Marcgravia evenia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Marcgravia evenia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Marcgraviaceae
Genus: Marcgravia
Species:
M. evenia
Binomial name
Marcgravia evenia
Krug & Urb.

Marcgravia evenia is a species of flowering vine in the family Marcgraviaceae. Within this family it belongs to the Galetae group, which is characterized by a long inflorescence axis and boat shaped nectaries.[1] The plant is endemic to Cuba.

Bat ecology[edit]

Marcgravia evenia relies on Monophyllus, a Cuban nectar-feeding bat,[2] for pollination. This plant has evolved bowl shaped leaves which act as reflectors for a bat's biosonar.[3] This helps the bats to find the plants with greater ease and hence pollinate them with more frequency. The shape of the leaves also helps to guide the bats in locating the hidden feeders.[4] The reflectors are convergent with those of a Bornean pitcher plant, Nepenthes hemsleyana, that attracts bats to its pitchers as roosting sites and uses bat guano as a source of nutrition.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dressler, Stefan (2000). "A New Species of Marcgravia (Marcgraviaceae) from Amazonia with Some Notes on the Galeatae Group Including a Key". Willdenowia. 30 (2): 369–374. doi:10.3372/wi.30.30214. JSTOR 3997403. S2CID 86449574.
  2. ^ Lake, John (29 July 2011). "National Geographic and European Scientists Name New 'Talking Plant'". Blogcritics. Archived from the original on 5 August 2011.
  3. ^ Simon, Ralph; Holderied, Marc W.; Koch, Corinna U.; von Helversen, Otto (29 July 2011). "Floral Acoustics: Conspicuous Echoes of a Dish-Shaped Leaf Attract Bat Pollinators". Science. 333 (6042): 631–633. Bibcode:2011Sci...333..631S. doi:10.1126/science.1204210. PMID 21798950. S2CID 5035286.
  4. ^ Gill, Victoria (29 July 2011). "Plants Evolved a Bat Beckoning Beacon". BBC Nature. Archived from the original on 29 July 2011.
  5. ^ Schöner, Michael G.; Schöner, Caroline R.; Simon, Ralph; Grafe, T. Ulmar; Puechmaille, Sébastien J.; Ji, Liaw Lin; Kerth, Gerald (July 2015). "Bats Are Acoustically Attracted to Mutualistic Carnivorous Plants". Current Biology. 25 (14): 1911–1916. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2015.05.054. PMID 26166777.

External links[edit]