Margaret Osborne duPont

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont.jpg
Full name Margaret Evelyn Osborne duPont
Country (sports)  United States
Born (1918-03-04)March 4, 1918
Joseph, Oregon, U.S.[1]
Died October 24, 2012(2012-10-24) (aged 94)
El Paso, Texas, U.S.
Plays Right-handed
Int. Tennis HoF 1967 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1947)
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open W (1946, 1949)
Wimbledon W (1947)
US Open W (1948, 1949, 1950)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French Open W (1946, 1947, 1949)
Wimbledon W (1946, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1954)
US Open W (1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1957)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Wimbledon W (1962)
US Open W (1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1950, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960)

Margaret Osborne duPont (born Margaret Evelyn Osborne; March 4, 1918 – October 24, 2012) was a World No. 1 American female tennis player.

DuPont won a total of 37 singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles Grand Slam titles, which places her fourth on the all-time list despite never entering the Australian Championships. She won 25 of her Grand Slam titles at the U.S. Championships, which is an all-time record.

Career[edit]

DuPont won six Grand Slam singles titles, saving match points in the finals of the 1946 French Championships (versus Pauline Betz Addie) and 1948 U.S. Championships (versus Louise Brough). In terms of games played, the 1948 final at the U.S. Championships is the longest women's singles final ever played at that tournament (48 games).

DuPont teamed with Brough (later Louise Brough Clapp) to win 20 Grand Slam women's doubles titles, which ties Martina Navratilova and Pam Shriver for the most Grand Slam titles ever won by a women's doubles team. DuPont and Brough won nine consecutive titles at the U.S. Championships from 1942 through 1950. They won that tournament 12 of the 14 years they entered as a team. Their 12 titles is an all-time record for a women's doubles team at the U.S. Championships, easily surpassing the four career titles won by the teams of Navratilova and Shriver, Doris Hart and Shirley Fry Irvin, and Sarah Palfrey Cooke and Alice Marble. DuPont won a total of 13 women's doubles titles at the U.S. Championships, which also is an all-time record, as is her 10 consecutive women's doubles titles at the U.S. Championships from 1941 through 1950.

DuPont won more mixed doubles titles at the U.S. Championships than any other player. She won nine titles, including four with William Talbert (a record for a mixed doubles team at the U.S. Championships) and three with Neale Fraser.

According to John Olliff and Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, duPont was ranked in the world top ten from 1946 through 1950, 1953, 1954, 1956, and 1957 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of World No. 1 in those rankings from 1947 through 1950.[2] DuPont was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association in 1938, 1941 through 1950, 1953, 1956, and 1958. She was the top ranked U.S. player from 1948 through 1950.[3]

From 1938 through 1958, DuPont went undefeated in ten Wightman Cup competitions, winning her ten singles and nine doubles matches. She also captained the U.S. team nine times, winning eight.

Personal life[edit]

Margaret married William duPont, Jr. on November 26, 1947[4] and later interrupted her career to give birth to a son, William duPont III on July 22, 1952. She is one of the few women to win a major title after childbirth. DuPont never played the Australian Championships because her husband would not let her.

They didn't start to invite people down there and pay their expenses until I got married, and that was wintertime and Will's vacation time, and I just never got to go. He threatened to divorce me if I went to Australia, so I never went. He had that respiratory trouble, and he wanted me to come to California with him. He thought I should be with him. That was that.[5]

She later divorced duPont in 1964 and formed a life partnership with fellow player Margaret Varner Bloss.[6]

DuPont died on October 24, 2012 while in hospice care in El Paso, Texas at age 94.[1]

Awards[edit]

She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1967. The Delaware Sports Museum and Hall of Fame inducted duPont in 1999. In 2010, she was inducted into the US Open Court of Champions.[7]

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles (6 titles, 3 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1946 French Championships Clay United States Pauline Betz Addie 1–6, 8–6, 7–5
Winner 1947 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 1947 U.S. Championships Grass United States Louise Brough 6–8, 6–4, 1–6
Winner 1948 U.S. Championships Grass United States Louise Brough 4–6, 6–4, 15–13
Winner 1949 French Championships (2) Clay France Nelly Adamson-Landry 7–5, 6–2
Runner-up 1949 Wimbledon Grass United States Louise Brough 8–10, 6–1, 8–10
Winner 1949 U.S. Championships (2) Grass United States Doris Hart 6–3, 6–1
Runner-up 1950 Wimbledon Grass United States Louise Brough 1–6, 6–3, 1–6
Winner 1950 U.S. Championships (3) Grass United States Doris Hart 6–4, 6–3

