Mareeba

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Mareeba
Queensland
Mareeba.jpg
Mareeba is located in Queensland
Mareeba
Mareeba
Coordinates16°59′0″S 145°25′0″E / 16.98333°S 145.41667°E / -16.98333; 145.41667Coordinates: 16°59′0″S 145°25′0″E / 16.98333°S 145.41667°E / -16.98333; 145.41667
Population11,079 (2016 census)[1]
Established1877
Postcode(s)4880
Elevation400 m (1,312 ft)
LGA(s)Shire of Mareeba
State electorate(s)Cook
Federal Division(s)Kennedy
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
29.0 °C
84 °F
16.6 °C
62 °F
915.3 mm
36 in
Localities around Mareeba:
Paddys Green Biboohra Koah
Chewko Mareeba Lamb Range
Walkamin Tolga Danbulla
Tinaroo

Mareeba /məˈrbə/[2] is a town in Far North Queensland, Australia.[3][4] The town is 417 metres (1,368 ft) above sea level on the confluence of the Barron River, Granite Creek and Emerald Creek. It is within the local government area of Shire of Mareeba (between 2008 and 2013, it was within the Tablelands Region). The town's name is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning meeting of the waters.[5] In the 2011 census, Mareeba had a population of 10,181 people.[6]

History[edit]

Prior to European settlement, the area around Mareeba was inhabited by the Muluridji people. They maintained a hunter/gatherer existence in the area between Mount Carbine, Mareeba, Rumula (near Julatten) and Woodville (near Canoona), mainly concentrated between Biboohra and Mount Molloy. In the local Aboriginal language, Mareeba means meeting of the waters - referring to the point at which the Barron River is joined by Granite Creek.

On 26 May 1875 James Venture Mulligan became the first European officially to see the future site of Mareeba when he rode up the eastern bank of the Barron River, and passed the junctions of Emerald Creek and Granite Creek.

The Mareeba area was first settled by Europeans in 1877 by John Atherton, who arrived with cattle at Emerald End, which is just north of the town today. Mareeba quickly became a busy coach stop for Cobb & Co on the road from Port Douglas to Herberton. When the railway arrived in 1893, Mareeba grew into a busy town.

Mareeba Post Office opened on 25 August 1893 (a receiving office named Granite Creek had been open from 1891). A Mareeba Diggings Post Office opened by 1893 and closed in 1905.[7]

From 1942 to 1945, up to 10,000 Australian and US service personnel used Mareeba Airfield as a staging post for battles in New Guinea and the Pacific. The Americans referred to it as Hoevet Field in honour of Major Dean Carol "Pinky" Hoevet who was killed on 16 August 1942. Units that were based at Mareeba during World War II included No. 5 Squadron RAAF, No. 100 Squadron RAAF, the Australian 33rd Light A-A Battery, 19th Bomb Group USAAC, 43rd Bomb Group USAAC and 8th Fighter Group USAAC.

Mareeba State School opened on 28 August 1893. Mareeba State High School opened on 25 January 1960. [8]

Mareeba Library opened in 1958 and underwent a major refurbishment in 1985.[9]

At the 2006 census, Mareeba had a population of 6,806.[10]

In October 2011, most of the land (209 hectares) of the former state farm / research station at Kairi was sold by the Queensland Government, retaining only 26 hectares. The sale of the land was to fund the establishment of the Agri-Science Hub at Peters Street in Mareeba. The hub focusses on agricultural research and development, together with education and training. James Cook University is a partner of the hub, researching tropical agriculture, aquaculture and biosecurity.[11] The hub opened on 16 December 2011.[12]

According to the 2016 census, Mareeba includes the largest Italian Australian community of any suburb in Queensland,[13] numbering 1,608 individuals and making up 10.8% of the town's population.[14]

Heritage listings[edit]

Mareeba has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Climate[edit]

Mareeba has a tropical savanna climate. Mareeba's tag line on signs coming into the region is "300 sunny days a year" this is because Mareeba is in what is called a rain shadow.

