March 1962

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
March 7, 1962: First Orbiting Solar Observatory launched by U.S.
March 7, 1962: Ash Wednesday Storm kills 40 people and causes one-half billion dollars in damages
OSO-one
March 3, 1962: United Kingdom claims slice of Antarctica

The following events occurred in March 1962:

March 1, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The very first K-Mart discount store (now Kmart) was opened by the S.S. Kresge Corporation, in Garden City, Michigan.[1] Kresge CEO Harry Cunningham founded and oversaw the growth of what would be the largest chain of American discount stores by 1964. In 1990. K-Mart's #1 spot would be yielded to Wal-Mart, also founded in 1962.[2]
  • "The Incredible Hulk" was introduced as the first issue of the comic book, by that name, appeared on the shelves of American stores and newsstands. Issue #1 was post-dated to May 1962 in accordance with industry practice.[3]
  • American Airlines Flight 1, a Boeing 707, crashed shortly after its 10:07 am takeoff from Idlewild Airport at New York, killing all 95 people on board. The dead included W. Alton Jones, philanthropist and chairman of the board of Cities Service Company (now CITGO).[4] An investigation concluded that the crash was caused by a rudder malfunction, which sent the plane into an uncontrolled roll resulting and loss of control.[5]
  • The largest ticker-tape parade in history took place in New York City as well-wishers turned out to salute American astronaut John Glenn. The city sanitation department collected 3,474 tons of tossed paper afterward, compared to an average of 50 tons for parades in the 21st century.[6]
  • President of Pakistan Ayub Khan promulgated a constitution in order to reinforce his authority in the absence of martial law.[7]
  • Benedicto Kiwanuka became the interim Prime Minister of Uganda as the African colony was granted self-government by the United Kingdom. He would be replaced by Milton Obote the next month, before Uganda's independence on October 9, and would later be murdered by Ugandan President Idi Amin in 1972.[8]
  • The final section of the Cahill Expressway opened in Sydney, Australia.
  • A three-story hotel collapsed in the Egyptian city of Asyut, killing 34 people who were eating after sunset at an Eid ul-Fitr, a feast celebrating the end of the month of Ramadan on the Islamic calendar. Seven survivors were recovered alive from the rubble.[9]

March 2, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

March 3, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

March 4, 1962 (Sunday)[edit]

March 5, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

March 6, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Rated by the U.S. Geological Survey as "The most destructive storm ever to hit the mid-Atlantic states" of the U.S.A., and as one of the ten worst U.S. storms in the 20th century, the Ash Wednesday Storm of 1962 began forming off of the coast of North Carolina and continued for three days as it moved up the Eastern seaboard as far as New York.[23] Heavy winds and rain coincided with a perigean spring tide, when a new Moon occurred when the Moon was making its closest approach to the Earth. The combined tugging of Moon and Sun made the tides higher than normal. Forty people were killed and $500,000,000 of damage was incurred.[24]
  • U.S. Patent #3,023,527 was granted to Wayne Leek and Charles Morse for the Remington Nylon 66, a rifle which required no added lubricants because the stock was made of the nylon variant Zytel.[25]
  • In a joint statement issued by U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Thailand's Foreign Minister Thanat Khoman, the United States pledged to go to war to defend any attack on Thailand by Communist guerillas.[26]
  • Jacques Brel began recording tracks for his album Les Bourgeois.
  • Born: Bengt Baron, Swedish swimmer and 1980 Olympic gold medalist; in Finspång

March 7, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • In London, the Royal College of Physicians issued its report, "Smoking and Health", declaring that "Cigarette smoking is a cause of lung cancer. It also causes bronchitis and probably contributes to the development of coronary heart disease and various other less common diseases. It delays healing of gastric and duodenal ulcers." Sir Robert Platt, the president of the organization, led a committee of nine physicians to compile the research. [27] [28] A panel led by the U.S. Surgeon General would draw a similar conclusion nearly two years later on January 11, 1964.
  • OSO I, the first of nine Orbiting Solar Observatory satellites, launched by the United States, was launched from Cape Canaveral put into orbit around the Earth, to measure radiation from the Sun.[29]
  • The Tipsport Arena opened in Prague, as the Sportovni Hala Praha. In addition to concerts and entertainment, it is the host to the ice hockey team HC Sparta Praha.

