Salas in 2015
|Full name||José Marcelo Salas Melinao|
|Date of birth||24 December 1974|
|Place of birth||Temuco, Chile|
|Height||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)|
|1992–1993||Universidad de Chile|
|1993–1996||Universidad de Chile||77||(50)|
|2003–2004||→ River Plate (loan)||17||(6)|
|2005–2008||Universidad de Chile||82||(37)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
José Marcelo Salas Melinao (born 24 December 1974 in Temuco), dubbed as El Matador (due to his goalscoring celebrations), El Fenómeno, and Shileno, is a retired Chilean footballer who played as a striker.
He has played in Chile, Argentina and Italy and has won titles for whom he has played, and was voted South American Footballer of the Year in 1997. A powerful and tenacious forward, with good technique, who was well for known his deft touch with his left foot as well as his aerial ability, Salas had a prolific goalscoring record, and is the all-time top goalscorer for the Chilean national team. He appeared for the team at the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France, where he scored four goals in four matches. As well as that World Cup, Salas played for Chile at two Copa América tournaments.
Universidad de Chile
Salas was a youth product of the Deportes Temuco youth team until his father took him to Santiago de Chile to be incorporated into Universidad de Chile, the Chilean club with the highest average attendance in the country.
Salas made his debut playing for Universidad de Chile in 1993 and became a starter on 4 January 1994 against Cobreloa where he would also score a goal. Salas helped the team win back to back titles in 1994 and 1995 leaving a trail of 74 goals which included a strong 1996 campaign in the Copa Libertadores.
Later in 1996, Salas moved on to Argentina to play with River Plate of the Argentine first division, a move that was met with some criticism by the Argentine press as a Chile born player had never really had an impact playing in Argentina. The move was also criticised by Argentine great Diego Maradona as Salas was scouted by arch rival Boca Juniors prior to joining River. Salas quickly silenced his critics and won over Argentine fans, as a major contributor to one of the club's greatest runs ever. From 1996–1998 Salas scored 26 goals in 51 games, helping River to win the Torneo de Apertura 1996, the Clausura 1997, the Apertura 1997 and the 1997 Supercopa Sudamericana. These accomplishments would cement his legacy in Argentina as one of its greatest foreign born players earning the nickname, "El shileno (sic) Salas".
Lazio and Juventus
Salas played in Italy for five years, three with S.S. Lazio (1998–2001), a key catalyst in helping turn around a Lazio team that hadn't won a Scudetto since the 1973–1974 season. His first Serie A appearance was on 4 October 1998. He scored his first goal playing for Lazio a few days later against Inter. With Lazio he won an Italian cup, a Cup Winners' Cup and a European Super Cup, scoring the match's only goal in the latter, in a 1–0 win over Manchester United. In 2001 he was transferred to Juventus (for cash plus Darko Kovačević) where Salas would endure the worst moments of his career; he was hampered by injuries, allowing him to participate in only 14 games and scoring just 2 goals.
Return to River Plate
In 2003 Salas was loaned back to River Plate but was unable to regain his old form as he was still hampered by injuries. Constantly in and out of the lineup and only able to score 17 goals in 43 matches Salas considered retiring from football, but decided he would make one final push with River. His return would spark River to a semi-final appearance in the Copa Libertadores (Salas scoring a hat-trick en route) but they lost to eventual champions Sao-Paulo.
Universidad de Chile
In late July 2005, it was confirmed that he would return to his original football team, Universidad de Chile, and the never-ending love of the fans of Universidad de Chile for Salas was evident. Although the press was tough on him for being an injury-prone player (Salas played just 10 games in 2005), he carried Universidad de Chile to the cup finals. The 2005 final was decided on a shootout, won by Universidad Católica. After retirement rumors flourished in the summer of 2006, Salas began campaign with Universidad de Chile and led the team to the final one more time, which saw Universidad de Chile dropping the title to archrivals Colo-Colo on penalties.
After a 6-month layoff, Salas confirmed he would return to his beloved team with a contract for a year and a half, thus continuing the whirl-wind that has been his career.
Salas announced his retirement on 26 November 2008, at the age of 33.
Salas played his farewell game on 2 June 2009. Amongst the invited players were his friends from the 1993–1996 Universidad de Chile squads, River Plate, Juventus, plus members of Chile's France '98 World Cup squad. More than 50,000 people showed up to pay him one final salute. Playing for both sides, he managed to score three goals.
