|The Right Honourable
|Minister of Social Security
Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
18 October 1964 – 26 July 1967
|Prime Minister||Harold Wilson|
|Preceded by||Richard Wood|
|Succeeded by||Judith Hart|
|Member of Parliament
for North Lanarkshire
5 July 1945 – 18 June 1970
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill
|Preceded by||William Anstruther-Gray|
|Succeeded by||John Smith|
|Born||Margaret McCrorie Herbison
11 March 1907
Shotts, Lanarkshire, Scotland
|Died||29 December 1996
|Alma mater||University of Glasgow|
Educated at Bellshill Academy and the University of Glasgow, her early career was spent as a teacher of English and history and as an economics lecturer for the National Council of Labour Colleges. The daughter of a miner, she would later serve on the Miners' Welfare Commission. She was elected as Labour Member of Parliament for North Lanarkshire at the 1945 general election, defeating the Conservative incumbent, future Deputy Speaker of the House William Anstruther-Gray. She held the seat until she retired at the 1970 general election.
In government, she held office as Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland from 1950 to 1951, as Minister of Pensions and National Insurance from 1964 to 1966, and as Minister of Social Security from 1966 to 1967. She was opposition spokesperson on Scotland (1951–1956, 1959–1962), Education (1956–1959), and Pensions (1958–1959 and 1962–1964).
She was a Member of Labour National Executive Committee, and Labour Party Chairman in 1957. In the House of Commons, she was Chairman of Select Committee on Overseas Aid in 1969-70. She was a British delegate to the Council of Europe, and is believed to be the only woman - among 101 members - to attend the very first sitting of the Council's Parliamentary Assembly in Strasbourg in August of 1949.
A lifelong member of the Church of Scotland, from 1970 to 1971 she became the first woman to serve as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.
She died of cancer on 29 December 1996 at St Mary's Hospital, Lanark.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- Dalyell, Tam (2004). "Herbison, Margaret McCrorie [Peggy] (1907–1996)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/64016. Retrieved 2009-09-13. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Margaret Herbison
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for North Lanarkshire
|Party political offices|
|Chair of the Labour Party
|Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
as Minister of Social Security
as Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
|Minister of Social Security