March 8, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

March 9, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

  • Three babies at the Binghamton General Hospital in Binghamton, New York died suddenly of heart failure. Three more were dead the next day, with four others in critical condition, and all had abnormally high sodium levels. The deaths of the six infants, three boys and three girls who ranged in age from 3 days to 8 months old, were traced to a nurse's mistaken placement of salt, three days earlier, into a sugar container used for the making of baby formula. Ironically, the discovery was made by another nurse who broke hospital rules when she made herself a cup of coffee in the formula room.[32] The deaths were subsequently ruled as accidental.[33]
  • In the second deadly mine explosion in West Germany in as many months, 29 underground coal miners were killed in at the Saachen mine near Hamm.[34]

March 10, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Newly independent from France, the Kingdom of Morocco adopted its first constitution.[35]
  • Kilmarnock F.C.'s home attendance record was broken when a crowd of 35,995 turned out to see them play Glasgow Rangers in the Scottish Cup, at the Rugby Park stadium.
  • Died: John Henry Turpin, 85, African-American sailor

March 11, 1962 (Sunday)[edit]

March 12, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

  • The "Franc Zone" was created among former French African colonies that had become independent nations, with France managing their economic policies, treasuries, and currencies.[38]
  • Cuba began the rationing of rice, beans, and lard throughout the nation, and of beef, chicken, fish, eggs, and milk in Havana, and introduced the "libreta", literally the "little book", of rationing coupons for families.[39]
  • South Africa's Defence Minister Jacobus Johannes Fouché (who would later serve as President of South Africa outlined his defence policy to make the country self-supporting in military equipment.
  • Mars Rafikov, one of the original 20 Soviet cosmonauts, was arrested for public intoxication, along with Ivan Anikeyev, Rafikov, who had been reprimanded on several other occasions, was dismissed from the program on March 14.[40]
  • Born: Darryl Strawberry, American baseball player, in Los Angeles
  • Died: John McCuish, 55, who served as Governor of Kansas for 11 days from January 3 to January 14, 1957

March 13, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Operation Northwoods, a top secret proposal to use American funding for terror attacks within the United States, was presented to U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara by Army General L. L. Lemnitzer, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. With the goal of carrying out violent acts that could be blamed on the Communist government in Cuba in order to get support for an invasion, the proposals included exploding an empty U.S. Navy ship in Guantanamo Bay and creating a false list of casualties; and faking an attack, to be blamed on Cuba, on a chartered airliner flying from the United States. The most incredible proposal was to simulate a "Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, other Florida cities, and even in Washington", including "exploding a few plastic bombs in carefully chosen spots", and directed against Cuban refugees "even to the point of wounding." The plan, which would be declassified in 2001, was vetoed by McNamara before it reached President Kennedy.[41]

March 14, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Tony Jackson of the Chicago Majors scored twelve three-point baskets, as part of the short-lived American Basketball League, which pioneered the rule for shots from more than 25 feet away. Jackson's pro record for most treys, set in 124-122 loss to the Cleveland Pipers, has not been broken, but has been tied twice in the NBA, by Kobe Bryant of the Lakers in 2003, and by Donyell Marshall of the Raptors in 2005. The record in the American Basketball Association, second major league to use the 3 point basket, was set by Les Selvage with ten.[42]
  • Edward M. "Teddy" Kennedy, the 30-year-old brother of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate seat that had been held by JFK. The incumbent, Benjamin A. Smith II, was a Kennedy family friend who had been appointed to fill the seat until a special election could be scheduled. Ted Kennedy, who had to wait until his 30th birthday, on February 22, to become eligible, would win the primary and general election, and then re-election in 1964, 1970, 1976, 1982, 1988, 1994, 2000 and 2006, serving for almost 47 years until his death in 2009.[43]

