Margaret Cambridge, Marchioness of Cambridge
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|Marchioness of Cambridge|
|Born||8 April 1873|
|Died||27 March 1929(aged 55)|
|Spouse||Adolphus Cambridge, 1st Marquess of Cambridge
(m. 1894–1927; his death)
|Issue||George Cambridge, 2nd Marquess of Cambridge
Mary Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort
Lady Helena Gibbs
Lord Frederick Cambridge
|Father||Hugh Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster|
|Mother||Lady Constance Gertrude Leveson-Gower|
Margaret Evelyn Cambridge, Marchioness of Cambridge (8 April 1873 – 27 March 1929) was the sixth child and third daughter of the 1st Duke of Westminster and the wife of the 1st Marquess of Cambridge. She was known before her marriage as The Lady Margaret Grosvenor, and after it she was also known as Princess Adolphus of Teck and later The Duchess of Teck.
Lady Margaret Grosvenor was born at Eaton Hall in Cheshire. Her father was the 3rd Marquess of Westminster (later 1st Duke of Westminster), the son of the 2nd Marquess of Westminster and Lady Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower. Her mother was Lady Constance Gertrude Leveson-Gower, the daughter of the 2nd Duke of Sutherland.
On 12 December 1894 she married Prince Adolphus of Teck at Eaton Hall, Cheshire. Prince Adolphus of Teck was the eldest son of Prince Francis, Duke of Teck and Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge. He was also the younger brother of Mary of Teck, Duchess of York (later Queen Mary).
After her marriage she took on her husband's title and style and was known as Her Serene Highness Princess Adolphus of Teck. Together the couple had four children:
- Prince George of Teck, later 2nd Marquess of Cambridge, (11 October 1895 – 16 April 1981), married 1923 Dorothy Hastings (18 May 1899 – 1 April 1988);
- Princess Mary of Teck, later Lady Mary Cambridge (12 June 1897 – 23 June 1987, married 1923 the 10th Duke of Beaufort (4 April 1900 – 4 February 1984)
- Princess Helena of Teck, later styled Lady Helena Cambridge (23 October 1899 – 22 December 1969), married 1919 Colonel John Evelyn Gibbs (22 December 1879 – 11 October 1932
- Prince Frederick of Teck, later styled Lord Frederick Cambridge (23 September 1907 – 30 May 1940)
Duchess of Teck
In 1900, Prince Francis, Duke of Teck died, and Adolphus succeeded him as 2nd Duke of Teck. Margaret was now styled, Her Serene Highness The Duchess of Teck. The Dukedom of Teck was a title in the Kingdom of Württemberg. In 1911, King George V, awarded the Duke of Teck, the style Highness as a gift on his coronation. From then on Margaret was known as Her Highness The Duchess of Teck.
Marchioness of Cambridge
During World War I, anti-German feeling in the United Kingdom led King George V to change the name of the royal house from the Germanic House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to the more English sounding, House of Windsor. The King also renounced all his Germanic titles for himself and all members of the British Royal Family who were British subjects.
In response to this, Adolphus renounced his title of Duke of Teck in the Kingdom of Württemberg and the style His Highness. Adolphus, along with his brother, Prince Alexander of Teck, adopted the name Cambridge, after their grandfather, Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge.
He was subsequently created Marquess of Cambridge, Earl of Eltham, and Viscount Northallerton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Margaret from then on became The Marchioness of Cambridge. Their elder son took the title Earl of Eltham as a courtesy title. The younger children became Lord/Lady (Christian Name) Cambridge.
After World War I the couple made their home at Shotton Hall, near Shrewsbury, England, until after her husband's death in 1927. His elder son, the Earl of Eltham, succeeded him as Marquess of Cambridge. Lady Cambridge survived him by two years, and died on 27 March 1929 in London. She was first buried beside her husband at St George's Chapel until their coffins were moved to the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore.
- 8 April 1873 – 12 December 1894: The Lady Margaret Grosvenor
- 12 December 1894 – 21 January 1900: Her Serene Highness Princess Adolphus of Teck
- 21 January 1900 – 9 June 1911: Her Serene Highness The Duchess of Teck
- 9 June 1911 – 14 July 1917: Her Highness The Duchess of Teck
- 14–17 July 1917: The Lady Margaret Cambridge
- 17 July 1917 – 23 October 1927: The Most Honourable The Marchioness of Cambridge
- 23 October 1927 – 27 March 1929: The Most Honourable The Dowager Marchioness of Cambridge