Marche Henri IV
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Vive Henri IV (instrumental)
"Marche Henri IV", alternatively "Vive Henri IV" or "Vive le roi Henri", is a popular French song celebrating King Henry IV of France (also known as Le Bon Roi Henri, "Good King Henry"). The melody comes from Thoinot Arbeau's work Orchesographie; it is the Branle Couppé "Cassandre", while the lyrics were written for a comedy opera in 1770. At later dates, more lyrics were added to the song. and refers to the first Bourbon King of France, Henry IV (Henry III of Navarre), who had ended the Wars of Religion and restored peace to France (hence his sobriquet). Additional lyrics supporting either the Revolutionary or Restorationist causes were sung during the course of the French Revolution.
|French lyrics||Literal English translation|
Vive Henri quatre
Long live Henry IV
Au diable guerres,
To hell with wars,
Let us sing the refrain
Vive la France!
Long live France!
In other works
- Marche Henri IV was a common leitmotif for French royalty in several 19th-century works, such as in Gioachino Rossini's opera Il viaggio a Reims (in the finale, when Charles X is crowned) and in the final march in Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet The Sleeping Beauty (and the same march is recalled in the final scene of Sleeping Beauty by Walt Disney, since it includes arrangements and adaptations from the ballet).
- It was set for piano solo by Franz Liszt in c. 1870-80 (S. 239).
- It is mentioned as one of the tunes played in Russia after the defeat of Napoleon in "The Blizzard" by Alexander Pushkin.
- The anthem is also mentioned in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace, and actually performed by French prisoners in the Russian film production of the same name.
- In Les Misérables, Victor Hugo has the character of Grantaire sing alternate Dionysian lyrics to the tune to rile his fellow student insurrectionists.
- It is used in the soundtrack for the television series Turn: Washington's Spies, when introducing a scene involving French military forces.
- "Vive Henri IV!", accessed 2017-12-10, http://www.henri-iv.culture.fr/medias/en/pdf/0/756_10.pdf
- I.E. achieve the impossible