March 15, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The comic strip Mafalda, created by Argentine cartoonist Quino (Joaquín Salvador Lavado), made its first appearance. With a 6-year-old girl as the protagonist, the comic became popular worldwide and was translated from Spanish into 25 other languages, except for English.[44]
  • Three months before he was scheduled to be launched into space, U.S. astronaut Donald K. "Deke" Slayton was grounded by NASA after having been diagnosed with a heart murmur.[45] One of the original "Mercury Seven", Slayton would be replaced by Scott Carpenter on the May launch of Aurora 7. In 1975, Slayton would finally go into outer space on the Apollo–Soyuz Test Project.[46]
  • In an address to a joint session of the U.S. Congress and a milestone in the history of consumer protection, President Kennedy asked for the passage of the "Consumer Bill of Rights". The President listed four basic rights that should be guaranteed by the federal government to American purchasers of goods and services— the right to safety, the right to be informed, the right to choose and the right to be heard. After being passed into law, the idea would be taken up worldwide and serve as the inspiration the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection.[47]
  • The Manpower Development and Training Act of 1962 was signed into law by President Kennedy, after passing 60-31 in the U.S. Senate and 354-62 in the House.[48]
  • Katangan Prime Minister Moise Tshombe began negotiations for the breakaway State of Katanga to end its secession and to rejoin the Congo.
  • Died:
    • Arthur Compton, 69, American physicist and 1927 Nobel Prize laureate for his discovery of the Compton effect
    • Mouloud Feraoun, 49, Algerian novelist, after he and five colleagues were kidnapped and murdered by the OAS paramilitary group.

March 16, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

March 17, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

March 18, 1962 (Sunday)[edit]

March 19, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

March 20, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Defying the ceasefire between the French Army and the Algerian FLN guerillas, the dissident European Algerian group, the OAS fired five mortar shells into a crowd of civilians at the Casbah in Algiers, killing four and wounding 67 people.[65]
  • At an extraordinary session of the National Assembly, French deputies and senators approved the statements made by the President of the Republic, Charles de Gaulle, and by the Government following the signing of the Évian Accords on Algeria.
  • Woodruff Place, Indiana, incorporated in 1876, came to an end as a separate town after the United States Supreme Court declined to review a state court decision that allowed the area to be annexed by Indianapolis.[66]
  • Died:
    • C. Wright Mills, 45, popular American sociologist at Columbia University, whose books influenced the "New Left"
    • A. E. Douglass, 84, American astronomer
    • Stan Wootton, 66, Australian rules footballer and cricketer

March 21, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

March 22, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

JFK, Hoover and RFK
  • FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover met at the White House with John F. Kennedy, to advise him about what findings from a wiretap revealed. Not only was Hoover aware that President Kennedy was conducting an extramarital affair with Judith Exner, Hoover advised that Ms. Exner was also romantically involved with organized crime figures Sam Giancana and Johnny Roselli, and Frank Sinatra.[71] After the meeting, Kennedy called Exner to terminate the relationship. The affair would not become public knowledge until Congressional hearings were held in 1975.[72]
  • As part of the Evian Accords, France and Algeria granted a general amnesty to Algerian nationalists who "aided or abetted the Algerian insurrection" and to French and Algerian servicemen who "have committed infractions during the maintenance of order against the Algerian insurrection". On June 17, 1966, France would extend the amnesty to OAS members "who committed infractions against state security during the events in Algeria.[73]
  • Having moved to the Soviet Union, Lee Harvey Oswald received a March 7 notice advising that his discharge from the U.S. Marines had been changed from "honorable" to "undesirable", and wrote an unsuccessful protest to the U.S. Department of Defense.[74]
  • Adolf Eichmann began an appeal to an Israeli court, as his lawyer, Robert Servatius sought to spare Eichmann from the death sentence ordered in his 1961 war crimes conviction.[75] The verdict would be upheld, and Eichmann would be executed on May 31.[76]
  • Died: Hal Price Headley, 73, American race horse owner and operator of the Keeneland horseracing track

