March 14 Alliance

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March 14 Alliance
تحالف ١٤ آذار
LeaderSamir Geagea
General SecretaryFares Souaid
Founded14 March 2005; 18 years ago (14 March 2005)
IdeologyLebanese nationalism
Political positionBig tent
Colors    Red, white
Parliament of Lebanon
38 / 128
Cabinet of Lebanon
2 / 20
Party flag
14th march.svg

The March 14 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 14 آذار, romanizedtaḥāluf 14 adhār), named after the date of the Cedar Revolution, is a coalition of political parties and independents in Lebanon formed in 2005 that are united by their anti-Syrian[1][2][3] stance and by their opposition to the March 8 Alliance. It is led by Samir Geagea, as well as other prominent figures.


Free Patriotic Movement's withdrawal[edit]

The Free Patriotic Movement of General Michel Aoun left the informal grouping before the 2005 general election, before March 14 was an established alliance, due to major disagreements and when its leader Michel Aoun signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Hezbollah.[4] After the 2005 elections, The Free Patriotic Movement was the sole political opposition, but one year later joined the pro-Syrian government March 8 Alliance in November 2006.

2006 Lebanon War[edit]

On 12 July 2006, the 2006 Lebanon War between Israel and Hezbollah started. During the war, the 14 of March Coalition took a stance against Hezbollah accusing the armed party of causing the war on Lebanon. However, Hezbollah claimed that Israel preplanned such a war, supposed to be waged on September during the annual rally Hezbollah holds on the International Qods (Jerusalem) Day.

The 14th of March coalition, amidst the war, urged Hezbollah to hand over their weapons, accusing the party of causing the war on Lebanon.

During the first few days of the war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Beirut and held a meeting with the 14th of March coalition and declared afterwards that a new Middle East will be born after this war, saying: "It's time for a new Middle East". Rice and Fouad Siniora met during her visit to Lebanon.[5][6]

2008 clashes[edit]

In May 2008, the tensions between the pro-government and opposition parties escalated when the cabinet announced a series of security decisions. Tensions began with revelations on Friday May 2 made by Progressive Socialist Party leader Walid Jumblatt, a key politician in the ruling March 14 alliance. He announced that a remote-controlled camera had been set up in a container park overlooking Beirut international airport's runway 17, which was frequently being used by March 14 politicians.[7][8] In March 14 circles, fear was that the monitoring could be used for a possible attack on its leaders, as Lebanon had faced a series of political assassinations in recent times.[9] Although Jumblatt did not accuse the party directly, he made clear that he thought March 8's Hezbollah was behind the monitoring system's installment.[7] Hezbollah dismissed the accusations, calling the allegation a product of Jumblatt's imagination and saying that those who leveled them were scaremongering and simply parroting a US campaign against it and other groups which are resisting Israel.[8][9] In addition to the monitoring system, Jumblatt stated that Hezbollah had laid down a fiber optic telecommunication network connecting its powerbase in Dahiya in South Beirut with cities and towns in South and East Lebanon in predominantly Shiite areas.[8]

In its response to these allegations, the Lebanese cabinet announced that it regarded the telecommunication network and the monitoring system as a breach of law, undermining the state's sovereignty and the security of its citizens.[7][10] Therefore, it declared that the matter would be referred not only to the Lebanese judicial system, but also to the Arab League and the United Nations.[7][10]

Coincidentally, a day after the cabinet's decision, on Wednesday May 7, the Lebanese General Workers Union had planned a general strike to demand higher wages and decry high consumer prices.[11] The strike turned violent as the opposition threw their weight behind the strike, paralyzing large parts of Lebanon's capital Beirut.[11][12] Clashes later erupted throughout the country in the following weeks

2009 parliamentary elections[edit]

On 8 June 2009, 14 March won the majority of the Lebanese parliament 71 out of 128 seats.[13]

14 out of 26 electoral districts were won by 14 March:[14]

  • Akkar (7/7)
  • Minniyeh-Danniyeh (3/3)
  • Tripoli (8/8)
  • Koura (3/3)
  • Bcharreh (2/2)
  • Batroun (2/2)
  • Beirut 1 (5/5)
  • Beirut 2 (2/4)
  • Beirut 3 (10/10)
  • Aley (4/5) Jumblatt left an empty seat for Talal Arslan
  • Chouf (8/8)
  • Saida (2/2)
  • Zahle (7/7)
  • West Bekaa-Rashaya (6/6)

Progressive Socialist Party's withdrawal[edit]

In August 2009, the Progressive Socialist Party left the alliance claiming political neutrality after the 2008 Lebanon conflict, though they still support lists of March 14 members mostly the Lebanese Forces.[15] The National Liberal Party left the 14 March movement the 22 December 2016.

