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Marko M. Feingold (born 28 May 1913 in Besztercebánya/Neusohl, Austria-Hungary, today Banská Bystrica, Slovakia) is the president of the Jewish community in Salzburg, Austria and is in charge of Salzburg's synagogue.
Marco Feingold grew up in Leopoldstadt, Vienna. After he had trained in business, he found work in Vienna, became unemployed and travelled with his brother, Ernst, in Italy. In 1938, he was arrested in Vienna during a short visit. At first he escaped, to Prague, was expelled to Poland and turned back to Prague with false papers. In 1939, he was arrested again and deported to the concentration camp at Auschwitz. He was also imprisoned in the concentration camps at Neuengamme and Dachau and finally the concentration camp Buchenwald in 1941, where he stayed until his liberation in 1945.
He moved to Salzburg by chance, where he now lives. Between 1945 and 1948, he helped Jewish survivors who were living in displaced person camps in Salzburg and organised, with the Jewish refugee organisation Bricha, the emigration of Jews from middle and eastern Europe to Palestine. In 1948 he acquired a fashion store. At that time he was initially a member of the SPÖ, but later left the party due to its particularly anti-Semitic orientation influenced by Karl Renner, but also Bruno Kreisky. Nevertheless, today he is an honorary member. As one of the oldest contemporary witnesses, Feingold explicitly commented in 2013 and 2018 in the media on Karl Renner's support for the Anschluss and anti-Semitism. Feingold also criticized the social democrats in this context and said that after 1945, after a complaint by the party secretary of the SPÖ, he was chased out with the words "Saujud, verschwind!".
Between 1946 and 1947, Feingold was briefly the president of the Jewish community in Salzburg. Shortly after his retirement in 1977, he became vice president and then, in 1979, president of the Jewish community once again. Since his retirement, he has given many lectures about his time in concentration camps, the Holocaust and Judaism. Feingold celebrated his 105th birthday in May 2018.
Awards and decorations
- Decoration for Services to the Liberation of Austria (1977)
- Silver Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria (1985)
- Civil Letter of the City of Salzburg (1985)
- Medal of the City of Salzburg coat of arms in gold (1988)
- Golden Cross of Merit of the Federal State of Salzburg (1988)
- Appointed Councillor (1991)
- Honorary cup of Salzburg (1993)
- Golden Medal of Honour of the Province of Salzburg (1998)
- Ring of the City of Salzburg (2003)
- Honorary Citizen of the city of Salzburg (2008)
- Kurt Schubert Memorial Award (2010)
- Golden Ring of Honour of the University of Salzburg (2012)
- Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts
- "Max "Marko" Feingold: "Selbst bei den Sozialisten hieß es: Saujud, schleich Dich!"". stern.de (in German). 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
- "1. SPÖ-Präsident „war lange als Antisemit bekannt"". krone.at (in German). Retrieved 2018-06-12.
- Marko M. Feingold: Wer einmal gestorben ist, dem tut nichts mehr weh. Eine Überlebensgeschichte. Wien 2000. S. 277–279
- "Pressemitteilung Ehrenbürgerschaft für Hofrat Marko M. Feingold" (in German). 18 January 2008. Archived from the original on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- Marco Feingold als Gastredner
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (pdf) (in German). p. 737. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- "European Academy of Sciences and Arts". Retrieved 26 July 2014.