March 1910

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March 19, 1910: U.S. House of Representatives curtails Speaker's powers
March 1–4, 1910: Deadliest avalanche in U.S. history (pictured) followed by deadliest avalanche in Canadian history
Speaker Cannon
March 17, 1910: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History opens
Congressman Norris

The following events occurred in March 1910:

March 1, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

March 2, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • U.S. Army Lieutenant Benjamin Foulois became the first American military airplane pilot when he made a solo flight of the Wright Military Flyer near Fort Sam Houston at 9:30 a.m. Although Army Lts. Frederick E. Humphreys and Frank P. Lahm had both made solo flights in 1909 following instruction by the Wright brothers, the flight by Lt. Foulois followed the transport, repair and re-assembly of the Wright Military Flyer by Army personnel at the fort near San Antonio.[5]
  • Plans to create the Rockefeller Foundation began after John D. Rockefeller, Jr., asked Congress to issue a charter for a tax-deductible organization with a mission "to promote the well-being and advance the civilization of the peoples of the world, to disseminate knowledge, and to prevent and relieve suffering".[3][6]
  • Thirty-seven men were killed in the explosion of a powder magazine at the Treadwell mine in Alaska.[3]

March 3, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Morocco signed accords with France in Paris, permitting the French to occupy Casablanca and Oujda in return for military training, as part of refinancing of loans.[7]
  • Stock in Sears began trading on the New York Stock Exchange.[8]
  • Born: Joseph Yablonski, UMWA President murdered by his rival in 1969, in Pittsburgh; and Kittens Reichert, American silent film child actor, in Yonkers, NY (d. 1990)
  • Birthday of Lawrence Dunbar Reddick

March 4, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

March 5, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

March 6, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

March 7, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • The city of Jayapura, Indonesia, was founded in the Dutch East Indies as Hollandia

March 8, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

Mme. Laroche

March 9, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

March 10, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • In Denver, The Shwayder Trunk Manufacturing Company began producing luggage and is still one of the largest suitcase makers in the world. In 1916, Jesse Shwayder introduced a suitcase so strong that he named it for the Biblical Samson, and in 1919, the name changed to the more famous Samsonite.[13]
  • The city of Prince Rupert, British Columbia, was incorporated.
  • Abbott Station, Florida, changed its name to Zephyrhills.
  • Died: Carl Reinecke, 85, German composer

March 11, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • A typhoon in Japan struck at the Chiba and Iraki prefectures, destroying 84 boats and killing more than 1,100 people, mostly fishermen. Full details reached the West three weeks later.[14]
  • Died: James Breck Perkins, 62, New York Congressman

March 12, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

Florence Lawrence

March 13, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

March 14, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • Shortly after 8:00 p.m., the Lakeview Number 1 drilling rig, located between Taft and Maricopa, California, struck oil at a depth of 2,440 feet. Moments later, a column of oil 20 feet in diameter erupted. The Lakeview Gusher was the largest in United States history, producing nine million barrels (378,000,000 gallons) of crude oil in eighteen months.[18]

March 15, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • President Taft asked Congress to consider taking charge of islands in the Bering Sea in order to protect the seal populations there from extinction.[3]
  • France's Chamber of Deputies voted favorably on a confidence motion.[3]
  • The Prince Regent of China issued an edict setting a five-year period to "educate the people" before elections would be allowed.[3]
  • The Thanhouser Company released the first of more than one thousand motion pictures that it produced between 1910 and 1917. The Actor's Children, a one-reel (12 minute) feature, starring Frank Hall Crane and Yale Boss.[19]

March 16, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

March 17, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

March 18, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • At St. Petersburg, Russia and Austria-Hungary signed an agreement to restore full diplomatic relations.[3]
  • In response to threats in California to bar Japanese ownership of land there, Japan's lower house passed a resolution barring foreigners from owning land unless the foreign government granted similar rights to Japanese citizens.[3]
  • Four-wheel brakes were first patented by Henri Perrot and John Meredith Rubury
  • Officials in Philadelphia announced discovery of a fragment of a tablet believed to date back to 2100 B.C., and containing an account of the Deluges.[3]
  • The first controlled airplane flight in Australia took place, by a daredevil pilot who was more famous as a magician. Harry Houdini was also an aviator. At Diggers Rest, Victoria, near Melbourne, Houdini took to the air on two flights, staying aloft for more than five minutes and reaching an altitude of 100 feet on his second. George A. Taylor is credited with taking an airplane aloft at Narrabeen, N.S.W. on December 5, 1909, and some accounts credit Fred Custance's controlled flight of March 17, 1910 at Bolivar, South Australia, as the first.[24]
  • Died: Julio Herrera y Reissig, 35, Uruguayan poet

March 19, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • U.S. Representative George W. Norris of Nebraska introduced a resolution that reduced the power that significantly the Speaker of the House, Joe Cannon, and his Rules Committee, had held over what legislation would come up for a vote. With some clever parliamentary maneuvering, Congressman Norris brought a resolution that created a ten-member, bipartisan Rules Committee, selected by the representatives, and without Cannon as a member. The resolution passed, 191-156 and ended, as Norris put it, "the long dynasty of the all-powerful Speaker".[25]