Doubles (21 titles, 6 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1941 U.S. Championships Grass United States Sarah Palfrey United States Dorothy Bundy
United States Pauline Betz
3–6, 6–1, 6–4
Winner 1942 U.S. Championships (2) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Pauline Betz
United States Doris Hart
2–6, 7–5, 6–0
Winner 1943 U.S. Championships (3) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Pauline Betz
United States Doris Hart
6–4, 6–3
Winner 1944 U.S. Championships (4) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Pauline Betz
United States Doris Hart
4–6, 6–4, 6–3
Winner 1945 U.S. Championships (5) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Pauline Betz
United States Doris Hart
6–3, 6–3
Winner 1946 Wimbledon Championships Grass United States Louise Brough United States Pauline Betz
United States Doris Hart
6–3, 2–6, 6–3
Winner 1946 French Championships Clay United States Louise Brough United States Pauline Betz
United States Doris Hart
6–4, 0–6, 6–1
Winner 1946 U.S. Championships (6) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Pat Canning Todd
United States Mary Arnold Prentiss
6–1, 6–3
Runner-up 1947 Wimbledon Championships Grass United States Louise Brough United States Doris Hart
United States Pat Canning Todd
3–6, 6–4, 7–5
Winner 1947 French Championships (2) Clay United States Louise Brough United States Pauline Betz
United States Pat Canning Todd
7–5, 6–2
Winner 1947 U.S. Championships (7) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Pat Canning Todd
United States Doris Hart
5–7, 6–3, 7–5
Winner 1948 Wimbledon Championships (2) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Doris Hart
United States Pat Canning Todd
6–3, 3–6, 6–3
Winner 1948 U.S. Championships (8) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Pat Canning Todd
United States Doris Hart
6–4, 8–10, 6–1
Winner 1949 French Championships (3) Clay United States Louise Brough United Kingdom Joy Gannon
United Kingdom Betty Hilton
7–5, 6–1
Winner 1949 Wimbledon Championships (3) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Gussy Moran
United States Pat Canning Todd
8–6, 7–5
Winner 1949 U.S. Championships (9) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Doris Hart
United States Shirley Fry
6–4, 10–8
Runner-up 1950 French Championships Clay United States Louise Brough United States Doris Hart
United States Shirley Fry
1–6, 7–5, 6–2
Winner 1950 Wimbledon Championships (4) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Shirley Fry
United States Doris Hart
6–4, 5–7, 6–1
Winner 1950 U.S. Championships (10) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Doris Hart
United States Shirley Fry
6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 1951 Wimbledon Championships Grass United States Louise Brough United States Shirley Fry
United States Doris Hart
6–3, 13–11
Runner-up 1953 U.S. Championships Grass United States Louise Brough United States Doris Hart
United States Shirley Fry
6–2, 7–9, 9-7
Winner 1954 Wimbledon Championships (5) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Shirley Fry
United States Doris Hart
4–6, 9–7, 6–3
Runner-up 1954 U.S. Championships Grass United States Louise Brough United States Doris Hart
United States Shirley Fry
6–4, 6–4
Winner 1955 U.S. Championships (11) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Doris Hart
United States Shirley Fry
6–3, 1–6, 6–3
Winner 1956 U.S. Championships (12) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Betty Rosenquest Pratt
United States Shirley Fry
6–3, 6–0
Winner 1957 U.S. Championships (13) Grass United States Louise Brough United States Althea Gibson
United States Darlene Hard
6–2, 7–5
Runner-up 1958 Wimbledon Championships (5) Grass United States Margaret Varner Brazil Maria Bueno
United States Althea Gibson
3–6, 5–7

