March 14 Alliance
March 14 Alliance
تحالف ١٤ آذار
|General Secretary||Fares Souaid|
|Founded||14 March 2005|
|Political position||Big tent|
|Parliament of Lebanon|
38 / 128
|Cabinet of Lebanon|
2 / 20
Member State of the Arab League
The March 14 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 14 آذار, romanized: taḥāluf 14 adhār), named after the date of the Cedar Revolution, is a coalition of political parties and independents in Lebanon formed in 2005 that are united by their anti-Syrian stance and by their opposition to the March 8 Alliance. It is led by Samir Geagea, as well as other prominent figures.
Free Patriotic Movement's withdrawal
The Free Patriotic Movement of General Michel Aoun left the informal grouping before the 2005 general election, before March 14 was an established alliance, due to major disagreements and when its leader Michel Aoun signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Hezbollah. After the 2005 elections, The Free Patriotic Movement was the sole political opposition, but one year later joined the pro-Syrian government March 8 Alliance in November 2006.
2006 Lebanon War
On 12 July 2006, the 2006 Lebanon War between Israel and Hezbollah started. During the war, the 14 of March Coalition took a stance against Hezbollah accusing the armed party of causing the war on Lebanon. However, Hezbollah claimed that Israel preplanned such a war, supposed to be waged on September during the annual rally Hezbollah holds on the International Qods (Jerusalem) Day.
The 14th of March coalition, amidst the war, urged Hezbollah to hand over their weapons, accusing the party of causing the war on Lebanon.
During the first few days of the war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Beirut and held a meeting with the 14th of March coalition and declared afterwards that a new Middle East will be born after this war, saying: "It's time for a new Middle East". Rice and Fouad Siniora met during her visit to Lebanon.
In May 2008, the tensions between the pro-government and opposition parties escalated when the cabinet announced a series of security decisions. Tensions began with revelations on Friday May 2 made by Progressive Socialist Party leader Walid Jumblatt, a key politician in the ruling March 14 alliance. He announced that a remote-controlled camera had been set up in a container park overlooking Beirut international airport's runway 17, which was frequently being used by March 14 politicians. In March 14 circles, fear was that the monitoring could be used for a possible attack on its leaders, as Lebanon had faced a series of political assassinations in recent times. Although Jumblatt did not accuse the party directly, he made clear that he thought March 8's Hezbollah was behind the monitoring system's installment. Hezbollah dismissed the accusations, calling the allegation a product of Jumblatt's imagination and saying that those who leveled them were scaremongering and simply parroting a US campaign against it and other groups which are resisting Israel. In addition to the monitoring system, Jumblatt stated that Hezbollah had laid down a fiber optic telecommunication network connecting its powerbase in Dahiya in South Beirut with cities and towns in South and East Lebanon in predominantly Shiite areas.
In its response to these allegations, the Lebanese cabinet announced that it regarded the telecommunication network and the monitoring system as a breach of law, undermining the state's sovereignty and the security of its citizens. Therefore, it declared that the matter would be referred not only to the Lebanese judicial system, but also to the Arab League and the United Nations.
Coincidentally, a day after the cabinet's decision, on Wednesday May 7, the Lebanese General Workers Union had planned a general strike to demand higher wages and decry high consumer prices. The strike turned violent as the opposition threw their weight behind the strike, paralyzing large parts of Lebanon's capital Beirut. Clashes later erupted throughout the country in the following weeks
2009 parliamentary elections
On 8 June 2009, 14 March won the majority of the Lebanese parliament 71 out of 128 seats.
