Marcus Valerius Messalla Rufus
Messalla was the son of Marcus Valerius Messalla Niger and Hortensia (sister of the consul of 69 BC). He had a sister, Valeria Messalla, who was the fifth wife of the dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla.
Messalla Rufus probably served as Praetor in 62 BC. His appointment as consul in 53 BC was delayed due to a scandal involving the consular elections, followed by public disorder between the followers of Publius Clodius Pulcher and Titus Annius Milo. It was only in July 53 BC that he entered the office. He and his colleague's attempts to hold elections for 52 BC were also disrupted.
Messalla Rufus was twice accused of illegal practices in connection with the elections; on the first occasion he was acquitted, in spite of his obvious guilt, through the eloquence of his uncle Quintus Hortensius; on the second he was condemned. He took the side of Gaius Julius Caesar in the civil war. He was a legate under Caesar probably by 48 BC. In 47 BC, Messalla Rufus had to deal with mutinous troops under his command at Messana. In the following year (46 BC) he accompanied Caesar to Africa; after the Battle of Thapsus he was ordered to occupy the town of Utica. He then served under Caesar in Hispania in 45 BC.
- Syme, R., Augustan Aristocracy, p. 329
- Syme, R., Augustan Aristocracy, pp. 227 f.
- Syme, R., Augustan Aristocracy, pp. 228-9
- Cicero described him as a candidate for the praetorship in 63 BC - see Broughton, pg. 173
- Broughton, pg. 227
- Broughton, pg. 282
- Broughton, pg. 291
- Broughton, pg. 302
- Broughton, pg. 312
- Broughton, pg. 255
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Broughton, T. Robert S., The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Vol II (1952)
- Syme, Ronald, Augustan Aristocracy
- Cicero, Ad Fam. vi. i8, viii. 4, ad Alticum, iv. 16;
- Dio Cassius xl, 17, 45;
- Bellum africanum, 28;
- Macrobius, Saturnalia, i. 9, 14
- Aulus Gellius xiii. 14, 3.
Appius Claudius Pulcher and Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus
|Consul of the Roman Republic
with Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica (Metellus Scipio) and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus