Margaret Calvert

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Margaret Vivienne Calvert

Born1936 (age 84–85)
NationalityBritish
EducationSt Paul's Girls' School, London
Alma materChelsea College of Arts, London
OccupationTypographer and graphic designer
Years active1957–present
Known forDesign of road signs in the United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies and British Overseas Territories.
Notable work
AwardsOfficer of the Order of the British Empire

Margaret Vivienne Calvert[1] OBE RDI (born 1936) is a British typographer and graphic designer who, with colleague Jock Kinneir, designed many of the road signs used throughout the United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies, and British Overseas Territories, as well as the Transport font used on road signs, the Rail Alphabet font used on the British railway system, and an early version of the signs used in airports. The typeface developed by Kinneir and Calvert was further developed into New Transport and used for the single domain GOV.UK website in the United Kingdom.[2]

Born in South Africa, Calvert moved to England in 1950, where she studied at St Paul's Girls' School and the Chelsea College of Art. Kinneir, her tutor there, asked her to help him design the signs for Gatwick Airport. They chose the black on yellow scheme for the signs after researching the most effective combination.[3] They also designed luggage labels for P & O Lines in 1957.[4][5]

In 1957, Kinneir was appointed head of signs for Britain's roads. He then hired Calvert to redesign the road sign system and she came up with simple, easy-to-understand pictograms, including the signs for 'men at work' (a man digging), 'farm animals' (based on a cow named Patience that lived on a farm near to where she grew up), and 'schoolchildren nearby' (a girl leading a boy by the hand), using the European protocol of triangular signs for warnings and circles for mandatory restrictions.[6] The Worboys Committee was formed by the British government in July 1963 to review signage on all British roads.

In addition to her road signs, Calvert has designed commercial fonts for Monotype, including the eponymous Calvert font, a slab serif design which she created in 1980. It originated in a 1970s proposal to the French new town of Saint Quentin-en-Yvelines for a new font to provide a visual identity for the town. However, the slab-serif typeface and three-dimensional letter shapes were rejected.[5] The font was later adopted by the Tyne and Wear Metro system as well as north-east England bus and ferry services in the 1980s.[7]

In 2020 a new version of the font used in the UK rail system was introduced, Rail Alphabet 2. It was designed in collaboration with Henrik Kubel.[8]

Calvert taught at the Royal College of Art for almost 40 years and was head of graphics from 1987 to 1991.[5]

Recognition[edit]

She was awarded an honorary degree by the University of the Arts London in 2004.[9]

She appeared on Top Gear on 3 January 2010, talking about the design process of the UK road signs. James May interviewed her in a 2009 Vauxhall Insignia.[10]

She was made a Royal Designer for Industry for Graphic Design in 2011.[11] In 2015, Calvert was presented with the D&AD President's Award.[12]

Calvert was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to typography and road safety.[1][13][14]

In June 2018 Calvert was awarded an Honorary Fellowship by Arts University Bournemouth alongside dancer Darcey Bussell, costume designer Jenny Beavan OBE and director and screenwriter Edgar Wright.[15]

A retrospective exhibition of her work Margaret Calvert: Woman at Work[8] is held from 21 October 2020 till 10 January 2021 at the Design Museum in London.[5]

Gallery of work[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Birthday Honours 2016: the Prime Minister's list" (PDF). UK Government. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  2. ^ "A few words on Typography". GDS Blog. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  3. ^ Baines, Phil (10 September 2003). "The Time of the Signs". Frieze. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  4. ^ "P&O-Orient Lines Luggage Labels". Jock Kinnear Library. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d Wainwright, Oliver (23 October 2020). "Are we nearly there yet? How Margaret Calvert steered Britain into the fast lane". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  6. ^ McClatchey, Caroline (9 December 2011). "The road sign as design classic". BBC News. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
  7. ^ "Calvert". Identifont. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Margaret Calvert: Woman at Work". The Design Museum. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  9. ^ "First graduating year of University of the Arts London". University of the Arts London. 7 June 2004. Retrieved 9 December 2011.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Top Gear S14E07 programme notes". BBC iPlayer. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
  11. ^ "RSA ANNOUNCES ROYAL DESIGNERS FOR INDUSTRY 2011". RSA. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  12. ^ "D&AD President's Award Winner 2015: Margaret Calvert". D&AD. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  13. ^ "No. 61608". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 2016. p. B11.
  14. ^ "Queen's Birthday Honours: Rod Stewart and Tim Peake head list". BBC News Online. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  15. ^ Reader, Jane (8 July 2018). "Strictly judge Dame Darcey honoured by Arts University Bournemouth". Bournemouth Echo. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  16. ^ Presenter: Joe Carr, Interviewee: Margaret Calvert (2004). "Routemasters". 1. Episode 1. BBC. BBC Radio 4.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • MacMillan, Niel (2006). An A–Z of Type Designers. London: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300111514.