Downfall of the March 14 alliance[edit]

On 12 January 2011, 8 March with the help of Jumblatt collapsed the government which caused 14 March prime minister Saad Hariri to step down and be replaced by an 8 March prime minister Najib Mikati, On 17 June 2011 Michel Aoun proudly said that he sent Saad Hariri a «one way ticket».[16][edit] was the official March 14 alliance website, it went online on 9 March 2006[17] and was shutdown by Future Movement on 16 January 2019.[18]


The principal political claims of the March 14 Alliance are:

Member parties[edit]

Party Ideology Demographic base Party seats
Represented parties
Lebanese Forces Lebanese nationalism, Conservatism Maronite Christians
19 / 128
Future Movement Conservative liberalism Sunni Muslims
8 / 128
Kataeb Party Lebanese nationalism, Christian democracy Maronite Christians
4 / 128
Independence Movement Lebanese nationalism Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
2 / 128
Islamic Group Islamic democracy, Pan-Islamism Sunni Muslims
1 / 128
National Liberal Party National liberalism Nonsectarian (official)
Christians (majority)
1 / 128
Unrepresented parties
National Bloc Social liberalism, Lebanese nationalism
Liberal conservatism
Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
0 / 128
Democratic Left Movement Social democracy Nonsectarian (official)
0 / 128
Democratic Renewal Social liberalism Nonsectarian (official)
0 / 128
Hunchakian Party Social democracy, Democratic socialism,

Armenian interests

0 / 128
Armenian Democratic Liberal Party Classical liberalism, Armenian interests Armenians
0 / 128
Lebanese Option Party Moderate Shia Islamism, Liberalism and

Economic liberalism

Shia Muslims
0 / 128
Free Shia Movement Islamic democracy Shia Muslims
0 / 128
Syriac Union Party Syriac interests Syriac Christians
0 / 128
Shuraya Party Assyrian self-determination Assyrians (Christians)
0 / 128

Current deputies[edit]

Name Election Area Political Affiliation Religion
Ahmad Mohammed Rustom North 1   Ex-Future Movement Alawite
Mohammed Moustafa Sleiman North 1 – Akkar   Ex-Future Movement Sunni
Bilal Melhem Hechaime Bekaa 1 – Zahle   Ex-Future Movement Sunni
Sajih Mkhayel Attieh North 1 – Akkar   Ex-Future Movement Greek Orthodox
Walid Wajih El Baarini North 1 – Akkar   Ex-Future Movement Sunni
Ahmad Mahmoud Khair North 2 – Miniyeh   Ex-Future Movement Sunni
Abdelaziz Ibrahim Samad North 2 – Danniyeh   Ex-Future Movement Sunni
Abdelkarim Mohammed Kabbara North 2 – Tripoli   Ex-Future Movement Sunni
Ashraf Ahmad Rifi North 2 – Tripoli   Independent Sunni
Firas Ahmad Salloum North 2 – Tripoli   Independent Alawite
Ihab Mohammed Mattar North 2 – Tripoli   Independent Sunni
Jean Arshak Talozian Beirut 1   Independent Armenian Catholic
Michel Rene Mouawad North 3 – Zgharta   Independence Movement Maronite
Adib Gerges Abdelmassih North 3 – Koura   Independence Movement Greek Orthodox
Imad Hout Beirut 2   Islamic Group Sunni
Nadim Bachir Gemayel Beirut 1   Kataeb Maronite
Sami Amin Gemayel Mount Lebanon 2 – Metn   Kataeb Maronite
Elias Rakif Hankash Mount Lebanon 2 – Metn   Kataeb Maronite
Salim Boutros Sayegh Mount Lebanon 1 – Kesserwan   Kataeb Maronite
Ghassan Chafic Hasbani Beirut 1   Lebanese Forces Greek Orthodox
Jihad Karim Pakradouni Beirut 1   Lebanese Forces Armenian Orthodox
Elias Fouad Khoury North 2 – Tripoli   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Jamil Abboud Abboud North 2 – Tripoli   Lebanese Forces Greek Orthodox
Fadi Abdallah Karam North 3 – Koura   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Sitrida Elias Tawk North 3 – Bsharri   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Ghyath Michel Yazbek North 3 – Batroun   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Ziad Halim Al Hawwat Mount Lebanon 1 – Jbeil   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Chawki Gergi Daccache Mount Lebanon 1 – Kesserwan   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Melhem Antoun Riachi Mount Lebanon 2 – Metn   Lebanese Forces Greek Catholic
Razi Wadih Hajj Mount Lebanon 2 – Metn   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Pierre Rachid Bou Assi Mount Lebanon 3 – Baabda   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Nazih Matta Mount Lebanon 4 – Aley   Lebanese Forces Greek Orthodox
Georges Jamil Adwan Mount Lebanon 4 – Chouf   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Ghada Khalil Ayoub South 1 – Jezzine   Lebanese Forces Greek Catholic
Saiid Sleiman Asmar South 1 – Jezzine   Lebanese Forces Greek Catholic
Elias André Estephan Bekaa 1 – Zahle   Lebanese Forces Greek Orthodox
Georges Elie Okais Bekaa 1 – Zahle   Lebanese Forces Greek Catholic
Antoine El Badaoui Habchi Bekaa 3 – Baalbek-Hermel   Lebanese Forces Maronite
Camille Dory Chamoun Mount Lebanon 3 – Baabda   National Liberal Party Maronite

