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The Marchman Act, officially the "Hal S. Marchman Alcohol and Other Drug Services Act of 1993", is a Florida law that provides a means of involuntary and voluntary assessment and stabilization and treatment of a person allegedly abusing alcohol or drugs.
Text of the act
INVOLUNTARY CATEGORIES AND CRITERIA
The involuntary assessment and treatment has two categories non-court and court involved admissions. The criteria for involuntary admission is:
"There is good faith reason to believe the person is substance abuse impaired and, because of such impairment:
1. Has lost the power of self-control with respect to substance use; AND EITHER
2a. Has inflicted, or threatened or attempted to inflict, or unless admitted is likely to inflict, physical harm on himself or herself or another; OR
b. Is in need of substance abuse services and, by reason of substance abuse impairment, his or her judgment has been so impaired that the person is incapable of appreciating his or her need for such services and of making a rational decision in regard thereto; however, mere refusal to receive such services does not constitute evidence of lack of judgment with respect to his or her need for such services. "
It is under Title XXIX - PUBLIC HEALTH Chapter 397 -SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES of the Florida Statutes. The links to these paragraphs are listed below:
VOLUNTARY ADMISSIONS PROCEDURES
INVOLUNTARY ADMISSIONS PROCEDURES
A. General Provisions
C. Non-court Involved Admissions; Emergency
D. Non-court Involved Admissions; Alternative Involuntary Assessment for Minors
E. Court Involved Admissions, Civil Involuntary Proceedings; Generally
G. Court Involved Admissions; Involuntary Treatment
397.705 Referral of substance abuse impaired offenders to service providers.
INMATE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS
397.752 Scope of part.
Criteria for involuntary admission is listed under the 397.675.
⁃ 3–5 days for assessment under special conditions (minors or emergency admissions)
⁃ Non-Court protective custody is limited to 3 days (72 hours). The court can order involuntary treatment at a licensed service provider for a period not to exceed 60 days
- A sworn affidavit is signed at the local county courthouse or clerk's office.
- A hearing is set before the court after a Petition for Involuntary Assessment and Stabilization is filed.
- Following the hearing, the individual is held for up to five days for medical stabilization and assessment.
- A Petition for Treatment must be filed with the court and a second hearing is held for the court to review the assessment.
- Based on the assessment and the recommendation that the individual needs extended help, the judge can then order a 60-day treatment period with a possible 90-day extension, if necessary.
- If the addict exits treatment in violation of the judge's order, the addict must return to court and answer to the court as to why they did not comply with treatment. Then the individual is returned immediately for involuntary care.
- If the addict refuses, they are held in civil contempt of court for not following treatment order and are ordered to either return to treatment or be incarcerated.
It is an unfunded state requirement and each community must allocate funds for it.
Additionally, there are filing fees with the court.
- "Marchman Act & Baker Act". Ambrosia Treatment Center. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
- Jessica Zimmer, thefix.com - Florida's Marksman Act: Why Involuntary Commitment Works, 11/17/2014.
- DEPT OF CHILDREN AND FAMILIES - MARCHMAN ACT REFERENCE GUIDE OF 2003 https://www.dcf.state.fl.us/programs/.../marchman/marchmanacthand03p.pdf[permanent dead link]