Marchantiales

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Marchantiales
Marchantiales cf Conocephalum 20071111.jpg
Conocephalum conicum - a thallose liverwort
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Marchantiophyta
Class: Marchantiopsida
Order: Marchantiales
Limpr., 1877[1]
Families

See Classification

Marchantiales is an order of thallose liverworts that includes species like Marchantia polymorpha, a widespread plant often found beside rivers, and Lunularia cruciata, a common and often troublesome weed in moist, temperate gardens and greenhouses.

As in other bryophytes, the gametophyte generation is dominant, with the sporophyte existing as a short-lived part of the life cycle, dependent upon the gametophyte.

The genus Marchantia is often used to typify the order, although there are also many species of Asterella and species of the genus Riccia are more numerous. The majority of genera are characterized by the presence of (a) special stalked vertical branches called archegoniophores or carocephala, and (b) sterile cells celled elaters inside the sporangium.

Phylogeny[edit]

Based on the work by Villarreal et al. 2015[2]


Marchantiaceae

Marchantia




Bucegia



Preissia





Dumortieraceae

Dumortiera



Aytoniaceae

Cryptomitrium




Mannia




Asterella




Reboulia



Plagiochasma







Cleveaceae

Aitchisoniella





Clevea



Peltolepis





Athalamia



Sauteria








Monocleaceae

Monoclea


Conocephalaceae

Conocephalum




Oxymitraceae

Oxymitra


Ricciaceae

Ricciocarpos



Riccia







Targioniaceae

Targionia


Wiesnerellaceae

Wiesnerella




Monosoleniaceae

Monosolenium



Cyathodiaceae

Cyathodium


Corsiniaceae

Corsinia




Stephensoniella



Cronisia



Exormotheca












Classification[edit]

Taxonomy based on work by Söderström et al. 2016[3] and synomyms from Collection of genus-group names in a systematic arrangement.[4]

Cross section through a marchantialian thallus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Limpricht, G. (1877 "1876"). "Lebermoose". In Cohn, F. Kryptogamen-Flora von Schlesien. 1. pp. 225–352.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ Villarreal; et al. (2015). "Divergence times and the evolution of morphological complexity in an early land plant lineage (Marchantiopsida) with a slow molecular rate". New Phytologist. 209 (4): 1734–46. doi:10.1111/nph.13716. 
  3. ^ Söderström; et al. (2016). "World checklist of hornworts and liverworts". Phytokeys. 59: 1–826. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.59.6261. 
  4. ^ "Part 2- Plantae (starting with Chlorophycota)". Collection of genus-group names in a systematic arrangement. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  • Crandall-Stotler, Barbara J. & Stotler, Raymond E. "Morphology and classification of the Marchantiophyta". page 63 in A. Jonathan Shaw & Bernard Goffinet (Eds.), Bryophyte Biology. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press:2000). ISBN 0-521-66097-1.
  • Grolle, Riclef (1983). "Nomina generica Hepaticarum; references, types and synonymies". Acta Botanica Fennica 121, 1-62.

External links[edit]