Marchand Ennery

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Ennery's grave at Père Lachaise Cemetery, (7th division)

Marchand Ennery was a French rabbi; brother of Jonas Ennery; born in Nancy 1792; died in Paris 21 August 1852; studied Talmud under Baruch Guggenheim and at the rabbinical school of Herz Scheuer, in Mainz. He went to Paris, became teacher in the family of a wealthy coreligionist, and in 1819 was appointed director of the new Jewish school at Nancy. At this time he published his Hebrew-French lexicon, the first of its kind to appear in France. In 1829 he became chief rabbi of Paris; in 1846 chief rabbi of the Central Consistory; in 1850 chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He was succeeded as chief rabbi by Salomon Ulmann.


  • Dictionnaire hébreu-français (first edition: 1827), Colbo, 1981
  • Dictionnaire de la Bible hébraïque, Colbo, 1996, ISBN 2-85332-178-9
  • Lexique hébreu-français, Durlacher, Paris, 1949


  • Histoire des Juifs en France, under the direction of Bernhard Blumenkranz, Privat, 1972
  • Dictionnaire biographique des rabbins et autres ministres du culte israélite; France et Algérie, du Grand Sanhédrin (1807) à la loi de Séparation(1905) - Berg International Éditeurs, Paris, 2007, notice E37, pages 283-285.