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Marcus Lindblom

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Marcus Lindblom
Born 1962/1963 (age 54–55)[1]
Residence Kirkland, Washington[2]
Nationality American
Occupation Video game developer
Known for EarthBound localization

Marcus Lindblom is an American video game developer known for his English localization of the 1995 video game EarthBound. Lindblom spent his youth in the United States, and dropped out of college to move to Japan with his wife. After four years, he returned to college in the United States and began to work at Nintendo of America's call center. He eventually worked on Japanese-to-English game localization projects such as Wario's Woods and EarthBound. Lindblom worked with a translator and a writer to accurately translate the game for a Western audience. He sought to stay true to Shigesato Itoi's script, but was given latitude to make the script as weird as he wanted, and so added in American cultural allusions. Lindblom considers the localization his highest achievement.

He worked at Nintendo until 1996, when he left to work at other developers including Electronic Arts, Vivendi Games, Midway Games, and THQ. He established Partly Cloudy Games with friends around 2009, and as of 2013, runs mobile games studio Carried Away Games. After following the fan community from afar, he came out to fans in mid 2012 and the press began to show greater interest in his work. He had planned to write a book about the game's development, release, and fandom as a Kickstarter project before a reply from Nintendo discouraged him from pursuing the idea.

Early life and career[edit]

Marcus Lindblom was raised in "a traditional, middle-class family".[3] He dropped out of college, married, and moved with his spouse to Japan[3] in the late 1980s.[1] They planned to stay several months, but stayed four years before returning in 1990.[3]


In the United States, Lindblom returned to college and,[3] in 1990,[4] began to work at Nintendo of America's customer service and game assistance call center in Redmond, Washington. He would wake up at four a.m. to work before class, a schedule he considered "energizing". Upon his graduation, Lindblom became a Software Analyst at Nintendo, where he worked on their games.[3]

Nintendo of America's Redmond, Washington headquarters

Lindblom later transitioned to work as a localizer, where he translated Nintendo's Japanese games into English for Western audiences.[3] As standard for the time, he worked without a department and in direct contact with the headquarters,[a] which gave him wide decision-making latitude.[4] Lindblom worked on Wario's Woods before coming to the EarthBound project[3] around January 1995.[1] He took over for Nintendo's Dan Owsen, who had localized a tenth of the game's script before moving to another project.[3] The game was roughly translated from Japanese by a translator, and Lindblom received a paper script with the translation. Masayuki Miura, a Japanese writer, worked with Lindblom to contextualize the English script for the mood and message intended by the game's original development team.[3]

Lindblom found his task of translating an "outsider's view of the U.S." for an American audience the hardest part of the localization.[1] Nintendo did not want a direct translation, but a more American version of the script.[4] He recalled that he was given latitude to make the script "as weird as [he] wanted" but also sought to stay true to the original text's translation, though he never communicated with Shigesato Itoi (the game's creator) directly.[1] Lindblom's own humor and office in-jokes worked their way into the script alongside cultural allusions to Bugs Bunny, comedian Benny Hill, and This Is Spinal Tap.[1] Outside the game's script, Lindblom's in-game text includes the item and weapon names as well as the combat prompts. His writing contains multiple Easter eggs, such as in some of the character's names.[3] One character is named for his daughter, Nico, who was born during development. After taking the day off for her birthday, Lindblom recalled working for the next 30 days straight, without weekends off.[1] He remembered the workload as large, and recalled "grinding-out" for about 14 hours a day.[3] The localization process took four months.[3]

Lindblom credited Miura and the game's affirming "tone" as what helped him manage the magnitude of the project. He remembers the game as "very [positive at its heart]"[3] and wrote it to be "a glass half full kind of game".[1] When asked of his favorite contribution to the final work, Lindblom remembered the character Pokey's mother, Lardna. He described the name choice as "just the most ridiculous thing to have picked".[3] Nicholas Dean Des Barres of DieHard GameFan, an original reviewer, wrote that EarthBound was translated "impeccably"[5] and praised the game's humor.[6] In the period following its release, the game's English localization has found praise. Localization reviewer Clyde Mandelin described the Japanese-to-English conversion as "top-notch for its time".[3] Kotaku found the localization "funny, clever, and evocative".[3]