In the build up to the 1998 World Cup finals, Salas scored both goals as Chile beat England 2–0 in a friendly match at Wembley Stadium. At the tournament, Salas scored four times in four matches. His two goals against Italy gave la Roja a 2–2 draw with the 1994 runners-up. He scored a consolation goal as Chile were defeated 4–1 by Brazil in the second round.
Due to his injury problems, Salas's appearances for Chile became limited after the 1999 Copa América. He scored four goals in nine appearances during the team's unsuccessful 2002 World Cup qualification campaign and during the 2006 World Cup qualifiers overtook Iván Zamorano as the nation's all-time top goalscorer with his 35th goal against Bolivia.
- Club Universidad de Chile
- Chilean Primera División: 1994, 1995
- Club Atlético River Plate
- S.S. Lazio
- Juventus F.C.
- Scores and results list Chile's goal tally first.
|2||1995-03-29||Los Angeles||Mexico||2–1||International match||1|
|4||1995-05-28||Commonwealth Stadium, Edmonton||Canada||2–1||Canada Cup||1|
|9||1996-07-06||Santiago||Ecuador||4–1||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification||1|
|10||1996-08-25||Liberia||Costa Rica||1–1||International match||1|
|11||1996-11-12||Santiago||Uruguay||1–0||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification||1|
|12||1997-06-08||Quito||Ecuador||1–1||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification||1|
|15||1997-07-05||Santiago||Colombia||4–1||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification||3|
|16||1997-09-10||Santiago||Argentina||1–2||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification||1|
|19||1997-10-12||Santiago||Peru||4–0||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification||3|
|20||1997-11-16||Santiago||Bolivia||3–0||1998 FIFA World Cup qualification||1|
|22||1998-02-11||Wembley Stadium, London||England||2–0||International match||2|
|28||1998-06-11||Parc Lescure, Bordeaux||Italy||2–2||1998 FIFA World Cup||2|
|29||1998-06-17||Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne||Austria||1–1||1998 FIFA World Cup||1|
|30||1998-06-27||Parc des Princes, Paris||Brazil||1–4||1998 FIFA World Cup||1|
|31||2000-06-29||Estadio Nacional de Chile, Santiago||Paraguay||3–1||2002 FIFA World Cup qualification||1|
|32||2000-08-15||Estadio Nacional de Chile, Santiago||Brazil||3–0||2002 FIFA World Cup qualification||1|
|34||2001-08-14||Estadio Nacional de Chile, Santiago||Bolivia||2–2||2002 FIFA World Cup qualification||2|
|35||2005-06-04||Estadio Nacional de Chile, Santiago||Bolivia||3–1||2006 FIFA World Cup qualification||1|
|37||2007-11-18||Estadio Centenario, Montevideo||Uruguay||2–2||2010 FIFA World Cup qualification||2|
|Chile||League||Copa Chile||South America||Total|
|1993||Universidad de Chile||Primera División||15||1||15||1|
|1996–97||River Plate||Primera División||26||11||-||4||0||30||11|
|2003–04||River Plate||Primera División||17||6||-||4||2||21||8|
|Chile||League||Copa Chile||South America||Total|
|2005||Universidad de Chile||Primera División||10||5||-||10||5|
|Chile national team|
- "El Matador dice addio, Salas lascia il calcio" (in Italian). Sky.it. 3 June 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- Riath Al-Samarrai (14 November 2013). "Those Chileans weren't half hot... A look at the five best players to emerge from the South American country". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "Marcelo Salas". Britannica. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- Alan Nixon (17 November 1997). "Football: Ferguson looks to South America for pounds 10m deal on Salas". The Independent. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- Stefano Petrucci (3 January 1999). "Lazio, la coppia atomica" [Lazio, the atomic pair] (in Italian). Il Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- Stefano Bedeschi (25 December 2015). "Gli eroi in bianconero: Marcelo SALAS" [The heroes in black and white: Marcelo Salas] (in Italian). Tutto Juve. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "Salas joins Juventus". BBC Sport. 17 August 2001. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- Reports and Financial Statements at 30 June 2004
- Six-Monthly Report at 31 December 2005
- "Marcelo SALAS". FIFA. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- Marcelo Salas at National-Football-Teams.com
- (Spanish) Official website
- International Career
- Marcelo Salas – FIFA competition record
- 1st in South America Player of the Year 1997
- 7th in South America Player of the Year 1996
- 8th in the World Player of the Year Award 1997
- 14th in the World Player of the Year Award 1998
- Argentina Player of the Year 1997
- Bronze Boot Award in the World Cup 1998
- 31st in IFFHS South American Player of the Century