March 20, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

March 21, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

March 22, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Fire destroyed the main building at Texas Christian University, located at that time in Waco. After the disaster, the city of Fort Worth offered the trustees fifty acres of land on which to build a new campus, and "T.C.U." moved to its current location.[31]
  • William H. Taft, as President of the United States, made what has been described as "the most dramatic event in the history of arbitration in the prewar years"[32] giving an American endorsement in favor of creating a "World Court" for the resolution of disputes between nations.
  • The British House of Lords passed a reform resolution, declaring that possession of a peerage was not a right of entitlement to membership in the House.[33]

March 23, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • A rebellion by Rif tribesmen in Spanish Morocco was finally suppressed after 8 months. During the conflict, an estimated 8,000 Berbers and 2,000 Spanish soldiers were killed.[34]
  • Congress established the Sitka National Monument.[35]
  • Born: Akira Kurosawa, Japanese screenwriter, producer, and director, in Shinagawa; (d. 1998)

March 24, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

March 25, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The Japanese battleship Satsuma, largest of Japan's ships to that time, was commissioned.[37]
  • A fire at the Fish Furniture Store in Chicago killed 16 employees, mostly women and girls, who had been trapped on the fourth and fifth floors. A clerk at the store said that he had accidentally set the blaze while filling pocket cigarette lighters with benzene as directed by his boss.[38]
  • The city of Mount Dora, Florida was incorporated.
  • Born: Magda Olivero, Italian opera soprano, in Saluzzo (d. 2014)

March 26, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Immigration Act of 1910 amended existing law to deny entrance, to the United States, of criminals, paupers, anarchists and diseased persons.[39][39]
  • Orville Wright began instruction of five student aviators at the first flying school, located on Washington Ferry Road in Montgomery, Alabama.[40] The site later became the Maxwell Air Force Base.[41]

March 27, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • A fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary killed 312 people. The ballroom was decorated with pine branches and lanterns, and one of the branches caught fire.[42]
  • Eight sailors were killed and three injured by the explosion of a gun on the battle cruiser U.S.S. Charleston.[33]
  • U.S. First Lady Helen Taft, and the wife of Japan's Ambassador to the United States, the Viscountess Chinda, planted two cherry blossoms in Washington D.C., the first of many that would grace the American capital. After the first gift of trees in 1909 proved to be unsuitable, a full array of blossoms would be planted in 1912.[43]
  • Died: Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, 74, American scientist

March 28, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • Henri Fabre flew the first seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, taking off from the waters of Lake Berre near Marseille.[44]
  • The Prince of Monaco announced that the European principality would have a parliament.[33]
  • The town of Power, Montana was incorporated.
  • The largest beryl (aquamarine) crystal ever found was discovered by a miner at Marambaya, in Minas Gerais state of Brazil. It weighed 110.5 kg (244 lb), and was 40–48 cm (15.5–19 in) in diameter, and was transparent.[45]
  • Born: Jimmie Dodd, American TV personality, host of The Mickey Mouse Club, 1955–59, in Cincinnati (d. 1964)
  • Died: David Josiah Brewer, 73, U.S. Supreme Court Justice

March 29, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • The Pennsylvania Railroad granted a 6% increase in pay for all employees earning less than $300 a month, followed the next day by a similar raise by the Pennsylvania & Reading Railroad.[33]
  • The men of the city of Georgetown, Washington voted 389-238 in favor of bringing their municipality to an end by its annexation to Seattle.[46]

March 30, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

March 31, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The city of Stoke-on-Trent was created by the merger of six English towns: Tunstall, Burslem, Stoke, Fenton, Longton and Hanley.[48]
  • In a dispute over wage demands, 300,000 bituminous coal miners walked out on strike.[33]
  • The Australian-based White Star Line steamer S.S. Pericles sank within three hours after striking a rock near Cape Leeuwin. All passengers and crew were rescued, but the ship remained lost until 1957.[49]
  • The Senate of France approved a program of compulsory old-age insurance by a majority of 560-4, days after the National Assembly had voted in favor of it 280-3. The new law took effect on April 5.[50]