The American development team was devastated by the release's poor critical response and sales. Lindblom recalled that the game's reception was hurt by appearing "simplistic" in an age that revered graphics quality. He felt that the game's changes to the RPG formula—e.g., the rolling HP meter and fleeing enemies—were ignored in the following years.[3] At the time of the game's Virtual Console rerelease, he felt the game had aged well.[1]

After EarthBound[edit]

Lindblom worked on several other Nintendo games[3] and left in 1996.[4] He later worked at studios such as Electronic Arts, Vivendi Games,[3] Midway Games, and THQ. Lindblom established Partly Cloudy Games with friends around 2009. The company has contracted with Microsoft and is also developing a real-time strategy Facebook game named The Robot Apocalypse.[4] As of 2013, Lindblom runs Carried Away Games, a mobile games studio.[3] He described many of the games he worked on in his career as "forgettable" and the eventual popularity of EarthBound as "satisfying".[1] He cited the example of a wedding proposal done through hacked text in EarthBound as something he appreciated.[1] After following the fan community from afar, in mid-2012, Lindblom approached the Fangamer booth at the Penny Arcade Expo and explained his involvement in the game.[4] When EarthBound was announced for the Wii U Virtual Console, the press began to show greater interest in Lindblom's work.[4] Lindblom had planned a book about the game's development, release, and fandom as a Kickstarter project before a reply from Nintendo discouraged him from pursuing the idea.[b] He did not plan to profit from the book, but felt he "owed" the fan community for its dedication. In response, he said he plans to continue his ongoing dialogue with the community.[4] Lindblom told Kotaku that he thinks of EarthBound as his "finest accomplishment".[3]


Marcus Lindblom's video game credits
Year Title Platform Role
1994 Tin Star SNES Designer
Wario's Woods NES, SNES Localization
1995 EarthBound SNES
Mario's Tennis Virtual Boy
1996 NBA Live 97 PC Associate producer, localization
NHL 97 PC; Sega Saturn Localization director (Electronic Arts Canada); Quality assurance
Road & Track Presents: The Need for Speed Sega Saturn Associate producer
Road & Track Presents: The Need for Speed SE PC
1997 Need for Speed II PC, PlayStation
1998 NBA Live 98 PC
2000 Army Men: Sarge's Heroes Dreamcast Producer
Die Hard Trilogy 2: Viva Las Vegas PlayStation
Rampage Through Time
Toobin' Game Boy Color
2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Game Boy Advance
2003 Enclave PC
Mace Griffin: Bounty Hunter PC, Xbox
2004 Evil Genius PC
2005 Evil Dead: Regeneration Xbox Project manager
2010 Perplexo Seasons iOS Co-creator, developer
Perplexo Seasons Premium
2011 Perplexo Words
2017 Star Fox 2 Super NES Classic Edition Localization

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ In later years, localizations were performed by whole departments.[4]
  2. ^ The book, EarthBound Confidential, was set to be a limited edition offered as an ebook and in print.[7]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Meyer, John Mix (July 23, 2013). "Octopi! Spinal Tap! How Cult RPG EarthBound Came to America". Wired. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ Kohler, Chris (September 5, 2013). "Game Collectors Pose With Their Greatest Treasures". Wired. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Schreier, Jason (August 23, 2013). "The Man Who Wrote Earthbound". Kotaku. Archived from the original on January 25, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Campbell, Colin (January 18, 2014). "Why did Nintendo quash a book about EarthBound's development?". Polygon. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. 
  5. ^ Des Barres, Nicholas Dean (August 1995). "GameFan 16: EarthBound". DieHard GameFan (32): 70–71. 
  6. ^ Halverson, Dave, ed. (August 1995). "Viewpoint: EarthBound". DieHard GameFan (32): 15. 
  7. ^ Bray, Nicholas (September 6, 2013). "EarthBound Book from English Translator to Launch on Kickstarter". Nintendo World Report. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014.