14 out of 26 electoral districts were won by 14 March:
- Akkar (7/7)
- Minniyeh-Danniyeh (3/3)
- Tripoli (8/8)
- Koura (3/3)
- Bcharreh (2/2)
- Batroun (2/2)
- Beirut 1 (5/5)
- Beirut 2 (2/4)
- Beirut 3 (10/10)
- Aley (4/5) Jumblatt left an empty seat for Talal Arslan
- Chouf (8/8)
- Saida (2/2)
- Zahle (7/7)
- West Bekaa-Rashaya (6/6)
Progressive Socialist Party's withdrawal
In August 2009, the Progressive Socialist Party left the alliance claiming political neutrality after the 2008 Lebanon conflict, though they still support lists of March 14 members mostly the Lebanese Forces. The National Liberal Party left the 14 March movement the 22 December 2016.
Downfall of the March 14 alliance
On 12 January 2011, 8 March with the help of Jumblatt collapsed the government which caused 14 March prime minister Saad Hariri to step down and be replaced by an 8 March prime minister Najib Mikati, On 17 June 2011 Michel Aoun proudly said that he sent Saad Hariri a «one way ticket».
14march.org was the official March 14 alliance website, it went online on 9 March 2006 and was shutdown by Future Movement on 16 January 2019.
This section needs to be updated.(August 2021)
The principal political claims of the March 14 Alliance are:
- The exile of the former President Émile Lahoud, reputed an illegitimate president under the Syrian regime in September 2004.
- Institution of a court for a case against Prime Minister Rafic Hariri's killers.
- Pacification with Syria and review of the Syrian-Lebanese borders.
- Opposition to the Syrian interference in Lebanon.
- Institution of a weapons government monopoly, disarmament of Hezbollah and review control of the Lebanese Armed Forces by the President and general Michel Suleiman and the police by the Prime Minister.
|Name||Election Area||Political Affiliation||Religion|
|Ahmad Mohammed Rustom||North 1||Ex-Future Movement||Alawite|
|Mohammed Moustafa Sleiman||North 1 – Akkar||Ex-Future Movement||Sunni|
|Bilal Melhem Hechaime||Bekaa 1 – Zahle||Ex-Future Movement||Sunni|
|Sajih Mkhayel Attieh||North 1 – Akkar||Ex-Future Movement||Greek Orthodox|
|Walid Wajih El Baarini||North 1 – Akkar||Ex-Future Movement||Sunni|
|Ahmad Mahmoud Khair||North 2 – Miniyeh||Ex-Future Movement||Sunni|
|Abdelaziz Ibrahim Samad||North 2 – Danniyeh||Ex-Future Movement||Sunni|
|Abdelkarim Mohammed Kabbara||North 2 – Tripoli||Ex-Future Movement||Sunni|
|Ashraf Ahmad Rifi||North 2 – Tripoli||Independent||Sunni|
|Firas Ahmad Salloum||North 2 – Tripoli||Independent||Alawite|
|Ihab Mohammed Mattar||North 2 – Tripoli||Independent||Sunni|
|Jean Arshak Talozian||Beirut 1||Independent||Armenian Catholic|
|Michel Rene Mouawad||North 3 – Zgharta||Independence Movement||Maronite|
|Adib Gerges Abdelmassih||North 3 – Koura||Independence Movement||Greek Orthodox|
|Imad Hout||Beirut 2||Islamic Group||Sunni|
|Nadim Bachir Gemayel||Beirut 1||Kataeb||Maronite|
|Sami Amin Gemayel||Mount Lebanon 2 – Metn||Kataeb||Maronite|
|Elias Rakif Hankash||Mount Lebanon 2 – Metn||Kataeb||Maronite|
|Salim Boutros Sayegh||Mount Lebanon 1 – Kesserwan||Kataeb||Maronite|
|Ghassan Chafic Hasbani||Beirut 1||Lebanese Forces||Greek Orthodox|
|Jihad Karim Pakradouni||Beirut 1||Lebanese Forces||Armenian Orthodox|
|Elias Fouad Khoury||North 2 – Tripoli||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Jamil Abboud Abboud||North 2 – Tripoli||Lebanese Forces||Greek Orthodox|