Climate data for Mareeba Airport (2001-2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.8
(100)
37.0
(98.6)
34.8
(94.6)
34.0
(93.2)
34.0
(93.2)
33.0
(91.4)
31.8
(89.2)
33.0
(91.4)
35.6
(96.1)
39.0
(102.2)
39.0
(102.2)
38.2
(100.8)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
30.4
(86.7)
29.6
(85.3)
28.3
(82.9)
26.7
(80.1)
25.3
(77.5)
24.8
(76.6)
26.1
(79)
28.8
(83.8)
30.6
(87.1)
31.5
(88.7)
32.2
(90)
28.8
(83.8)
Average low °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
20.5
(68.9)
18.9
(66)
16.6
(61.9)
15.2
(59.4)
13.7
(56.7)
13.7
(56.7)
15.3
(59.5)
17.4
(63.3)
19.1
(66.4)
20.8
(69.4)
17.8
(64)
Record low °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
17.0
(62.6)
14.9
(58.8)
12.7
(54.9)
8.0
(46.4)
4.3
(39.7)
4.0
(39.2)
6.3
(43.3)
8.3
(46.9)
12.1
(53.8)
13.4
(56.1)
15.4
(59.7)
4.0
(39.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 229.0
(9.016)
245.7
(9.673)
164.7
(6.484)
50.2
(1.976)
10.3
(0.406)
12.2
(0.48)
6.5
(0.256)
9.4
(0.37)
4.2
(0.165)
13.8
(0.543)
52.0
(2.047)
91.6
(3.606)
871.6
(34.315)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 16.1 18.3 14.8 10.2 6.6 5.1 4.4 3.7 3.3 4.1 6.9 10.8 100.0
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[18]

Economy[edit]

Numerous crops are grown throughout Mareeba Shire, including avocados, mangoes, lychees, longans, sugar cane, cashews, macadamias, bananas, pineapples, tea tree oil, coffee, and a variety of vegetables and tropical fruits. Poultry and cattle are also common. Tobacco was once the main grown crop of the local economy, but is no longer grown within the Mareeba shire.

The town's main street is the Mulligan Highway which branches off from the Kennedy Highway when coming in from Cairns (63.3 km) away passing localities such as Speewah, Kuranda and The Barron Gorge.

Tourism also contributes to the local economy. Tourist attractions in the Mareeba Shire include the Golden Drop Mango Winery, Jaques Coffee Plantation, Coffee Works, Mareeba Heritage Museum, Mareeba Rock Wallabies and Granite Gorge Nature Park.

The Lotus Glen Correctional Centre is located in Arriga, 14 km outside Mareeba, and is generally considered to be in Mareeba. [19]

Education[edit]

Mareeba has two primary schools, two secondary schools and a TAFE campus. There are also several day care centres in the town.

  • St Thomas of Villanova Parish School
  • Mareeba State School
  • Mareeba State High School
  • St. Stephen's Catholic College
  • Tropical North Institute of TAFE

Mareeba State School opened on 28 August 1893 and Mareeba State High School opened on 25 January 1960.[20]

St Thomas of Villanova Parish School opened on 1 January 1909 and for a period of two years during World War Two, Mareeba State School was taken over by the army, so St Thomas’ accommodated the entire school population of Mareeba.[20] St Thomas' celebrated their centenary in 2009.[21]

On 24 January 2006 St Stephen's Catholic College opened after a nearly 10 year approval process regarding the provision of Catholic secondary education.[22]

Health[edit]

Mareeba Hospital is in the Tablelands Health District. It provides 52 beds, with surgical, maternity, pediatric, outpatient, emergency and x-ray facilities.[23]

Sport and entertainment[edit]

Sporting teams[edit]

Mareeba's local sporting teams are:

  • Rugby league — Mareeba Gladiators: The Gladiators participate in the Cairns District Rugby League competition. They last won the Premiership in 2007.[24]
  • Football (soccer) — Mareeba United Football Club

The Mareeba United Football Club, known as the Mareeba Bulls is based at Borzi Park, Mareeba: the Bulls have dominated the local football scene for the past decade. The Bulls were Grand Final winners in 2003, premiers, Grand Final Winners and NQ Champions in 2004, FNQ premiers and NQ Champions in 2005, FNQ Grand final winners and 2006 and FNQ premier and NQ Champions in 2008. The sustained success of the Bulls has brought the title for Mareeba as 'Football Capital of North Queensland'. Then in 2009, the Mareeba Bulls entered the Queensland State League, as the FNQ Bulls, incorporating the entire FNQ Football area, being based at the Bulls home ground at Borzi Park, Mareeba. The club then returned to the FNQ premier league in 2013 after the demise of the QLD state league. In 2013 the existed the QSL to focus back on their regional competition and junior base and the success again returned in 2014 the club returned to the status of "Football Capital of North Queensland" bringing to the club nine pieces of silverware including the treble in the Premier and Reserve divisions, plus the double in the 2nd division, plus the Mazda Cup. In 2015, the Mareeba Bulls Premier side staged one of the best comebacks seen in FNQ Football history with a come from behind 3-2 win. Down 2-0 with a handful of minutes to go, the Bulls did the unthinkable and scored 3 goals in the space of 7 minutes.

