March for Women's Lives
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The March for Women's Lives was a demonstration for reproductive rights and women's rights, held April 25, 2004 on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.. March organizers estimated that 1.15 million people participated, declaring it "the largest protest in U.S. history"; others estimated no more than 800,000 marchers, with the Associated Press and the BBC putting the figure between 500,000 and 800,000, comparable to the Million Man March of 1995. (The National Park Service no longer makes official estimates of attendance after the Million Man March controversy in 1994, so estimates are unofficial and may be speculative.) Participants protested the recently passed Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act (2003) as well as other policies they believed to be "anti-women". Pro-life protesters were present in some places along the march route. There were no violent incidents, despite the Washington Post's Hank Steuver referring to it as "aggressive and even occasionally, almost delightfully, profane."
Events and participants
A rally on the Mall began at 10 a.m., and was followed by a march through downtown Washington, with a route along Pennsylvania Avenue. Notable celebrities who appeared at the march included Peter, Paul and Mary, Indigo Girls, Moby, Ani DiFranco, Susan Sarandon, Whoopi Goldberg, Ashley Judd, Kathleen Turner, Ted Turner, Ana Gasteyer, Janeane Garofalo, Bonnie Franklin, Holly Near, Cris Williamson, Julianne Moore and former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright; also appearing were veteran abortion rights leaders, such as Kate Michelman of NARAL Pro-Choice America and Gloria Steinem, and many members of Congress, including Hillary Clinton. Sponsoring organizations included NARAL Pro-Choice America, Choice USA, the Feminist Majority Foundation, Planned Parenthood, the American Civil Liberties Union, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the National Organization for Women, the National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health, Code Pink, and Black Women's Health Imperative.
Pro-life counter-protesters, some affiliated with Randall Terry's "Operation Witness", lined a portion of the march route along Pennsylvania Avenue. Terry estimated that there were "over a thousand" counter-protesters; pro-choice writer Jo Freeman estimated that there were "about 300", and the Washington Post wrote that there were "scores". Sixteen protesters from the Christian Defense Coalition were arrested for demonstrating without a permit when they crossed police barricades into the area designated for the March.
George W. Bush went on to win a second term, and the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act was not repealed. The Supreme Court of the United States upheld the law in its 2007 Gonzales v. Carhart decision, and partial-birth abortion is still illegal as of 2016.
-  Washington Post
- "Abortion activists on the march". BBC News. BBC. 26 April 2004. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
- "History of Marches and Mass Actions" NOW.org
- "The March for Women's Lives, April 2004". Jofreeman.com. 2004-04-25. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
-  Hank Stuever, Washington Post, April 26, 2004, via George.Loper.Org. Archived November 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "family planning capitalism vitamins for at". Societyfortruthandjustice.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
- Williamson, Elizabeth (2004-04-25). "Abortion Rights Advocates Flood D.C. (washingtonpost.com)". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
- Jo Freeman: March for Women's Lives (text and photos)
- "Pro-Choice March Largest in History", Women's eNews, April 25, 2004
- Choice USA Photo gallery (photos)
- Washington Post, April 25, 2004: Abortion Rights Advocates Flood DC
- NOW: Why You Should March
- LifeNews: Catholic Group Leaves Anti-War Coalition Over Pro-Abortion March
- NOW History of Marches and Mass Actions
- NOW March for Women's Lives gallery (text and photos)
- March for Women's Lives Records. Schlesinger Library. Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University