Marcel Tabuteau

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Marcel Tabuteau
M Tabuteau.jpg
Marcel Tabuteau in 1915
Background information
Born(1887-07-02)July 2, 1887
Compiègne, Oise, France
DiedJanuary 4, 1966(1966-01-04) (aged 78)
Occupation(s)Curtis Institute of Music teacher
InstrumentsOboe
Associated actsPhiladelphia Orchestra

Marcel Tabuteau (2 July 1887 – 4 January 1966) was a French-American oboist who is considered the founder of the American school of oboe playing.

Life[edit]

Tabuteau was born in Compiègne, Oise, France, and given a post in the city's municipal wind band at age eleven. He then studied at the Conservatoire de Paris with the legendary oboist Georges Gillet.

Walter Damrosch brought Tabuteau, together with French musicians flutist Georges Barrère, bassoonist Auguste Mesnard, clarinetist Leon Leroy and Belgian trumpeter Adolphe Dubois to New York in 1905 to play in his New York Symphony Orchestra. Damrosch was fined by the musicians' union for not advertising for musicians from New York, but the emigrating musicians were allowed to stay.[1][2] In 1906 Tabuteau returned to France to complete his three years of compulsory military service as a French citizen, and served as a military musician in the regimental band of the 45th Infantry Regiment in Compiègne. A French law that had been enacted on July 11, 1892 gave special consideration to graduates of the Conservatoire, allowing him to be demobilized after just one year of service. He returned to the United States in 1907 and the union again tried to have him expelled, on the grounds that there had been a break in his US residence since filing his first citizenship papers. The union was unsuccessful and Tabuteau became a US citizen in 1912.

Tabuteau served as principal oboist of the Philadelphia Orchestra from 1915 to 1954 under Leopold Stokowski and Eugene Ormandy, and just as importantly, taught in Philadelphia at the Curtis Institute of Music. There his classes included Oboe, Woodwind and String Ensembles, Orchestral Winds/Percussion Class, and combined ensembles. He taught at Curtis from 1925 until his retirement in 1954.

Tabuteau caricature.jpg

Legacy[edit]

During the thirty years during which Tabuteau taught at the Curtis Institute of Music, he came to exercise a decisive influence on the standards of oboe playing in the whole United States, as well as raising the level of woodwind achievement in general. Nor was the impact of his teaching confined to winds alone, as the many string players and pianists who attended his classes will testify.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [no author cited], "Damrosch Fined $1,000; Didn't Consult Union", The New York Times, June 1, 1905.
  2. ^ Shilkret, Nathaniel, ed. Shell, Niel and Barbara Shilkret, Nathaniel Shilkret: Sixty Years in the Music Business, Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, 2005, p. 27; see also caption to centerfold picture of Henri Leon Leroy. ISBN 0-8108-5128-8
  3. ^ Marcel Tabuteau, profile written by Laila Storch and published by To the World's Oboists by the International Double Reed Society, Boulder, Colorado

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Marcel Tabuteau, profile written by Laila Storch and published in To the World's Oboists by the International Double Reed Society
  • Marcel Tabuteau First Hand, a comprehensive website containing first-hand documentation of the teachings, performances, career and daily life of Marcel Tabuteau.
  • A Little Garlic, an article about Marcel Tabuteau in Time magazine, Nov. 20, 1939.