  1. ^ Edgar Haine, Railroad Wrecks (Cornwall Books, 1993), p73; Gary Krist, The White Cascade: The Great Northern Railway Disaster and America's Deadliest Avalanche (Henry Holt & Co., 2007); "Snowslides Snuff Out Lives of 59 in Mountain Ranges", Indianapolis Star, March 2, 1910, p1
  2. ^ "Brazil", in The New International Yearbook 1911 p112
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (April 1910), pp418-422
  4. ^ Bulletin of the International Bureau of the American Republics (April, 1910)
  5. ^ "Valor: In the Beginning..." by John L. Frisbee, "Air Force Magazine", June 1984; Centennial celebration plans
  6. ^ Ferdinand Lundberg, America's 60 Families (Vanguard Press, 1937), p348
  7. ^ C. R. Pennell, Morocco Since 1830: A History (New York University Press, 2000), p147
  8. ^ "Sears Holdings to List Shares on NASDAQ Stock Market", New York Times, February 3, 2005
  9. ^ Disasters of the century - Rogers Pass Avalanche
  10. ^ "A Met Broadcast Moment", by Peter Clark, Playbill Arts, February 3, 2006
  11. ^ James B. Roberts and Alexander G. Skutt, The Boxing Register: International Boxing Hall of Fame Official Record Book, 4th Ed. (McBooks Press, 2006), pp92-93
  12. ^ Eileen F. Lebow, Before Amelia: Women Pilots in the Early Days of Aviation (Brassey's, Inc., 2002), p14
  13. ^ Richard E. Wood, Here Lies Colorado: Fascinating Figures in Colorado History (Farcountry Press, 2005), p173
  14. ^ "Boats Full of Dead", Nebraska State Journal, April 1, 1910, p1
  15. ^ David Robinson, From Peep Show to Palace: The Birth of American Film (Columbia University Press, 1996), pp159-161
  16. ^ "Berlin Easy for the Wanderers", Lethbridge (Alberta) Herald, March 14, 1910, p7
  17. ^ Jaywant D. Joglekar, Veer Savarkar: Father of Hindu Nationalism (, 2006), p69
  18. ^ Ruth Sheldon Knowles, The Greatest Gamblers (University of Oklahoma Press, 1959), p48
  19. ^ "Pioneering Silent Movie Studio Celebrates 100 Years",, November 3, 2009;;
  20. ^ "House Laughs At Cannon's Scepter", Indianapolis Star, March 17, 1910, p1
  21. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, The American Counties (4th Ed.), (The Scarecrow Press, 1983), p480
  22. ^ Smithsonian Institution website
  23. ^ "Rosebery's Motion Accepted By Lords", Winnipeg Free Press, March 18, 1910, p1
  24. ^ Brian Hernan, Forgotten Flyer: The Story of Charles William Snook and other Pioneer Aviators in Western Australia (Tangee Publishing, 2007), pp4-5; "Centenary of Flight Celebrations",
  25. ^ "Power Wrested From Cannon, He Is Retained As Servant Where He Was Almost Czar", The Des Moines News, March 20, 1910, p1; "Cannonism Is Crushed", San Antonio Light and Gazette, March 20, 1910, p1; "Committee on Rules: A History", U.S. House of Representatives website
  26. ^ "Fuller Acts As Arbiter", Indianapolis Star, March 21, 1910, p1
  27. ^
  28. ^ Fielding H. Garrison, M.D. An Introduction to the History of Medicine: With Medical Chronology, Suggestions for Study and Bibliographic Data (W.B. Saunders Co., 1917. p775
  29. ^ "45 Die As Coaches Collapse in Iowa Railroad Tragedy", Indianapolis Star, March 22, 1910, p1; "Gladbrook, IA Train Wreck, March 1910",
  30. ^ "Sonnino, Sidney", Encyclopædia Britannica (12th Ed., 1922), Vol. 3, p525
  31. ^ "History of TCU", Texas Christian University website
  32. ^ Merle Eugene Curti, Peace or War: The American Struggle, 1636-1936 (W. W. Norton, 1936), p222
  33. ^ a b c d e f "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (May 1910), pp543-546
  34. ^ "Third Party Interventions in Intrastate Disputes (TPI) Project", Dr. Mark J. Mullenbach, University of Central Arkansas
  35. ^ National Park Service
  36. ^ Mohandas K. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj and Other Writings (Anthony Parel, ed.) (Cambridge University Press, 1997), p5
  37. ^ H. P. Willmott, The Last Century of Sea Power (Indiana University Press, 2009), p454
  38. ^ "Five Missing May Make Fire Toll 16", Indianapolis Star, March 26, 1910, p2
  39. ^ a b Gordon Carruth, ed., The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates (3rd. Ed.), (Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1962), pp418-422
  40. ^ Billy J. Singleton, Montgomery Aviation (Arcadia Publishing, 2007), p8
  41. ^ "U.S. Air Force Bases",
  42. ^ "Fire Toll May Reach 400", Indianapolis Star, March 29, 1910, p2
  43. ^ "Washington's Cherry Blossoms" by Lorraine Swerdloff
  44. ^ Stéphane Nicolaou, Flying Boats & Seaplanes: A History From 1905 (Motorbooks International, 1998), p 13
  45. ^ U.S. Geological Survey 1911, p 69
  46. ^ Washington State University Libraries
  47. ^ "History of the University of Southern Mississippi" by Yvonne Arnold, USM Archives
  48. ^ "Focus on property in Stoke-on-Trent" The Times (London), October 10, 2008
  49. ^ The Museum of Underwater Archaeology"
  50. ^ I.M. Rubino, Compulsory Old-Age Insurance in France (1911)