Marcinkonys

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marcinkonys
Village
Wooden church of Marcinkonys (built 1880)
Wooden church of Marcinkonys (built 1880)
Coat of arms of Marcinkonys
Coat of arms
Marcinkonys is located in Lithuania
Marcinkonys
Marcinkonys
Location of Marcinkonys
Coordinates: 54°03′40″N 24°24′0″E / 54.06111°N 24.40000°E / 54.06111; 24.40000Coordinates: 54°03′40″N 24°24′0″E / 54.06111°N 24.40000°E / 54.06111; 24.40000
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Dzūkija
County Alytus County COA.png Alytus County
Municipality Varėna district municipality
Eldership Marcinkonys eldership
Capital of Marcinkonys eldership
Population (2001)
 • Total 765
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Marcinkonys is a village in Varėna district, Lithuania, located south-east of Merkinė. It is the administrative center of the Dzūkija National Park and Čepkeliai Marsh. According to the 2001 census, it had 765 residents.[1]

Its alternate names include Marcinkańce, Mareinkonys, Martsinkantse, Martsinkantsy, and Martsinkonis.[2]

The settlement is known since 1637, when it was a camp of foresters. It began growing after completion of the railway station for the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway in 1864. During the Holocaust, the village had the Marcinkonys Ghetto for the Lithuanian Jews. Some Jews escaped during the liquidation of the ghetto and managed to survive the war.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alytaus apskrities kaimo gyvenamosios vietovės ir jų gyventojai (PDF) (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2002. p. 55. ISBN 9986-589-83-5. 
  2. ^ United States Board of Geographic Names - Marcinkonys. Accessed January 23, 2014.
  3. ^ Browning, Christopher R. (2000). Nazi policy, Jewish workers, German killers. Cambridge University Press. pp. 157–160, 166. ISBN 978-0-521-77490-1.