Marcus Goldman

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For the psychiatrist, see Marcus J. Goldman.
Marcus Goldman
Marcus Goldman.jpg
Born (1821-12-09)December 9, 1821
Trappstadt, Bavaria, Germany
Died July 20, 1904(1904-07-20) (aged 82)
New York City, United States
Nationality German American
Occupation Banker, businessman, financier
Spouse(s) Bertha (née Goldman; m. 185?)
Children Julius Goldman
Rebecca Dreyfuss (married to Ludwig Dreyfuss)
Rosa Sachs (married to Julius Sachs)
Louisa Sachs (married to Samuel Sachs)
Henry Goldman (1857–1937)

Marcus Goldman (/ˈɡldmən/; December 9, 1821 – July 20, 1904) was a German banker, businessman, and financier. He was born in Trappstadt, Bavaria and immigrated to the United States in 1848.[1] He was the founder of Goldman Sachs, which has since become one of the world's largest and most influential investment banks.[2]

Life and career[edit]

Goldman was born in Trappstadt, Bavaria, Germany, the son of Ella and Wolf Goldmann, a former schoolteacher and cattle dealer. His family was Ashkenazi Jewish. He immigrated to the United States from Frankfurt am Main, Germany, in 1848 during the first great wave of Jewish immigration to America, resulting from the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states.

Upon arriving in America, he worked as a peddler with a horse-drawn cart and later as a shopkeeper in Philadelphia. There, Goldman met and married eighteen-year-old Bertha Goldman, who had also emigrated from Germany in 1848.

In 1869, with his wife and five children, Goldman relocated to New York City and hung out a shingle on Pine Street in lower Manhattan, with the legend "Marcus Goldman & Co.", setting himself up as a broker of IOUs.

From his earliest days of his business, Goldman was able to singlehandedly transact as much as $5 million worth of commercial paper a year. Successful though he was, Goldman's business was insignificant compared to that of the other Jewish-German bankers of the day. Concerns like J. & W. Seligman & Co., with working capital of $6 million in 1869 (equivalent of $107 million in 2015), were already modern-day investment bankers immersed in underwriting and trading railroad bonds.

Goldman's youngest daughter, Louisa, married Samuel Sachs, the son of close friends and fellow Lower Franconia, Bavaria immigrants.[1] Louisa's older sister and Sam's older brother had already married. His oldest son, Julius Goldman, married Sarah Adler, daughter of Samuel Adler.[3]

In 1882, Goldman invited his son-in-law Samuel to join him in the business and changed the firm's name to M. Goldman and Sachs. Business boomed—by 1880 the new firm was turning over $30 million worth of paper a year—and the firm's capital was now $100,000 (equivalent of $2.5 million in 2015), all of it the senior partner's.

For almost fifty years after its inception, all of Goldman Sachs's partners were members of intermarried families. In 1885, Goldman took his own son Henry and his son-in-law Ludwig Dreyfuss into the business as junior partners and the firm adopted its present name, Goldman Sachs & Co. In 1894, Henry Sachs entered the firm, and in 1896, the firm joined the New York Stock Exchange.

When Goldman retired, he left the firm in the hands of his son Henry Goldman and his son-in-law Samuel Sachs. In 1904, two of Sachs' sons, Arthur and Paul, joined the firm immediately after graduating from Harvard University. Goldman died in summer 1904.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kappner, Cordula (2008-03-12). "Marcus Goldmann und der amerikanische Traum". Mainpost (in German). 
  2. ^ Andrew Beattie (May 21, 2010). "The Evolution Of Goldman Sachs". Forbes. 
  3. ^ Cohen, Getzel M.; Joukowsky, Martha Sharp (2006). Breaking Ground: Pioneering Women Archaeologists. University of Michigan Press. p. 299. ISBN 0472031740. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Chairman and CEO, Goldman Sachs
Succeeded by
Samuel Sachs