|Département de Marengo|
|department of the First French Republic and of the First French Empire|
|•||Decree of 24 Fructidor, year X||11 September 1802|
|•||Treaty of Fontainebleau||11 April 1814|
|•||1812||3,482.61 km2 (1,345 sq mi)|
|Density||91.4 /km2 (236.8 /sq mi)|
|Political subdivisions||3 Arrondissements |
Marengo was a department of the French Consulate and of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the Marengo plain near Alessandria to commemorate the eponymous French victory. It was formed in 1802, when the Subalpine Republic (formerly the mainland portion of the Kingdom of Sardinia) was directly annexed to France. Its capital was Alessandria.
Initially it comprised the former Piedmontese provinces of Alessandria, Casale, Tortona, Voghera and Bobbio. Following the annexation of the Ligurian Republic to France in 1805, Voghera, Bobbio and Tortona passed to the newly created Department of Genoa, while the Department of Marengo acquired Asti, previously in the Department of Tanaro.
The department was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. At the Congress of Vienna, the Savoyard King of Sardinia was restored in all his previous realms and domains, including Piedmont. Its territory is now divided between the Italian provinces of Alessandria and Asti.
- Alessandria, cantons: Alessandria (2 cantons), Bosco, Cassine, Castellazzo, Felizzano, Sezzadio and Valenza.
- Asti, cantons: Asti, Canelli, Castelnuovo d'Asti, Cocconato, Costigliole, Mombercelli, Montafia, Montechiaro, Portacomaro, Rocca d'Arazzo, San Damiano, Tigliole and Villanova d'Asti.
- Casale, cantons: Casale, Gabiano, Moncalvo, Montemagno, Montiglio, Pontestura, Rosignano, San Salvatore, Ticineto and Villanova.
Its population in 1812 was 318,447, and its area was 348,261 hectares.
The division was included within the 28th military division, the 16th cohort of the légion d'honneur, the 29th conservation des forêts, the Diocese of Casale, the sénatorerie of Turin and the court of appeal of Genoa. It elected three deputies to the Corps législatif of the First Empire.