March 14 Alliance

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March 14 Alliance

تحالف ١٤ آذار
LeaderSaad Hariri, Samy Gemayel, Samir Geagea
General SecretaryFares Souhaid
Founded2005; 15 years ago (2005)
HeadquartersBeirut
IdeologyAnti-Syrian government
Nonsectarianism
Lebanese nationalism
Political positionBig tent
Colors    Red, White
Parliament of Lebanon
39 / 128
Cabinet of Lebanon
0 / 30
Website
14march.org
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The March 14 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 14 آذار‎, romanizedtaḥāluf 14 adhār), named after the date of the Cedar Revolution, is a coalition of political parties and independents in Lebanon formed in 2005 that are united by their anti-Syrian[1][2][3] stance and by their opposition to the March 8 Alliance. It is led by Saad Hariri, second son of Rafic Hariri, as well as other prominent figures.

Parties that left the alliance[edit]

The Free Patriotic Movement of General Michel Aoun left the informal grouping before the 2005 general election, before March 14 was an established alliance, due to major disagreements. After the 2005 elections, The Free Patriotic Movement was the sole political opposition, but was joined one year later by the pro-Syrian government March 8 Alliance in November 2006.[citation needed]

The National Liberal Party left the 14 March movement the 22 December 2016.

2006 Lebanon War[edit]

On 12 July 2006, the 2006 Lebanon War between Israel and Hezbollah started. During the war, the 14 of March Coalition took a stance against Hezbollah accusing the armed party of causing the war on Lebanon. However, Hezbollah claimed that Israel preplanned such a war, supposed to be waged on September during the annual rally Hezbollah holds on the International Qods (Jerusalem) Day.

The 14th of March coalition, amidst the war, urged Hezbollah to hand over their weapons, accusing the party of causing the war on Lebanon.

During the first few days of the war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Beirut and held a meeting with the 14th of March coalition and declared afterwards that a new Middle East will be born after this war, saying: "It's time for a new Middle East". Rice and Fouad Siniora met during her visit to Lebanon.

Claims[edit]

The principal political claims of the March 14 Alliance are:

Member parties[edit]

Party Ideology Demographic base Party seats
Represented parties
Future Movement Conservative liberalism Sunni Muslims
20 / 128
Lebanese Forces Lebanese nationalism, Conservatism Maronite Christians
15 / 128
Kataeb Party Phoenicianism, Christian democracy Maronite Christians
3 / 128
Independence Movement Lebanese nationalism Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
1 / 128
Unrepresented parties
National Bloc Social liberalism, Lebanese nationalism
Historical:
Liberal conservatism
Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
0 / 128
National Liberal Party National liberalism Nonsectarian (official)
Christians (majority)
0 / 128
Democratic Left Movement Social democracy Nonsectarian (official)
0 / 128
Democratic Renewal Social liberalism Nonsectarian (official)
0 / 128
Hunchakian Party Social democracy, Democratic socialism,

Armenian interests

Armenians
0 / 128
Ramgavar Party Classical liberalism, Armenian interests Armenians
0 / 128
Islamic Group Islamic democracy, Pan-Islamism Sunni Muslims
0 / 128
Free Shia Movement Islamic democracy Shia Muslims
0 / 128
Syriac Union Party Assyrian self-determination Assyrians (Nonsectarian)
0 / 128
Shuraya Party Assyrian self-determination Assyrians (Christians)
0 / 128

2018 legislative elections[edit]

The alliance gathered 47 seats out of 128 (37%), in the 2018 legislative elections.

Name Party District Religion
Saad Hariri   Future Movement Beirut II Sunni
Nohad Machnouk   Future Movement Beirut II Sunni
Rola Tabsh Jaroudi   Future Movement Beirut II Sunni
Tamam Salam   Future Movement Beirut II Sunni
Nazih Najem   Future Movement Beirut II Greek Orthodox
Walid Baarini   Future Movement Akkar Sunni
Tarek El Merhebi   Future Movement Akkar Sunni
Mohamed Sleiman   Future Movement Akkar Sunni
Hadi Hobeich   Future Movement Akkar Maronite
Sami Fatfat   Future Movement Dinniyeh Sunni
Othman Alameddine   Future Movement Minyeh Sunni
Samir Jisr   Future Movement Tripoli Sunni
Mohamed Kabara   Future Movement Tripoli Sunni
Dima Jamali   Future Movement Tripoli Sunni
Mohamed Hajjar   Future Movement Chouf Sunni
Bahia Hariri   Future Movement Saida Sunni
Mohamed Karaawi   Future Movement West Bekaa Rashaya Sunni
Bakr Hujeiri   Future Movement Baalbeck Hermel Sunni
Assem Araji   Future Movement Zahle Sunni
Henri Chedid   Independent West Bekaa Rashaya Maronite
Michel Moawad   Independence Movement Zgharta Maronite
Imad Wakim   Lebanese Forces Beirut I Greek Orthodox
Wehbe Katicha   Lebanese Forces Akkar Greek Orthodox
Fady Saad   Lebanese Forces Batroun Maronite
Sethrida Tawk   Lebanese Forces Bsharri Maronite
Joseph Ishac   Lebanese Forces Bsharri Maronite
Ziad Hawat   Lebanese Forces Byblos Maronite
Chawki Daccache   Lebanese Forces Keserwan Maronite
Eddy Abillama   Lebanese Forces Metn Maronite
Pierre Bou Assi   Lebanese Forces Baabda Maronite
Anis Nassar   Lebanese Forces Aley Greek Orthodox
Georges Adwan   Lebanese Forces Chouf Maronite
Georges Okeis   Lebanese Forces Zahle Greek Catholic
Antoine Habchi   Lebanese Forces Baalbeck Hermel Maronite
Jean Talouzian   Independent Beirut I Armenian Catholic
Cesar Maalouf   Independent Zahle Greek Orthodox
Nadim Gemayel   Kataeb Beirut I Maronite
Samy Gemayel   Kataeb Metn Maronite
Elias Hankash   Kataeb Metn Maronite

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "March 14 Alliance" (PDF). Reut Institute. 12 December 2006.
  2. ^ Jacob, C. (21 March 2019). "As U.S. Secretary Of State Pompeo Prepares To Visit Lebanon, Hizbullah Is In Complete Control Of Lebanese Government – And The March 14 Camp, Saudi Arabia, And U.S. Have Cooperated With It And Come To Terms With The Situation". Middle East Media Research Institute.
  3. ^ Moubayed, Sami (6 May 2018). "After 9 years, Lebanon goes to the polls". Gulf News.

External links[edit]