Marcols-les-Eaux

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Marcols-les-Eaux
The church in Marcols-les-Eaux
The church in Marcols-les-Eaux
Marcols-les-Eaux is located in France
Marcols-les-Eaux
Marcols-les-Eaux
Coordinates: 44°48′57″N 4°24′01″E / 44.8158°N 04.4003°E / 44.8158; 04.4003Coordinates: 44°48′57″N 4°24′01″E / 44.8158°N 04.4003°E / 44.8158; 04.4003
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Ardèche
Arrondissement Privas
Canton Saint-Pierreville
Intercommunality Châtaigniers
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) François Blache
Area1 16 km2 (6 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 334
 • Density 21/km2 (54/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 07149 /07190
Elevation 671–1,345 m (2,201–4,413 ft)
(avg. 729 m or 2,392 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Marcols-les-Eaux is a commune in the Ardèche department of southern France.

History[edit]

Known as Marcovolos during the 11th century and then Marcouls during the 12th century, the village became Saint-Julien-d'Ursival (name first mentioned in 1573), Saint Julian the Hospitaller being the patron of the town. In 1790, the village is renamed Marcols by the revolutionaries willing to get rid of any references to the Catholic Church. In 1912, the town becomes Marcols-les-Eaux since many mineral water sources are found throughout the village. A source was exploited for bottled mineral water until the late 1950s. In 1912 also, 36% of the commune's territory are detached in order to form the new town of Albon-d'Ardèche.

On November 4, 1943, an airplane of the British Royal Air Force, dropping guns and munitions to the local Resistance during the night, crashes against the Bourboulas pike, in Marcols-les-Eaux. All of the 6 British crew members died. They were buried on the next day in the village cemetery by the inhabitants. Their tombstones are still visible nowadays.

On August 7, 1944, the German Luftwaffe, suspecting the inhabitants to supply the local Resistance with food, bombs the village several times during the day killing three local civilians and destroying a couple of farms and houses. A plate commemorating this bloody event was inaugurated along the wall of the commune's cemetery.

Population[edit]

Until 1912, the two communes of Marcols-les-Eaux and Albon-d'Ardèche formed a single commune named Marcols, hence differences between the demographic trends of pre-1912 and post-1912.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1841 1,889 —    
1861 1,913 +1.3%
1881 1,896 −0.9%
1901 1,927 +1.6%
1921 823 −57.3%
1936 692 −15.9%
1954 597 −13.7%
1962 307 −48.6%
1962 307 +0.0%
1968 454 +47.9%
1975 353 −22.2%
1982 325 −7.9%
1990 300 −7.7%
1999 303 +1.0%
2008 334 +10.2%

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]