March 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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March 20 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - March 22

All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For March 21st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on March 8.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Saint Maria the Martyr is unknown in the Synaxaristes. However her memory is recorded in the Lavreotic Codex, as well as in the hymn in which the martyr is glorified as a "beautiful victor" (Greek: καλλίνικος), which was probably composed by the hymnographer Theophanes the Confessor.
  3. ^ "A companion of St Antony the Great, he lived in the Nitrian desert, in charge of the monastery of Arsina which contained 11,000 monks. Palladius and Sozomenes gave him the title "the Great". He entered into rest in about 366. St Serapion wrote: "Do not think that sickness is grave; only sin is grave... Sickness leads us only to the tomb, but sin follows the sinner beyond it"." (Prologue)[6]
  4. ^ Ancient manuscripts record his memory as being celebrated on the 18th and 22nd of February, and on March 19, 20, and 22. Parisian Codex 1587, and St Petersburg Codex 227, refer to the translation of his relics on the 19th and 20th of March.
  5. ^ "This Saint took up the monastic life from his youth in the Monastery of Studium , where he became a disciple of Saint Theodore the Studite. Later he became bishop and suffered many afflictions and torments at the hands of the Iconoclasts. Saint Theodore composed a homily in honour of this Saint James (PG 99, 1353-1356)."[11] Saint Theodore the Studite refers to a certain Jacob the Confessor who died in the year 818 AD, but there is no mention made as to whether he was bishop.[10]
  6. ^ A service to St. Beryllus was composed by Saints Theophanes and Joseph the Hymnographer.[12]
  7. ^ Brother of St Romanus of Condat, with whom he founded the monasteries of St Claud (Condat) in the Jura, and Lauconne.[13]
  8. ^ Brother of St Fanchea, he was the earliest founder of monasteries in Ireland, of which the main one was on Inishmore. Sts Kieran and Brendan were among his disciples.[13]
  9. ^ See: (Russian) Феодор (Поздеевский). Википе́дия. Russian Wikipedia.
    • Собором Русской православной церкви за границей в 1981 году был канонизован как священномученик и исповедник.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l March 21/April 3. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Δομνίνος καὶ Φιλήμων οἱ Μάρτυρες. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ a b c d The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.82-83.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Μαρία ἡ Μάρτυς ἡ ἐν Πέργῃ. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ a b c The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.23.
  6. ^ St. Serapion, bishop of Thmuis in Lower Egypt, friend of St. Anthony the Great (358). HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Σεραπίων ὁ Σιδώνιος. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θωμᾶς Πατριάρχης Κωνσταντινουπόλεως. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ St Thomas the Patriarch of Constantinople. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  10. ^ a b Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰάκωβος ὁ Ὁμολογητής. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ March 21. In: The Great Horologion or Book of Hours. Transl. from the Greek by Holy Transfiguration Monastery. Boston, Massachusetts, 1997. p. 447.
  12. ^ a b Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Βήρυλλος Ἐπίσκοπος Κατάνης. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ a b c d e March 21. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  14. ^ St Cyril the Bishop of Catania. OCA - Feasts of the Saints.
  15. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μιχαὴλ ὁ Νεομάρτυρας. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. ^ (Greek) Συναξαριστής. Νεομάρτυρος Μιχαήλ του εκ Γρανίτσης Ευρυτανίας (1544). ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  17. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Σεραφείμ ἐκ Βυρίτσας Ρωσίας. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ Venerable Seraphim of Virits. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  19. ^ a b April 3 / March 21. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  20. ^ (Russian) 21 марта (ст.ст.) 3 апреля 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεόδωρος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Ἐπίσκοπος Ποζδέγιεβ. 21 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.

Sources[edit]

  • March 21/April 3. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • April 3 / March 21. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Orthodox Calendar. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • March 21. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. March. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.23.
  • March 21. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.82-83.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources

  • (Russian) 3 апреля (21 марта). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  • (Russian) 21 марта (ст.ст.) 3 апреля 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).