  • Motor Racing: Both the Mareeba Karting Club and the Far North Queensland Motorcycle club hold monthly race meetings at the Makotrac International Racetrack which is located five kilometres from Mareeba.

Rodeo[edit]

The Mareeba Rodeo and Festival is held annually, with the first Affiliated Mareeba Rodeo held in July 1949 (which is now the home ground of the Gladiators Rugby League team).[25] The rodeo is hosted at the Kerribee Park Rodeo Grounds, located slightly out of town on route to Dimbulah. In 2014, the attendance was 13 000, almost double the town's normal population.[citation needed] A parade through the town is held, and the Rodeo Queen is crowned (the first Princess was crowned in 1959). A ute muster is often staged over the same weekend as the rodeo. In 1999 Mareeba District Rodeo Association Inc. celebrated their 50 years Golden Jubilee of the foundation of the Association and 20 years of the opening of "Kerribee Park".[25]

Radio[edit]

Mareeba is serviced by the following radio stations:

Country Music Festival[edit]

The FNQ Country Music Festival and Talent Search is held annually at Kerribee Park Rodeo Grounds. The event is hosted by the Walkamin Country Music Club.[26]

Hotels[edit]

The Peninsula Hotel.

Mareeba has three hotels:

  • The Anthill
  • The Graham
  • The Gateway
  • The Jackaroo

Religion[edit]

Mareeba has representatives from a large number of religions and has as many places of worship.[citation needed]

Each year, on the second Sunday of September, St Thomas's Catholic Church celebrates the Feast of Our Lady of the Chain. The celebration begins with a procession through various streets of Mareeba and culminates in a fireworks display.[27]

The Mareeba Mosque opened on 25 April (Anzac Day) 1970 by the Mareeba Shire Chairman. It was built by the Albanian Australian Islam Society.[28]

Amenities[edit]

Mareeba Shire Council operates a public library at 221 Byrnes Street.[29] The library facility opened in 1958, with a major refurbishment in 1985 and minor refurbishment in 2013. [30]

Photo gallery[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mareeba (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 January 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Mareeba - town (entry 20937)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Mareeba - locality (entry 48746)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  5. ^ queenslandplaces.com.au/mareeba
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Mareeba". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 February 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  7. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Opening and closing dates of schools in Queensland". Education Queensland. Archived from the original on 17 January 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  9. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  10. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mareeba (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
  11. ^ Mulherin, Tim (24 October 2011). "$6.95 million for Mareeba agri-science hub". Media Statements. Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 27 January 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  12. ^ Mulherin, Tim (16 December 2011). "$6.5 million Mareeba Agriscience Hub officially opened". Media Statements. Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 29 January 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  13. ^ "2016Census_G_QLD_SSC - Census DataPacks - General Community Profile". Australian Bureau of Statistics – Census 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  14. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mareeba (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 July 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  15. ^ "Cairns Railway, Section from Redlynch to Crooked Creek Bridge (entry 600755)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Mareeba Shire Hall (former) (entry 601553)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  17. ^ "Assay Office & Store, Mareeba (entry 601692)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  18. ^ "MAREEBA QWRC". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. March 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  19. ^ "Visitor Information" (PDF). Department of Justice and the Attorney General. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Opening and closing dates of schools in Queensland". Education Queensland. Archived from the original on 17 January 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  21. ^ St Thomas's Parish School (Mareeba, Qld) (2009), St Thomas's Parish School Mareeba : centenary 100 years, Rena Ceola, ISBN 978-0-646-51350-8
  22. ^ "History of the College". St Stephen's Catholic College. Archived from the original on 4 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  23. ^ "Mareeba Hospital Homepage". Queensland Health. 1 April 2016. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  24. ^ "Sports Facilities/Clubs". Queensland Health. 1 August 2013. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  25. ^ a b "History". Mareeba Rodeo and Festival. 2018. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  26. ^ "Festival". Walkamin Country Music Club. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  27. ^ "Special Celebrations and Feast Days". Catholic Diocese of Cairns. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  28. ^ Carne, J.C (1 January 1984), Moslem Albanians in North Queensland, James Cook University of North Queensland, retrieved 16 April 2017
  29. ^ "Mareeba Library". Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. 3 February 2016. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  30. ^ "Queensland Public Library Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  31. ^ Bruce, Mike (8 January 2012). "Passions on the Field". The Sunday Mail. Retrieved 20 September 2015.

External links[edit]