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Dame Margaret Joan Anstee, DCMG (born 25 June 1926) served at the United Nations for over four decades (1952–93), rising to the rank of Under-Secretary General in 1987. She worked on operational programmes of economic and social development in all regions of the world, mostly with the United Nations Development Programme. From 1987-1992 she served as Director General of the United Nations at Vienna, Head of the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs and Coordinator of all United Nations narcotic drug-control programs. From 1992-93 she was the Secretary General's Special Representative to Angola.
Margaret Anstee served successively as Resident Representative of the UN Development Programme (UNDP) in eight countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa. From 1974 - 1987 she occupied senior positions at the UN's New York HQ. She was also given major responsibilities in a number of disaster relief operations (Bangladesh 1973, Mexican earthquake 1985, Chernobyl nuclear disaster 1991-2, Kuwait burning oil wells 1991-2) as well as special assignments for the Secretary General to assist countries in dire economic distress (Bolivia 1982-92, Peru 1990-92). In addition, she was involved in the design and implementation of several major reforms of the UN system.
Since leaving the UN in July 1993, she has been a Special Adviser to the government of Bolivia on matters relating to development and international finance. In 1994 she wrote a report for UNCTAD on the technical cooperation needs of developing countries in the wake of the completion of the Uruguay Round and led an Inter-American Development Bank mission to Bolivia on socio-economic reform. She writes and lectures widely on the United Nations, particularly on issues related to development, peacekeeping, and UN reform. Since 1996 she has advised the Secretary General of the United Nations' Department of Political Affairs, on a pro bono publico basis, on operational aspects of post-conflict peace-building.
She also chairs the Advisory Board of the Lessons Learned Unit of the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, and for some years has actively taken part in practical training in peacekeeping techniques for both military and civilian personnel, including simulation exercises, in the UK, Sweden, South America and the United States, South Africa and other African countries.
Dame Margaret was educated at Chelmsford County High School for Girls and Newnham College, Cambridge, of which she is an Honorary Fellow, and at the University of London. In 1993 she was awarded the Reves Peace Prize by William and Mary College (U.S.) and has Honorary Doctorates in the UK from the Universities of Essex (1994), Westminster (1996) and London (1998).
In the 1994 New Year Honours, Queen Elizabeth II made her a Dame Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George. She has also been honoured by the Governments of Austria, Bolivia and Morocco.
Gate of the Sun: a Prospet of Bolivia was published in Great Britain by Longman in 1970, and was later published in the United States under the title Bolivia: Gate of the Sun. by Paul S. Eriksson. Orphan of the Cold War: the Inside Story of the Collapse of the Angolan Peace Process 1992-1993, was published in the UK and the US in October 1996. A Portuguese translation was published in Portugal in April 1997. Her memoirs Never Learn to Type: A Woman at the United Nations was published in May 2003 by Wiley.