March 8 Alliance
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This article needs to be updated.(May 2018)
|Political position||Big tent|
|Seats in the Parliament of Lebanon|
75 / 128
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The March 8 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 8 آذار, translit. taḥāluf 8 adhār) is a coalition of various political parties in Lebanon. It was the ruling coalition in Lebanon with the government headed by Prime Minister Najib Mikati from June 2011 until 23 March 2013.
The name dates back to 8 March 2005 when different parties called for a mass demonstration in downtown Beirut in response to the Cedar Revolution. The demonstration thanked Syria for helping stop the Lebanese Civil War and the aid in stabilising Lebanon and supporting the Lebanese resistance to the Israeli occupation.
Inclusion of Free Patriotic Movement
The Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) was the basis of the March 14 Alliance movement. FPM launched the Liberation War against the Syrian Army on 14 March 1989 and participated in all demonstrations against the Syrian occupation until the Cedar Revolution's mass demonstration on 14 March 2005. The Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) split from the March 14 Alliance on 6 February 2006, when its leader Michel Aoun signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Hezbollah. FPM considered its project against the Syrian government completed when the Syrian army left Lebanon at the end of April 2005.
Free Patriotic Movement led by Michel Aoun eventually joined the rival March 8 Alliance, becoming one of its principal coalition partners.
Ruling Alliance (2011–2013)
The Progressive Socialist Party left the March 14 alliance in January 2011 after being one of its cornerstones and ostensibly aligned itself with the alliance's Change and Reform Bloc after Walid Jumblatt visited Damascus. This move gave the alliance and its partners a majority in the parliament, enabling them to name Najib Mikati as prime minister to form the Lebanese government of June 2011.
The government led by March 8 Alliance survived 22 months until Mikati's resignation on 23 March 2013.
2016 presidential elections
After a presidential vacuum that lasted from 23 April 2014 until 31 October 2016, the Parliament was able to elect MP and former General Michel Aoun, who in turn nominated March 14 member Saad Hariri as Prime Minister.
2018 legislative elections
The alliance emerged victorious as they gathered 70 seats out of 128, in the first legislative elections since 2009.
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It currently holds 70 of 128 seats in the parliament after the 2018 elections and consists of:
|Flag||Party||Arabic Name||Ideology||Demographic Base||Seats in Parliament (after 2018 election)|
|Free Patriotic Movement||at-Tayyar al-Watani al-Hurr
التيار الوطني الحر
|Lebanese nationalism||Maronite Christian||29|
29 / 128
|Amal Movement||Harakat Amal
17 / 128
|Islamic nationalism||Shi'a Muslim||13|
13 / 128
|Lebanese Democratic Party||al-Hizb ad-Dimuqrati al-Lubnani
الحزب الديمقراطي اللبناني
1 / 128
|El Marada Movement||Tayyar al-Marada
|Lebanese nationalism||Christian, mainly Maronite||3|
|Glory Movement||Harakat Majd
|Armenian Revolutionary Federation||Tashnag
|Syrian Social Nationalist Party||al-Hizb as-Suri al-Qawmi al-Ijtima'i
الحزب السوري القومي الإجتماعي
|Syrian nationalism||Secular with support across all communities||3|
|Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region||Hizb al-Ba'th al-Arabi al-Ishtiraki
حزب البعث العربي الإشتراكي
|Solidarity Party||Hizb at-Tadamoun
|Lebanese nationalism||Maronite Christian||0|
|Skaff Bloc||Kutlat Skaff
|Christian Democracy||Greek Catholic Christian||0|
|Popular Nasserist Organization||at-Tanzim ash-Sha’bi al-Nasiri
التنظيم الشعبي الناصري
|Arab Democratic Party||al-Hizb ad-Dimuqrati al-Arabi
الحزب الديمقراطي العربي
- March 8 finished, Aoun out in the cold The Daily Star 10 July 2013
- El Basha, Thomas (22 March 2013). "Lebanese PM announces resignation of his government". The Daily Star. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
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