March 23, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

March 24, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

March 25, 1962 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Edmond Jouhaud, former General of the French Army who had become second-in-command of the European Algerian OAS, was arrested in Oran. It was not until six hours after his capture that police discovered that Messr. Gerberd was actually General Jouhaud. OAS Commander Raoul Salan remained at large.[81]
  • Died: Auguste Piccard, 78, Swiss physicist and explorer

March 26, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

  • In Baker v. Carr, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled, 6-2, that federal courts could order state legislatures to reapportion seats.[82] In doing so, the Court overturned its 1946 ruling, in Colegrove v. Green, that it had no jurisdiction to decide redistricting disputes were political issues. Within a year after the ruling, lawsuits had been filed in 36 states to redraw the legislative maps.[83]
  • Hundreds of European settlers in Algeria staged a peaceful march in Algiers to protest the sealing off of their neighborhood at Bab El Oued. As they approached French Army barricades, fighting broke out, leaving 51 dead, mostly European, and 130 wounded.[84]
  • After having withdrawn from public view for several months, Cuban Premier Fidel Castro went on television to denounce Anibal Escalante, who had been a high-ranking official of the Cuban Communist Party. Escalante, whom Castro accused of "sectarianism" and using the Party to further his personal ambition, was fired the next day.[85]
  • France shortened the term for military service from 26 months to 18.
  • Born: Rajeev Motwani, Indian-American theoretical computer scientist, in Jammu (drowned 2009)
  • Died: Augusta Savage, 70, African-American sculptor

March 27, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

March 28, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

President Frondizi, deposed
President al-Kudsi, arrested
  • After an eleven-day showdown with the Argentine armed forces over the gains of Peronists in March 18 elections, President Arturo Frondizi was forced to resign. Frondizi, who had reportedly avoided overthrow in 25 previous coups d'état, was arrested at his home and then flown to a military base on Martín García Island.[87] Two days later, Senate President José María Guido was approved by the armed forces as the new President.[88]
  • Nazim al-Kudsi, the President of Syria, was arrested along with Prime Minister Maarouf al-Dawalibi, following an Army-led coup.[89] To avert a possible civil war, the Army junta resigned on April 13, released Kudsi, and restored him to the presidency.[90]
  • Died: Robert Neyland, 70, former U.S. Army Brigadier General and long time football coach of the University of Tennessee

March 29, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The conveying of a life peerage on Sir Ian Macdonald Horobin was announced; two weeks later he withdrew his acceptance and was subsequently jailed for an indecency offence.
  • U.S. Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Whittaker resigned due to poor health.[91]
  • Comedian Jack Paar concluded his last appearance as host of "The Jack Paar Show" then known informally as "The Tonight Show" on NBC, after five years.[92] The guests on the last show were Jack E. Leonard, Alexander King, Robert Merrill and Buddy Hackett. Among those appearing in taped farewell messages were Richard Nixon, Robert Kennedy, Billy Graham, Bob Hope and Jack Benny. Hugh Downs was the announcer, and Jose Melis led the band. The show would continue as "The Tonight Show" the following week, with guest hosts, until Johnny Carson took over on October 1, 1962. Paar's last regular appearance was on a Thursday. The final show, on Friday March 30th, 1962 was a "Best Of Paar" rerun. Jack Paar returned to television later that year, in November, as host of the Friday night "The Jack Paar Program"
Whttaker
White

March 30, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

  • Former college and pro football player Byron "Whizzer" White, the Deputy Attorney General of the United States, was nominated by President Kennedy to succeed Charles Whittaker.[93]
  • Teddy Kennedy, running for the U.S. Senate seat vacated by his older brother, President John F. Kennedy, disclosed that he had been required to drop out of Harvard University in 1951, after having cheated on a freshman examination.[94] Nevertheless, the younger Kennedy would win the 1962 primary and general elections, and be re-elected for more terms by Massachusetts voters.
  • Born: MC Hammer, American rapper, as Stanley Burrell, in Oakland, California

