, Oran
16 Win 16–0 Spain Mariano Castillanos PTS 10 Jun 06, 1936 Morocco Pavillon Bleu, Casablanca
15 Win 15–0 Morocco Kid Abadie KO 3 (10) May 27, 1936 Morocco Pavillon Bleu, Casablanca
14 Win 14–0 Morocco M Ricardo TKO 5 (10) May 23, 1936 Morocco Casablanca
13 Win 13–0 United Kingdom Joseph Martinez TKO 9 (10) Apr 11, 1936 Morocco Taza
12 Win 12–0 Morocco Max Ifergane PTS 10 Apr 07, 1936 Morocco Pavillon Bleu, Casablanca
11 Win 11–0 Morocco Antoine Abad PTS 10 Mar 04, 1936 Morocco Pavillon Bleu, Casablanca
10 Win 10–0 Morocco Mak Perez PTS 10 Dec 14, 1935 Morocco Casablanca
9 Win 9–0 Morocco Mak Perez PTS 10 Nov 23, 1935 Morocco Salle des Fetes du Maarif, Casablanca
8 Win 8–0 Spain Francisco Mestres PTS 10 Aug 03, 1935 Morocco Roland Garros- Marocain, Casablanca
7 Win 7–0 Algeria Joseph Sarfati PTS 10 Jul 19, 1935 Morocco Roland Garros- Marocain, Casablanca
6 Win 6–0 Morocco Mak Perez RTD 2 (10) Jul 05, 1935 Morocco Roland Garros- Marocain, Casablanca
5 Win 5–0 Morocco Max Privat RTD 5 (10) Apr 13, 1935 Morocco Cirque Melburn, Casablanca
4 Win 4–0 Morocco Leon Benazra PTS 10 Apr 13, 1935 Morocco Cirque Melburn, Casablanca
3 Win 3–0 Morocco Perez III PTS 10 Feb 06, 1935 Morocco Cirque Melburn, Casablanca
2 Win 2–0 Morocco Leon Benazra RTD 5 (6) Nov 12, 1934 Morocco Meknes
1 Win 1–0 France Marcel Bucchianeri PTS 6 Nov 10, 1934 Morocco Meknes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Birth and death certificate". Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
  2. ^ Systems, eZ. "Les origines familiales de Marcel Cerdan". La revue française de Généalogie (in French). Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  3. ^ Marcel Cerdan vs José Ferrer in 1942 on YouTube
  4. ^ "The Lineal Middleweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
  5. ^ Marcel Cerdan vs Jake LaMotta in 1949 on YouTube
  6. ^ Lockheed L-749-79-46 Constellation F-BAZN's accident description and causes (Flight Safety Foundation). Aviation-safety.net (28 October 1949). Retrieved on 6 August 2014.
  7. ^ Marcel Cerdan's tragic disappearance (1949) Archived 23 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine – Marcel Cerdan Heritage
  8. ^ LaMotta lauds Cerdan for great sportsmanship. News.google.com (28 October 1949). Retrieved on 6 August 2014.
  9. ^ Marcel Cerdan official website: Biography – scorecard (French: biographie – son palmarès) Archived 2 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Regional boxing titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Jupp Besselmann
European Middleweight Champion
February 2, 1947 – May 23, 1948
Succeeded by
Cyrille Dellanoit
Preceded by
Cyrille Dellanoit
European Middleweight Champion
July 10 – September 21, 1948
Won world title
Vacant
Title next held by
Cyrille Dellanoit
World boxing titles
Preceded by
Tony Zale
World Middleweight Champion
21 September 1948 – 16 June 1949
Succeeded by
Jake LaMotta
Status (all weights)
Preceded by
Benny Lynch
Fly
Latest born world champion to die
October 29, 1949 – April 3, 1962
Succeeded by
Benny Paret
Welter
Middleweight status
Preceded by
Tiger Flowers
Latest born world champion to die
October 29, 1949 – December 14, 1971
Succeeded by
Randolph Turpin