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "March 14 Alliance" (PDF). Reut Institute. 12 December 2006.
  2. ^ Jacob, C. (21 March 2019). "As U.S. Secretary Of State Pompeo Prepares To Visit Lebanon, Hizbullah Is In Complete Control Of Lebanese Government – And The March 14 Camp, Saudi Arabia, And U.S. Have Cooperated With It And Come To Terms With The Situation". Middle East Media Research Institute.
  3. ^ Moubayed, Sami (6 May 2018). "After 9 years, Lebanon goes to the polls". Gulf News.
  4. ^ "Hezbollah reiterates commitment to Mar Mikhael agreement on its 12th anniversary". LBCI Lebanon. Retrieved 2022-09-03.
  5. ^ Department Of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs. "Photo: Secretary Rice With Lebanese Prime Minister Fouad Siniora". Retrieved 2022-09-03.
  6. ^ "Rice Meets With Siniora In Beirut". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2022-09-03.
  7. ^ a b c d Arsan, Andrew (2018). Lebanon : a country in fragments. London: C. Hurst & Co. pp. 91–92. ISBN 978-1-78738-365-4. OCLC 1127917942.
  8. ^ a b c "Le chef du PSP révèle l'existence d'un réseau de télécommunications du Hezbollah reliant le Sud au Hermel Joumblatt met en garde contre une opération sécuritaire d'envergure visant la piste 17 de l'aéroport de Beyrouth". L'Orient-Le Jour (in French). 2008-05-03. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  9. ^ a b Jim Muir (2008-05-03). "Hezbollah in airport spying row". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-10.
  10. ^ a b Blanford, Nicholas (2008-05-09). "Hezbollah phone network spat sparks Beirut street war". Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  11. ^ a b Arsan, Andrew (2018). Lebanon: a country in fragments. London: C. Hurst & Co. pp. 93–94. ISBN 978-1-78738-365-4. OCLC 1127917942.
  12. ^ "LEBANON: High prices, low wages feed violent political stand-off". IRIN. 8 May 2008. Archived from the original on 5 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
  13. ^ "قوى "14 آذار" تفوز في الانتخابات النيابية".
  14. ^ "نتائج الانتخابات لكل دائرة انتخابية بشكل إجمالي".
  15. ^ EditorHA (2022-08-16). "فتور لا قطيعة بين الاشتراكي والقوات". صوت بيروت إنترناشونال (in Arabic). Retrieved 2022-09-03.
  16. ^ "عون: قطعنا one way ticket للحريري ولن يعود".
  17. ^ "14 March :: OFFICIAL".
  18. ^ "إغلاق موقعي "تيار المستقبل" و"14 آذار"..."

External links[edit]