Marcelino Oreja, 1st Marquis of Oreja
This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Marcelino Oreja y Aguirre, 1st Marquis of Oreja (born 13 February 1935) is a Spanish lawyer, diplomat and politician of the People's Party. He served as Foreign Minister of Spain between 1976 and 1980. Between 1984 and 1989 he was Secretary General of the Council of Europe. In 1989 he became member of the European Parliament and he served until 1993. In 1994 he was appointed European Commissioner for Transport and Energy and then European Commissioner for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy.
Oreja was born on 13 February 1935 in Madrid, his father was Marcelino Oreja Elósegui.
He served as Spanish minister of foreign affairs from 1976 to 1980, during which time he signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at the United Nations and was responsible for Spain joining the Council of Europe.
He was Secretary General of the Council of Europe from 1984 to 1989.
In 1994 he was appointed European Commissioner for Transport and Energy and then European Commissioner for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy.
At the end of his mandate, he retired from political life, returning to Spain. He continued to be active in many fields, being appointed Head of the Institute for European Studies at the CEU San Pablo University Foundation, Vice-Chair of the BBV Foundation (1996) and Doctor Honoris Causa at Zaragoza and Seville Universities (1996).
He is a member of the Spanish Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (RACMP) and the Spanish Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation (RAJL).
On 8 April 2010 he was made Marquis of Oreja.
- "Commission Member Biographies". Independent Commission on Turkey. British Council and the Open Society Foundation–Turkey. 2009. Archived from the original on 13 September 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2009.
- "Marcelino Oreja Aguirre". European Parliament. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Biography of Marcelino Oreja Aguirre" (PDF). CVCE.eu. 10 September 2012. p. 2. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- R., Juan Carlos (9 April 2010). Caamaño Domínguez, Francisco (ed.). "Real Decreto 430/2010, de 8 de abril, por el que se concede el título de Marqués de Oreja a don Marcelino Oreja Aguirre" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (86): 32247. ISSN 0212-033X. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
The Count of Motrico
| Minister of Foreign Affairs
7 July 1976 – 8 September 1980
José Pedro Pérez-Llorca