Mardin Province

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Mardin Province

Mardin ili
Location of Mardin Province in Turkey
Location of Mardin Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionSoutheast Anatolia
SubregionMardin
Government
 • Electoral districtMardin
 • GovernorMahmut Demirtaş
 • Metropolitan MayorAhmet Turk (HDP)
Area
 • Total8,891 km2 (3,433 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total829,195
 • Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Area code(s)0482
Vehicle registration47

Mardin Province (Turkish: Mardin ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Mêrdînê‎,[2] Classical Syriac: ܡܪܕܐ[citation needed], Arabic: محافظة ماردين[3]), is a province of Turkey with a population of 809,719 in 2017. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin (Classical Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ‎ "Mardin" Arabic: ماردين, Mardīn). Located in southeastern Turkey near the traditional geographical boundary of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, it has a diverse population, composed of Kurdish, Arab and Assyrian people, with Kurds forming the majority of the province's population.[4] A recent study from 2013 has shown that 40% of Mardin Province's population identify as Arabs, and this proportion increases to 49% in Mardin and 48% in Midyat, where Arabs form the majority.[5]

History[edit]

Mardin comes from the Syriac word (ܡܪܕܐ) and means "fortresses".[6][7]

The first known civilization were the Subarian-Hurrians who were then succeeded in 3000 BCE by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BCE and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.[8]

The local Assyrians/Syriacs, while reduced due to the Assyrian Massacres and conflicts between the Kurds and Turks, hold on to two of the oldest monasteries in the world, Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Turkish Deyrülzafaran, English Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community (approximately 200) in the provincial capital. After the foundation of Turkey, the province has been a target of a Turkification policy, removing most traces of a non-turkish heritage.[9]

Inspectorate General[edit]

In 1927 the office of the Inspector General was created, which governed with martial law.[10] The province was included in the First Inspectorate-General (Turkish: Birinci Umumi Müfettişlik) over which the Inspector General ruled. The Inspectorate-General span over the provinces of Hakkâri, Siirt, Van, Mardin, Bitlis, Sanlıurfa, Elaziğ and Diyarbakır.[11] The Inspectorate General were dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party.[12] The Mardin province was also included in a wider military zone in 1928, in which the entrance to the zone was forbidden for foreigners until 1965.[13]

State of Emergency[edit]

In 1987 the province was included in the OHAL region governed in a state of emergency.[14] In November 1996 the state of emergency regulation was removed.[15]

Districts[edit]

Mardin districts

Mardin province is divided into 10 districts (capital district in bold):

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Karsazekî Kurd ê ji Mêrdînê bi koronayê jiyana xwe ji dest da" (in Kurdish). Rûdaw. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  3. ^ المستدرك على تتمة الأعلام. "المستدرك على تتمة الأعلام" (in Arabic). p. 138.
  4. ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.
  5. ^ Ayse Guc Isik, 2013.The Intercultural Engagement in Mardin. Australian Catholic University. pp. 46-48.
  6. ^ Lipiński, Edward (2000). The Aramaeans: Their Ancient History, Culture, Religion. Peeters Publishers. p. 146. ISBN 978-90-429-0859-8.
  7. ^ Payne Smith's A Compendious Syriac Dictionary, Dukhrana.com
  8. ^ "- Antik Tatlıdede Konağı - Mardin". www.tatlidede.com.tr. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  9. ^ Üngör, Uğur (2011), The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913–1950. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 245. ISBN 0-19-960360-X.
  10. ^ Jongerden, Joost (2007-01-01). The Settlement Issue in Turkey and the Kurds: An Analysis of Spatical Policies, Modernity and War. BRILL. p. 53. ISBN 978-90-04-15557-2.CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  11. ^ Bayir, Derya (2016-04-22). Minorities and Nationalism in Turkish Law. Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-317-09579-8.
  12. ^ Fleet, Kate; Kunt, I. Metin; Kasaba, Reşat; Faroqhi, Suraiya (2008-04-17). The Cambridge History of Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 343. ISBN 978-0-521-62096-3.
  13. ^ Jongerden, Joost (2007-05-28). The Settlement Issue in Turkey and the Kurds: An Analysis of Spatial Policies, Modernity and War. BRILL. p. 303. ISBN 978-90-474-2011-8.
  14. ^ Biner, Zerrin Ozlem (2019-11-08). States of Dispossession: Violence and Precarious Coexistence in Southeast Turkey. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-9659-4.
  15. ^ "Turkey, Country Assessment, November 2002" (PDF). Ecoi. Retrieved 8 April 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°21′47″N 40°54′31″E / 37.36306°N 40.90861°E / 37.36306; 40.90861