Marcus Vinicius (consul 30)

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Marcus Vinicius (c. 5 BC – AD 46) was a Roman consul and, as husband of Julia Livilla, grandson-in-law (progener) of the emperor Tiberius.[1] He was the son and grandson of two consuls, Publius Vinicius (consul 2 AD) and Marcus Vinicius (consul 19 BC).


Born at Cales in Campania, Vinicius started his senatorial career as quaestor in AD 20. That same year, Vinicius was requested to take part in the defense of Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso for the murder of Germanicus, but refused.[2] He was present for the trial, as his name appears as one of seven witnesses of the Senatus consultum de Cn. Pisone patre, the Roman Senate's official act concerning Piso' trial and punishmen.[3]

In 30, Vinicius reached the consulship, which he held with Lucius Cassius Longinus.[4] In the same year, Velleius Paterculus published his Histories, which he dedicated to M. Vinicius.[5]

In 33, Tiberius selected him as the husband for Julia Livilla, the youngest daughter of Germanicus. On that occasion, Tacitus describes Vinicius as "mild in character and an elaborate orator."[6]

Between 38-39, Vinicius governed the Roman province of Asia as proconsul; two years earlier, he had been appointed to a committee assigned to estimate the damages caused by a fire on the Aventine Hill.[7]

Vinicius and his nephew Lucius Annius Vinicianus were involved in the assassination of the emperor Caligula and, for a short time, even tried to succeed to the throne.[8][9]

After Claudius became emperor, Vinicius accompanied him during the Roman conquest of Britain in 43 and was awarded the ornamenta triumphalia. In 45, he was honored with the rare distinction of a second consulship as prior consul; his colleague that year was Titus Statilius Taurus Corvinus.[10]

At Messalina's instigation, Vinicius was killed in 46. He nevertheless received a state funeral.[11]

Appearance in fiction[edit]


  1. ^ Vogel-Weidemann, Statthalter 313; Syme, Roman Revolution 499
  2. ^ Tacitus, Annales, 3, 11, 2
  3. ^ CIL VI, 31689
  4. ^ Vogel-Weidemann, Statthalter 307
  5. ^ Velleius 1, 8, 1. 13, 5
  6. ^ Tacitus, Annales 6, 15, 1; Cassius Dio 58, 21, 1
  7. ^ Tacitus, Annales 6, 45
  8. ^ Josephus ant. Iud. 19, 102. 251
  9. ^ Barrett, Caligula: The Corruption of Power, pp. 108
  10. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius", Classical Quarterly, 28 (1978), pp. 408, 424
  11. ^ Cassius Dio 60, 27, 4

Secondary sources[edit]

  • Syme, Ronald (1939). The Roman Revolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Vogel-Weidemann, Ursula (1982). Die Statthalter von Africa und Asia in den Jahren 14-68 n. Chr.: Eine Untersuchung zum Verhältnis Princeps und Senat. Bonn: Habelt.
Political offices
Preceded by
Aulus Plautius, and
Lucius Nonius Asprenas

as Suffect consuls
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Lucius Cassius Longinus
Succeeded by
Lucius Naevius Surdinus,
and Gaius Cassius Longinus
Preceded by
Titus Statilius Taurus, and
Publius Calvisius Sabinus Pomponius Secundus
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Titus Statilius Taurus Corvinus
Succeeded by
Tiberius Plautius Silvanus Aelianus
as Suffect consul