March 31, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "30 Years of K Mart", Discount Store News, February 17, 1992
  2. ^ Peter J. Rea and Harold Kerzner, Strategic Planning: A Practical Guide (John Wiley and Sons, 1997) pp78-80
  3. ^ MarvelMasterworks.com; "Hulk 50! Marvel No Give Hulk A Birthday Party. Hulk Sad."
  4. ^ "95 DIE IN NEW YORK JET CRASH" Miami News, March 1, 1962, p1
  5. ^ Aviation Safety Network
  6. ^ Kenneth T Jackson, The Encyclopedia of New York City (Yale University Press, 2010)
  7. ^ "Pakistan Gets New Constitution", Miami News, March 1, 1962, p1
  8. ^ Kenneth Ingham, Obote: A Political Biography (Routledge, 1994) p73
  9. ^ "Egypt Hotel Collapses, 29 Killed, Miami News, March 1, 1962, p6A
  10. ^ "WILT HITS IT... 100", Miami News, March 3, 1962, p1B; Gary M. Pomerantz, Wilt, 1962: The Night of 100 Points and the Dawn of a New Era (Random House, 2006)
  11. ^ "Army Takes Control After Burma Coup", St. Petersburg Times, March 3, 1962, p1; Robert H. Taylor, The State in Myanmar (NUS Press, 2009) p293
  12. ^ "U.S. RESUMES AIR TESTS IN APRIL", Toledo Blade, March 3, 1962, p1
  13. ^ "Early record on test moratoriums", by Robert A. Divine, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (May 1986) p26
  14. ^ Edmund Jan Osmańczyk and Anthony Mango, Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements (Taylor & Francis, 2003) p100
  15. ^ "Red Pilot Flees China In Mig 15", Miami News, March 4, 1962, p4A
  16. ^ "Chinese Give Defector Biggest Formosa Parade", Miami News, March 4, 1962, p8A
  17. ^ "ALL 111 KILLED IN AFRICA AIRPLANE CRASH", Miami News, March 5, 1962, p1
  18. ^ Edgar A. Haine, Disaster in the Air (Associated University Presses, 2000) p168-169
  19. ^ "Newcastle Calling". TV Week. 24 February 1962. p. 27. Archived from the original on 27 May 2007. Retrieved 26 May 2007. 
  20. ^ "The long history: the test ban debate", by G. Allen Greb and Warren Heckrotte, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (August 1983) p38
  21. ^ "B58 Smashes 3 Records Streaking Across U.S. — Breaks Windows, Too, Daytona Beach (FL) Morning Journal, March 6, 1962, p1
  22. ^ Erik M. Conway, High-speed Dreams: NASA and the Technopolitics of Supersonic Transportation, 1945–1999 (JHU Press, 2005) p62
  23. ^ Angus Gunn, A Student Guide to Climate and Weather: Weather Extremes (ABC-CLIO, Nov 30, 2009) p41
  24. ^ "1974 and 1975 will be years for high tides", New Scientist, January 10, 1974, p52
  25. ^ Dan Shideler, The Greatest Guns of Gun Digest (Krause Publications, 2010) p155
  26. ^ John Grenville, Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century (Volume 2) (Taylor & Francis, 2000) p613
  27. ^ "Doctors Blame the Cigarette— Royal College Report Seeks Ban on Advertising", Glasgow Herald, March 8, 1962, p1
  28. ^ "British Study Links Cigarette Smoking to Cancer, Other Killers", Amarillo (TX) Globe-Times, March 8, 1962, p8
  29. ^ "U.S. Launches 'Sun Observer'", The Pittsburgh Press, March 7, 1962, p1
  30. ^ Albert R. Jonsen, The Birth of Bioethics (Oxford University Press, 2003) p141
  31. ^ Walter Everett, The Beatles as Musicians: The Quarry Men through Rubber Soul (Oxford University Press, 2001)
  32. ^ "Babies Die In Hospital; Probe Due", Spokane Spokesman-Review, March 12, 1962, p1; "Six Babies in Hospital Die; Cause Is Sought", Milwaukee Journal, March 12, 1962, p3
  33. ^ "Why 6 Babies Died Of Salt Poison", Miami News, June 20, 1962, p2A
  34. ^ "29 Germans Die In Mine Blast", Pittsburgh Press, March 9, 1962, p1
  35. ^ Timothy Waema and Edith Ofwona Adera, Local Governance and ICTs in Africa: Case Studies and Guidelines for Implementation and Evaluation (IDRC, 2011) p167
  36. ^ "Pope, Jackie Visit 32 Minutes", Milwaukee Sentinel, March 12, 1962, p1
  37. ^ "Axed Stanley", by Mike Gent, When Saturday Comes Magazine (April 2002), reprinted in Power Corruption and Pies (WSC Books Limited, 2006) p170
  38. ^ Bruce Parrott, The End of Empire?: The Transformation of the USSR in Comparative Perspective (M.E. Sharpe, 1997) p141
  39. ^ Volker Skierka, Fidel Castro: A Biography (Wiley-Blackwell, 2004) p121
  40. ^ Colin Burgess and Rex Hall, The First Soviet Cosmonaut Team: Their Lives, Legacy, and Historical Impact (Springer, 2009) p358
  41. ^ Text of Operation Northwoods memorandum; Gene Healy, The Cult of the Presidency: America's Dangerous Devotion to Executive Power (Cato Institute, 2009) p94
  42. ^ John Grasso, Historical Dictionary of Basketball (Scarecrow Press, 2010) p353; "Majors Win, Drop to Second", Milwaukee Journal, March 15, 1962, pC-2
  43. ^ Edward Klein, Ted Kennedy: The Dream That Never Died (Random House, 2010) p64
  44. ^ David William Foster, Buenos Aires: Perspectives on the City and Cultural Production (University Press of Florida, 1998) pp17-18
  45. ^ "Slayton Out as Astronaut", Milwaukee Sentinel, March 16, 1962, p1
  46. ^ Donald K. Slayton, with Michael Cassutt, Deke!— U.S. Manned Space: From Mercury to the Shuttle (Macmillan, 1995)
  47. ^ Lawrence B. Glickman, Buying Power: A History of Consumer Activism in America (University of Chicago Press, 2009) p282
  48. ^ Sean J. Savage, JFK, LBJ, and the Democratic Party (SUNY Press, 2006) p104
  49. ^ "U.S. Plane Lost With 107", Milwaukee Sentinel, March 16, 1962, p1
  50. ^ Aviation-Safety.net
  51. ^ Samuel Katz, Israeli Elite Units since 1948 (Osprey Publishing, Jun 23, 1988) p24
  52. ^ Michel Capderou, Satellites: Orbits and Missions, Volume 1 (Springer, 2005) p190
  53. ^ Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer, State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide (Greenwood Publishing, 2002) p361
  54. ^ "40 years after Bridgetown", BBC.co.UK, 17 March 2002
  55. ^ "Cricket ball kills umpire", The Telegraph (Kolkata), July 6, 2009
  56. ^ HistoryLink.org
  57. ^ History of the GAA
  58. ^ "Accord at Evian"; Truce in 7-Year War Is in Effect Today", New York Times, March 18, 1962, p1; "Evian- An Experiment of World Significance", The Age (Melbourne), March 22, 1962, p2
  59. ^ Phillip C. Naylor, Historical Dictionary of Algeria (Scarecrow Press, 2006) pp224-225
  60. ^ Martin Evans and John Phillips, Algeria: Anger of the Dispossessed (Yale University Press, 2007) p63
  61. ^ William E. Watson, Tricolor and Crescent: France and the Islamic World (Greenwood Publishing, 2003) p242
  62. ^ "Moslem Riots Break Algerian Cease Fire", Milwaukee Journal, March 19, 1962, p2
