Portrait by Eva Zippel
|Born||Marcia Haydée Salaverry Pereira da Silva
18 April 1937
|Education||Royal Ballet School|
Marcia Haydée Salaverry Pereira da Silva (born 18 April 1937) is a Brazilian-born ballet dancer, choreographer and ballet director. She was prima ballerina of the Stuttgart Ballet under John Cranko and succeeded him as the company's director, serving from 1976 to 1995. She has been director of the Santiago Ballet since 1992.
Born in Niterói, Haydèe studied with several masters, joined the Royal Ballet School in London and then the Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas (Monaco) in 1957. She entered the Stuttgart Ballet in 1961, where she was named the Prima ballerina the following year. With John Cranko, she created roles in full-length ballets, such as Juliet in Romeo and Juliet (1962), Tatiana in Onegin and Kate in The Taming of the Shrew. She said:
I gave myself to Cranko almost like a virgin: fresh, unformed. Now dancers want to be great in their own right and for their own persona. They don't want to lend themselves as creative vehicles, or be molded by another's inspiration.
It is difficult to believe that Marcia Haydée never played comedy before. She absolutely is the Shrew. As she prepares to pounce (elbows going back, shoulders forward and knees slightly bending) the trepidation of her intended victim is understandable ... Haydée matches him in speed and brilliance, and the duet when they finally admit their love is full of incredibly difficult (but so smoothly done) Bolshoi-style lifts, throws and catches.
Kenneth MacMillan created for her parts in Stuttgart in Las Hermanas, based on Lorca's The House of Bernarda Alba in 1963, The Song of the Earth with Mahler's music Das Lied von der Erde in 1965, and Requiem after Fauré's Requiem in 1976. John Neumeier created for her roles such as the Lady of the Camellias with music by Frédéric Chopin premiered in 1978, and Blanche in A Streetcar Named Desire. Maurice Bejart created roles for her in the full-length production Wien, Wien, nur du allein, in Divine, a ballet about Greta Garbo, in Isadora (1976) and Gaiete Parisienne, among others, shown both in Stuttgart as with his company in Brussels.
After Cranko's death, Haydée was from 1976 to 1995 director of the Stuttgart Ballet. She has also the director of the Santiago Ballet, the ballet of the Municipal Theatre of Santiago in Chile, from 1992 to 1996, and again from 2003.
Haydée appeared in several films, documentations of her work as well as filmed ballet. She appeared in the dance film Die Kameliendame, directed by John Neumeier and produced by the NDR in 1986–87. She took part in the film Golgotha, filmed in Germany and Bulgaria from 1992 to 1994, directed by Mikhail Pandoursky. She played in the 2000–02 German literary film Poem – Ich setzte den Fuß in die Luft und sie trug, directed by Ralf Schmerberg. Jean Christophe Blavier, her partner in ballet for many years, produced in 2006 a documentary DVD M. for Marcia. Marcia Haydée - die Tanzlegende des 20. Jahrhunderts. ( ... the dance legend of the 20th century). He produced the documentary Marcia Haydée – Das Schönste kommt noch! (The best is still to come!) in 2007, first broadcast by 3sat on 15 December 2007.
In 1989, Haydée was awarded the Deutscher Tanzpreis, in 2003 the Nijinsky Award. She received the Orden al Mérito Cultural of Brazil in 2004. The State of Baden-Württemberg honoured her with the Staufer Medal in 2007. Stuttgart made her an honorary citizen, she is an honorary professor of the University of Stuttgart and the University of Mannheim. She was awarded Germany's Order of Merit (Großes Verdienstkreuz mit Stern) in March 2009.
- Cornelia Stilling-Andreoli: Marcia Haydée - Divine. Fotografien von Gundel Kilian, Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 2005, 216 p., ISBN 3-89487-504-6
- Felipe J. Alcoceba und Brigitte Schneider: Dance & dancers Stuttgart Ballet. Edition Braus, Heidelberg 1997 Catalogue of an exhibition at the Württembergische Landesbibliothek in collaboration with the Stuttgarter Ballett for the Stuttgart Ballet Festival: Hommage à John Cranko and the project TanzRegion of the cultural region Stuttgart 1997), ISBN 3-89466-205-0
- Maurice Béjart und Rainer Woihsyk (ed): Marcia Haydée. Belser, Stuttgart, Zürich 1987, 136 p., ISBN 3-7630-9041-X
- Hannes Kilian: Stuttgarter Ballett. Auf neuen Wegen. Kunstverlag Weingarten, Weingarten 1981, 271 p., ISBN 3-921617-45-6
- Hannes Kilian, Heinz-Ludwig Schneiders, Horst Koegler, John Percival: Marcia Haydee. Porträt einer großen Tänzerin. Thorbecke Verlag, Sigmaringen 1975, ISBN 3-7995-2002-3
- "Marcia Haydée / Honorary Member and Character Artist as Guest". Stuttgart Ballet. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Stuttgart's Marcia Haydee: Secrets Of A Dramatic Dancer". Los Angeles Times. 7 February 1987. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- Ng, Kevin (2001). "Marcia Haydee. Prima ballerina Stuttgart Ballet". ballet magazine. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
- Percival, John (6 May 1969). "Wildly funny ballet on "The Shrew"". The Times. p. 13.
- "John Neumeier". Hamburg Ballet. Archived from the original on 25 June 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- "Die Kameliendame" (in German). filmzentrale.com. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Golgotha / Deutschland 1992-1994, Spielfilm". filmportal.de. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
- "Marcia Haydée - Das Schönste kommt noch / Deutschland 2007/2008, TV-Dokumentarfilm". filmportal.de. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "John Cranko". German National Library. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Mein Leben für den Tanz". archinform.net. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Bekanntgabe der Verleihungen des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik Deutschland vom 1. April 2009" (in German). Bundesanzeiger. 1 April 2009.
- Literature by and about Marcia Haydée in the German National Library catalogue
- Marcia Haydée, FemBio, Frauen-Biographieforschung e.V.
- Marcia Haydée IMDb
- Marcia Haydée hdg.de
- M For Marcia de.medici.tv
- History / The Cranko Era Stuttgart Ballet
- Julia Lutzeyer: Ballett-Legende Cragun ist tot Stuttgarter Nachrichten 6 August 2012