Marco Pannella

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The Honourable
Marco Pannella
Marco Pannella crop.jpg
Secretary of the Radical Party
In office
1981–1983
Preceded by Francesco Rutelli
Succeeded by Roberto Cicciomessere
In office
1963–1967
Preceded by Bruno Villabruna
Succeeded by Gianfranco Spadaccia
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
21 April 1976 – 9 May 1994
Member of the European Parliament
In office
17 July 1979 – 6 June 2009
Personal details
Born Giacinto Pannella
(1930-05-02)2 May 1930
Teramo, Italy
Died (2016-05-19)19 May 2016 (aged 86)
Rome, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party
Other political
affiliations
Transnational Radical Party
(1989–2016)
Profession Journalist
politician

Marco Pannella (born Giacinto Pannella; 2 May 1930 – 19 May 2016) was an Italian politician.

He was the historic leader of the Radical Party (the first expression of the Radicals in post-World War II Italy was the Italian Radical Party, founded in 1955). Between 1979 and 2009, he was a Member of the European Parliament, where he sat as a full member in the Committee on Legal Affairs, in the Committee on Budgetary Control and in the Delegation for relations with Israel. He was also President of the Nonviolent Radical Party.

Early life[edit]

Marco Pannella was born in Teramo (Abruzzo) from an Italian father and a Swiss mother on 2 May 1930.

He attended the classical lyceum Julius Caesar in Rome. In 1955 Pannella graduated in law at the University of Urbino.

Political career[edit]

At 20 years old, Pannella became a national representative at the university level for the Italian Liberal Party (PLI), member of the student association Unione Goliardica Italiana (UGI) and at 23 he was President of the Unione Nazionale degli Studenti, (National Union of Students).

At 24 he promoted the foundation of the Partito Radicale (hereinafter the "Radical Party"). From 1960 to 1963, he was in Paris as a correspondent of the Italian newspaper Il Giorno. During his long political career, Pannella co-founded a series of organizations such as the Italian league for divorce, the League for objection of conscience, the League for the abrogation of the Agreement between the Catholic Church and the Italian State (Concordat), the Centre of legal initiative "Piero Calamandrei", as well as the Italian Association for Demographic Education (AIED).[1] He has been at the forefront of the promotion of important reforms regarding narcotics[2] and faced incarceration on various occasions for his civil disobediences. He played a prominent role in the movement that led to the legalization of abortion in Italy in 1978.[1] He also promoted actions to grant electoral rights for Italians aged 18.[3]

Engaged in the defence of civil rights in Eastern European countries, in 1968, he was arrested in Sofia for having distributed leaflets against the Communist regime. He was one of the first promoters and founders of the Green and ecologist political movements in Europe.

Over the years, he was engaged in Italy in the defence of civil rights as well as against the public financing of political parties and against corruption of Italian politics. Beginning in the 1970s, Pannella promoted a series of referendums on themes ranging from social to political issues, in particular on those relating to the legality of the State, the rule of law and to the administration of justice.[1]

Pannella campaigning for the divorce referendum in 1974.

He was elected to the European Parliament in 1979. He sat in the Technical Group of Independents which was a technical alliance of left wing MEPs who were not allied with either the Soviet influenced Communist parties or the mainstream Social Democratic parties. He served as chair of the group along with the hardline Irish Republican Neil Blaney and Danish left-wing Eurosceptic Jens-Peter Bonde.Throughout the 1980s, he promoted international anti-prohibitionist campaigns on drugs and was one of the founders of the Radical Antiprohibitionist Coordination (CORA) and of the International Antiprohibitionist League.

A believer in Gandhian nonviolence, Pannella carried out several hunger strikes in Italy and elsewhere to defend civil rights and to end extermination through starvation the world over.[3] This included a hunger strike in 2007, to protest against the death penalty. This strike was set off by the hanging of Saddam Hussein.[4] A hunger strike in April 2014 to protest Italian prison conditions resulted in Pannella having to have surgery.[5]

A disciple of Altiero Spinelli and Ernesto Rossi, Pannella was one of the first European Federalists and fought, through nonviolent means, for the creation of the European Union.

He was elected Secretary of the Radical Party in November 1981 and remained in office until November 1983.[6] At the RP Congress in Budapest in 1989, he launched the creation of the Transnational Radical Party of which he became president of the Federal Council on that occasion.

In 2003, he created together with other prominent European personalities the Medbridge Strategy Center, whose goal is to promote dialogue and mutual understanding between Europe and the Middle-East.[7]

Marco Pannella with the Dalai Lama.

He was honorary President of the Party of the Rom (ROI) in the Czech Republic and he was also honorary member of the Socialist Slovene Youth. The Jewish National Fund (Hebrew: קרן קימת לישראל, Keren Kayemet LeYisrael) dedicated him a reforestation area in the Negev Desert in Israel.

In October 2011, he became a member of the French Federalist Party in order to take part in the founding convention of the European Federalist Party which took place on 5/6 November 2011. Thus he became a founding member of the European Federalist Party.

Personal life[edit]

Pannella had never been married and had no children. He had been living for several decades with his girlfriend Mirella Parachini. In 2010, he alluded in an interview to the fact that Parachini and he had always been in an open relationship "without jealousy". In the same interview, Pannella admitted to being bisexual and to having had "three or four" significant relationships with other men.[8] He was an atheist.[9]

Pannella died on 19 May 2016 of cancer,[3] after agreeing to be sedated.[10] The Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi described him as a "lion of freedom".[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.newsday.com/news/world/marco-pannella-dead-maverick-in-italian-postwar-politics-was-86-1.11820759
  2. ^ Reformer smokes cannabis before police. From Patricia Clough. The Times (London, England), Thursday, Jul 03, 1975; pg. 4; Issue 59438.
  3. ^ a b c d "Marco Pannella, Maverick in Italian Postwar Politics, Dies". ABC News. 19 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Rome Colosseum in lights to protest death penalty". Reuters. 6 January 2007. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Pope phones Pannella". ANSA.it. 
  6. ^ Pannella Steps down as Italy's Radical Leader. James Buxton. The Financial Times (London, England), Thursday, November 03, 1983; pg. 2.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  8. ^ Pannella: «Ho amato molto tre o quattro uomini», Corriere della Sera, 11 May 2010
  9. ^ Valter Vecellio, Marco Pannella. Biografia di un irregolare, Rubbettino, Rome, 2010, p. 172.
  10. ^ InfoOggi. "Addio a Marco Pannella, leader della lotta politica nonviolenta". InfoOggi.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2016-05-19. 

External links[edit]