  63. ^ Bob Spitz, Dylan: A Biography (W. W. Norton & Company, 1991) pp182-183
  64. ^ William Luis, Culture and Customs of Cuba (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001) p47
  65. ^ "Mortar Fire Blasts Moslems", Milwaukee Journal, March 21, 1962, p1
  66. ^ David J. Bodenhamer and Robert G. Barrows, The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis (Indiana University Press, 1994) pp1452–1453
  67. ^ James S. O'Rourke, Management Communication: A Case-Analysis Approach (Prentice Hall, 2009) p371
  68. ^ "South Korean President Quits", Milwaukee Sentinel, March 21, 1962, p1
  69. ^ "Sedative Blamed in Third Case", Montreal Gazette, March 30, 1962, p4
  70. ^ "Actor Rex Harrison Takes Fourth Bride", Milwaukee Journal, March 21, 1962, p2
  71. ^ Curt Gentry, J. Edgar Hoover: The Man and the Secrets (W. W. Norton & Company, 2011)
  72. ^ Richard Reeves, President Kennedy: Profile of Power (Simon and Schuster, 2011) p290
  73. ^ Ussama Makdisi and Paul A. Silverstein, eds., Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa (Indiana University Press, 2006) pp163-164
  74. ^ Diane Holloway, The Mind of Oswald (Trafford Publishing, 2000) p94
  75. ^ "Eichmann Begs for Mercy", Milwaukee Journal, March 23, 1962, p2
  76. ^ Ron Christenson, Political Trials in History: From Antiquity to the Present (Transaction Publishers, 1991) p121
  77. ^ William H. Brock, The Chemical Tree: A History of Chemistry (W. W. Norton & Company, 1993) p329
  78. ^ "Paret 'Serious' After Defeat", Pittsburgh Press, March 25, 1962, p4-1
  79. ^ "Paret Dies of Brain Injuries Received in Mar. 24 Fight", Milwaukee Journal, April 2, 1962, p15
  80. ^ "Cincinnati Beats Ohio State, 70-51", Milwaukee Journal, March 25, 1962, p2-1
  81. ^ "French Troops Capture One Of Top Underground Leaders", Ocala (FL) Star-Banner, March 26, 1962; "Secret Army's No. 2 Man Arrested in Raid in Oran", New York Times, March 27, 1962, p1
  82. ^ "US High Court Reverses Stand on Reapportionment", Milwaukee Journal, March 26, 1962, p1
  83. ^ Christine L. Compston, Earl Warren: Justice for All (Oxford University Press, 2002) p125
  84. ^ "51 Die in Algiers Massacre", Milwaukee Journal, March 25, 1962, p1
  85. ^ "Castro Fires Stalin-Type Red Leader", Pittsburgh Press, March 27, 1962, p1
  86. ^ James Glanz and Eric Lipton, City in the Sky: The Rise and Fall of the World Trade Center (Macmillan, 2003) p66; "Rockefeller Signs Hudson Tube Bill; H. & M.-Trade Center Work to Be Started Quickly", New York Times, March 28, 1962, p27
  87. ^ "FRONDIZI OUT, ARMY IN", Milwaukee Journal, March 29, 1962, p1
  88. ^ "Military OKs New President Of Argentina", Milwaukee Journal, March 31, 1962, p1
  89. ^ "Army Grabs Reins in Syria", Miami News, March 27, 1962, p1
  90. ^ "Syria Reappoints Ousted President", 'Miami News, April 13, 1962, p1
  91. ^ "Whittaker Quits Supreme Court", Milwaukee Journal, March 30, 1962, p2
  92. ^ "And Jack Was His Paar Excellence", Miami News, March 30, 1962, p1
  93. ^ "JFK Names Whizzer White To High Court", Milwaukee Journal, March 31, 1962, p2
  94. ^ "EXPELLED BY HARVARD; TED KENNEDY TELLS WHY", 'Miami News, March 30, 1962, p1
  95. ^ "Florida Tornado Kills 15", Milwaukee Journal, April 1, 1962, p1