Mixed Doubles: (10 titles, 4 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1943 U.S. Championships Grass United States Bill Talbert United States Pauline Betz
United States Pancho Segura
10–6, 6–4
Winner 1944 U.S. Championships Grass United States Bill Talbert United States Dorothy Bundy
United States Don McNeill
6–2, 6–3
Winner 1945 U.S. Championships Grass United States Bill Talbert United States Doris Hart
United States Bob Falkenberg
6–4, 6–4
Winner 1946 U.S. Championships Grass United States Bill Talbert United States Louise Brough Clapp
United States Robert Kimbrell
6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 1948 U.S. Championships Grass United States Bill Talbert United States Louise Brough Clapp
United States Tom Brown
4–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1949 U.S. Championships Grass United States Bill Talbert United States Louise Brough Clapp
South Africa Eric Sturgess
6–4, 3–6, 5–7
Winner 1950 U.S. Championships Grass Australia Ken McGregor United States Doris Hart
Australia Frank Sedgman
6–4, 3–6, 6–3
Runner-up 1954 Wimbledon Grass Australia Ken Rosewall United States Doris Hart
United States Vic Seixas
7–5, 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 1954 U.S. Championships Grass Australia Ken Rosewall United States Doris Hart
United States Vic Seixas
6–4, 1–6, 1–6
Winner 1956 U.S. Championships Grass Australia Ken Rosewall United States Darlene Hard
Australia Lew Hoad
9–7, 6–1
Winner 1958 U.S. Championships Grass Australia Neale Fraser Brazil Maria Bueno
United States Alex Olmedo
6–3, 3–6, 9–7
Winner 1959 U.S. Championships Grass Australia Neale Fraser United States Janet Hopps
Australia Bob Mark
7–5, 13–15, 6–2
Winner 1960 U.S. Championships Grass Australia Neale Fraser Brazil Maria Bueno
Mexico Antonio Palafox
6–3, 6–2
Winner 1962 Wimbledon Grass Australia Neale Fraser United Kingdom Ann Haydon-Jones
United States Dennis Ralston
2–6, 6–3, 13–11

Grand Slam performance timelines[edit]

Key
W  F  SF QF R# RR Q# A NH
(W) Won tournament; reached (F) final, (SF) semifinal, (QF) quarterfinal; (R#) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; competed at a (RR) round-robin stage; reached a (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent from tournament; or (NH) tournament not held.

Singles[edit]

Tournament 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 Career SR
Australia A A A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
France A A NH R R R R A W SF A W QF SF A A A A A A A A A A A 2 / 5
Wimbledon A A NH NH NH NH NH NH SF W SF F F QF A A QF A A A QF A A A 1R 1 / 9
United States 2R A 3R SF SF QF F QF QF F W W W A A QF 3R A QF A 3R A 1R A A 3 / 17
SR 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 2 2 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 6 / 31

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

Women's doubles[edit]

Tournament 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 Career SR
Australia A A A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
France A A NH R R R R A W W A W F A A A A A A A A A A A A 3 / 4
Wimbledon A A NH NH NH NH NH NH W F W W W F A A W A A A F A A A 3R 5 / 9
United States 1R A QF W W W W W W W W W W A A F F W W W QF QF A SF SF 13 / 21
SR 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 3 / 3 2 / 3 2 / 2 3 / 3 2 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 1 / 2 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 2 21 / 34

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

Mixed doubles[edit]

Tournament 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 Career SR
Australia A A A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
France A A NH R R R R A ? ? A ? ? SF A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / ?
Wimbledon A A NH NH NH NH NH NH SF SF SF 4R 4R SF A A F A A A ? A A A W 1 / ?
United States 2R A ? ? SF W W W W SF F F W A A A F ? W SF W W W A A 9 / ?
SR 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / ? 0 / ? 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / ? 0 / ? 0 / ? 0 / ? 1 / ? 0 / ? 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / ? 1 / 1 0 / 1 1 / ? 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 0 1 /1 10 / ?

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Finn, Robin (October 25, 2012). "Margaret Osborne duPont, Tennis Champion, Dies at 94". The New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 702–3. ISBN 0-942257-41-3. 
  3. ^ United States Tennis Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc. pp. 260–1. 
  4. ^ "William du Pont, Jr. papers (Accession 2317.II), Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807". 
  5. ^ Billie Jean King with Cynthia Starr (1988). We Have Come a Long Way: The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 70. ISBN 0-07-034625-9. 
  6. ^ Billie Jean King with Cynthia Starr (1988). We Have Come a Long Way: The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 75. ISBN 0-07-034625-9. 
  7. ^ http://www.usopen.org/en_US/about/court/archive.html

External links[edit]