|Fadi Abdallah Karam||North 3 – Koura||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Sitrida Elias Tawk||North 3 – Bsharri||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Ghyath Michel Yazbek||North 3 – Batroun||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Ziad Halim Al Hawwat||Mount Lebanon 1 – Jbeil||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Chawki Gergi Daccache||Mount Lebanon 1 – Kesserwan||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Melhem Antoun Riachi||Mount Lebanon 2 – Metn||Lebanese Forces||Greek Catholic|
|Razi Wadih Hajj||Mount Lebanon 2 – Metn||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Pierre Rachid Bou Assi||Mount Lebanon 3 – Baabda||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Nazih Matta||Mount Lebanon 4 – Aley||Lebanese Forces||Greek Orthodox|
|Georges Jamil Adwan||Mount Lebanon 4 – Chouf||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Ghada Khalil Ayoub||South 1 – Jezzine||Lebanese Forces||Greek Catholic|
|Saiid Sleiman Asmar||South 1 – Jezzine||Lebanese Forces||Greek Catholic|
|Elias André Estephan||Bekaa 1 – Zahle||Lebanese Forces||Greek Orthodox|
|Georges Elie Okais||Bekaa 1 – Zahle||Lebanese Forces||Greek Catholic|
|Antoine El Badaoui Habchi||Bekaa 3 – Baalbek-Hermel||Lebanese Forces||Maronite|
|Camille Dory Chamoun||Mount Lebanon 3 – Baabda||National Liberal Party||Maronite|
- ^ "March 14 Alliance" (PDF). Reut Institute. 12 December 2006.
- ^ Jacob, C. (21 March 2019). "As U.S. Secretary Of State Pompeo Prepares To Visit Lebanon, Hizbullah Is In Complete Control Of Lebanese Government – And The March 14 Camp, Saudi Arabia, And U.S. Have Cooperated With It And Come To Terms With The Situation". Middle East Media Research Institute.
- ^ Moubayed, Sami (6 May 2018). "After 9 years, Lebanon goes to the polls". Gulf News.
- ^ "Hezbollah reiterates commitment to Mar Mikhael agreement on its 12th anniversary". LBCI Lebanon. Retrieved 2022-09-03.
- ^ Department Of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs. "Photo: Secretary Rice With Lebanese Prime Minister Fouad Siniora". 2001-2009.state.gov. Retrieved 2022-09-03.
- ^ "Rice Meets With Siniora In Beirut". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2022-09-03.
- ^ a b c d Arsan, Andrew (2018). Lebanon : a country in fragments. London: C. Hurst & Co. pp. 91–92. ISBN 978-1-78738-365-4. OCLC 1127917942.
- ^ a b c "Le chef du PSP révèle l'existence d'un réseau de télécommunications du Hezbollah reliant le Sud au Hermel Joumblatt met en garde contre une opération sécuritaire d'envergure visant la piste 17 de l'aéroport de Beyrouth". L'Orient-Le Jour (in French). 2008-05-03. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
- ^ a b Jim Muir (2008-05-03). "Hezbollah in airport spying row". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-10.
- ^ a b Blanford, Nicholas (2008-05-09). "Hezbollah phone network spat sparks Beirut street war". Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
- ^ a b Arsan, Andrew (2018). Lebanon: a country in fragments. London: C. Hurst & Co. pp. 93–94. ISBN 978-1-78738-365-4. OCLC 1127917942.
- ^ "LEBANON: High prices, low wages feed violent political stand-off". IRIN. 8 May 2008. Archived from the original on 5 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
- ^ "قوى "14 آذار" تفوز في الانتخابات النيابية".
- ^ "نتائج الانتخابات لكل دائرة انتخابية بشكل إجمالي".
- ^ EditorHA (2022-08-16). "فتور لا قطيعة بين الاشتراكي والقوات". صوت بيروت إنترناشونال (in Arabic). Retrieved 2022-09-03.
- ^ "عون: قطعنا one way ticket للحريري ولن يعود".
- ^ "14 March :: OFFICIAL".
- ^ "إغلاق موقعي "تيار المستقبل" و"14 آذار"..."