Allen in July 2008
|Date of birth:||March 26, 1960|
|Place of birth:||San Diego, California|
|Height:||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Weight:||210 lb (95 kg)|
|High school:||San Diego (CA) Lincoln|
|NFL draft:||1982 / Round: 1 / Pick: 10|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
Marcus LeMarr Allen (born March 26, 1960) is a former American football running back and football analyst for CBS. As a professional, Allen ran for 12,243 yards and caught 587 passes for 5,412 yards during his career for both the Los Angeles Raiders and the Kansas City Chiefs from 1982 to 1997. He scored 145 touchdowns, including a then league record 123 rushing touchdowns, and was elected to six Pro Bowls over the course of his career. He was also a fairly good passer for a running back, completing 12 of 27 passes for 285 yards and six touchdowns, with only one interception. Allen was the first player ever to gain more than 10,000 rushing yards and 5,000 receiving yards during his career.
Allen is considered one of the greatest goal line and short-yard runners in National Football League (NFL) history. His younger brother, Damon Allen, played quarterback for 23 seasons in the Canadian Football League and was professional football's all-time leader in passing yards.
Allen has the distinction of being the only player in the history of football to have won a Heisman Trophy, an NCAA National Championship, a Super Bowl, and be named NFL MVP and Super Bowl MVP. He has also been inducted into both the College Football Hall of Fame and the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
Allen played running back at the University of Southern California (USC) from 1978 to 1981. He was recruited as a defensive back, but head coach John Robinson switched him to tailback. As a freshman in 1978, Allen was a member of the Trojans' National Championship team (as recognized by the coaches poll), playing as a backup to eventual Heisman Trophy winning running back Charles White.
In 1979, he was moved to fullback. Eventually, in 1980, Allen became the starter at tailback and rushed for 1,563 yards, the third-most in the nation that year (behind George Rogers of S. Carolina - 1,781 yards and Herschel Walker of Georgia - 1,616). In 1981, Allen rushed for 2,342 yards, becoming the second player in NCAA history to rush for over 2,000 yards in one season, passing the 2,000 yard mark in a win at Cal. He also gained a total of 2,683 offensive yards, led the nation in scoring, and won the Heisman Trophy, the Maxwell Award, and Walter Camp Award. He was also the Pac-10 Player of the Year. Allen shares the NCAA record for most 200-yard rushing games with Ricky Williams and Ron Dayne, each completing the feat twelve times.
Allen finished his four college seasons with 4,664 rushing yards, 5,232 total yards, and 46 touchdowns, while averaging 5.2 yards per carry.
USC has retired his jersey number 33.
Allen was drafted with the 10th overall selection of the 1982 NFL Draft by the Los Angeles Raiders. In a recent ad on NFL Network, Allen recalls shortly before being drafted that the Raiders asked him his weight at the time (he answered 200 or 212) and then drafted him soon after. Though his rookie season was shortened by a league strike, Allen rushed for 697 yards and led the Raiders to the best record in the AFC at 8-1. He was voted the NFL Offensive Rookie of the Year. The Raiders would lose to the New York Jets in the AFC Divisional Playoffs.
The next season, Allen broke the 1,000-yard mark for the first time, an accomplishment he would repeat the two following years. During the 1985 season, he rushed for 1,759 yards and scored 11 touchdowns on 380 carries, leading the Raiders to a 12-4 record and the AFC West Division Championship. In addition, Allen was named the NFL MVP.
In Super Bowl XVIII on January 22, 1984, Allen ran for 191 yards, caught two passes for 18 yards, and scored two touchdowns in the Raiders 38–9 victory over the Washington Redskins. Included in his stats was a 74-yard touchdown run, a feat that remained the longest run in Super Bowl history until Willie Parker's 75-yard run in Super Bowl XL. Allen's 191 rushing yards were also a Super Bowl record, which stood until Timmy Smith of the Redskins topped it with 204 yards in Super Bowl XXII. Upon winning the game, Allen joined a small group of players to win both the Heisman Trophy and Super Bowl MVP (Roger Staubach, Jim Plunkett, and later Desmond Howard). On January 1, 1984, Allen gained 121 yards for two touchdowns on just 13 carries against the Pittsburgh Steelers. One week later, Allen rushed 25 times for 154 yards and scored on a touchdown reception. In total, Allen rushed 58 times for 466 yards and four touchdowns during the playoffs. He also added 118 yards and one touchdown on 14 receptions.
In future seasons with the Raiders, Allen formed a stormy relationship with owner Al Davis stemming from a contract dispute where Davis referred to Allen as a "cancer to the team." He also missed most of the 1989 season with a knee injury. Allen was relegated to back-up duty in his final three seasons with the Raiders and, at one time, fell to fourth on the depth chart. Allen's strained relationship with Davis reached an all-time low in December 1992. During halftime of the Raiders-Dolphins game on Monday Night Football, a taped interview between Al Michaels and Allen was broadcast, with Allen stating that Davis "told me he was going to get me." Allen further stated, "I think he [Davis] tried to ruin the latter part of my career, tried to devalue me. He's trying to stop me from going to the Hall of Fame. They don't want me to play."
Allen eventually left Los Angeles and joined the Kansas City Chiefs in 1993. Although he only rushed for 764 yards that year, he scored 12 touchdowns, leading the AFC, as he and Joe Montana led the Chiefs to the AFC Championship Game. Allen scored touchdowns in both of the Chiefs playoff games that year, and was named the NFL Comeback Player of the Year. Allen went on to play for the Chiefs for four more seasons, leading the team in rushing every year but his last.
In 2008, Allen joined as a spokesman for the sports website OPENSports.com, the brainchild of Mike Levy, founder and former CEO of CBS Sportsline.com. Allen wrote a blog and occasionally answered member questions for the company during this time.[when?]
- Consecutive seasons with multiple touchdowns: 16 - (tied with Irving Fryar)
- Consecutive seasons with a rushing touchdown: 16
- Consecutive seasons with multiple rushing touchdowns: 16
- Oldest player to score 10+ touchdowns in a season: 37 years old
- List of NCAA major college football yearly rushing leaders
- List of NCAA major college football yearly scoring leaders
- "Pro Football Hall of Fame". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- Can Newton be 2nd? - ESPN.com
- Jensen, Jeffry (2002) . Dawson, Dawn P, ed. Great Athletes 1 (Revised ed.). Salem Press. pp. 42–45. ISBN 1-58765-008-8.
- "1981 USC Trojans". TotalFootballStats.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Marcus Allen Game Logs". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- Gay, Nancy (August 4, 2003). "Raiders Notebook: Classy Allen has the last word on his day". SFGate. Hearst Communications. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- "Allen relegated to back up duty". Football.com. Football.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2008.
- "Pro Football: Raiders' Allen Irked at Davis". The New York Times. December 15, 1992. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- "Marcus Allen". HickokSports.com. Ralph Hickok. February 18, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- "Marcus Allen". OPEN Sports. OPEN Sports Network. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- "Marcus Allen". Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- Marcus: The Autobiography of Marcus Allen with Carlton Stowers (October 1998)
- Road to Canton by Marcus Allen (July 2003)
- Strength of the Heart: Marcus Allen's Life's Little Playbooks
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marcus Allen.|
- Career statistics and player information from NFL.com • ESPN • Pro-Football-Reference
- Marcus Allen at the Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Marcus Allen at the College Football Hall of Fame
- Marcus Allen at the Heisman Trophy official website
- Marcus Allen biography by the Kansas City Chiefs
- Marcus Allen Profile in Raiders Online