Margaret Sloan-Hunter

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Margaret Sloan-Hunter
Margaret Sloan-Hunter.jpg
Born May 31, 1947
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Died September 23, 2004
Oakland, California
Literary movement Congress of Racial Equality;
National Black Feminist Organization

Margaret Sloan-Hunter (May 31, 1947 – September 23, 2004) was a Black feminist, lesbian,[1] civil rights advocate, and one of the early editors of Ms. magazine.

Early life[edit]

Margaret Sloan-Hunter was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee on May 31, 1947. She grew up in Chicago.[2]

Career[edit]

When Sloan-Hunter was 14, she joined the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a group that worked on poverty and urban issues on behalf of the African-American community in Chicago. At the age of 17, she founded the Junior Catholic Inter-Racial Council, a mix of suburban and inner-city students who talked about and worked on racial problems. In 1966, Sloan-Hunter worked with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and in the "Open Housing Marches".[3]

Margaret Sloan-Hunter paired up with Jane Galvin-Lewis, another former writer of Ms. Magazine, to challenge racism and sexism as interlocking oppressions. To get involved further, Sloan-Hunter and Galvin-Lewis paired up with Florynce Kennedy in 1973 to speak on college campuses around the Country. Their events became places for other black feminists to find each other and create support groups. This led Sloan-Hunter, Kennedy, and Galvin-Lewis in creating the NBFO or National Black Feminist Organization in Kennedy's living room one late night. In the NBFO, many women worked to define the specific oppression black women face.[4]

Sloan-Hunter also became one of the first editors of Ms. Magazine, a magazine supporting the feminist movement. Along with editing, she traveled to speak on issues of sexism and racism throughout the United States, Canada, and Europe.[5][2]

Through the National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO), Sloan-Hunter tackled some of the same race and feminist issues she grew up fighting for. In 1975, she and her daughter Kathleen Sloan moved to Oakland, California, where they established the Women's Foundation.[3] She also helped organize the Berkeley Women’s Center and the Feminist School for Girls.[6] Sloan-Hunter was an intersectionality activist, fighting for African American, feminist, and lesbian causes.[7]

Margaret Sloan-Hunter published a book of poetry called Black & Lavender in 1995.[8] Black & Lavender was a series of thirty-eight poems written about Sloan-Hunter's life.[9]

Education[edit]

Margaret Sloan-Hunter won many awards for public speaking in high school. Margaret Sloan-Hunter went on to Chicago City College and Malcolm X College to major in speech. After this, she received a degree in Women’s Studies at Antioch University in San Francisco.[10]

Death[edit]

Margaret died in Oakland, California when she was 57 years old. On September 23, 2004, her family confirmed she faced a prolonged illness.[2]

[11] [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sloan-Hunter, Margaret. The Issue is Woman Identification, in For Lesbians Only: A Separatist Anthology, Onlywomen Press, 1988, ISBN 0-906500-28-1, p147
  2. ^ a b c "Margaret Sloan-Hunter, noted feminist activist, writer and lecturer, succumbs" in Jet Magazine, November 1, 2004.
  3. ^ a b Sloan-Hunter, Margaret. "Author Biography" in For Lesbians Only: A Separatist Anthology, Onlywomen Press, 1988, ISBN 0-906500-28-1, p. 588.
  4. ^ Randolph, Sherie M. (2015). Florynce "Flo" Kennedy. University of North Carolina Press. pp. 205–206. JSTOR 10.5149/9781469623924_randolph.14. 
  5. ^ {{cite web|title=Margaret Sloan-Hunter born|url=She died in Oakland in 2004 after a prolonged illness
  6. ^ Ms. Magazine, October 15, 2004, Obits.
  7. ^ [Sloan-Hunter was an intersectionality activist, fighting for African American, feminist, and lesbian causes. "Margaret Sloan-Hunter born"] Check |url= value (help). AARegistry. AAReg. 
  8. ^ Sloan-Hunter, Margaret. Black & Lavender, 1995, ISBN 1-887862-00-5
  9. ^ "Black & Lavender". Google Books. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  10. ^ "Margaret Sloan-Hunter born". AARegisitry. AAREG. 
  11. ^ "Margaret Sloan Hunter, 57, Black Feminist". The New York Sun. Retrieved October 15, 2004.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  12. ^ "Margaret Sloan-Hunter, Former Editor of Ms. Magazine, Dies at 57". Feminist Majority Foundation. Feminist Majority Foundation.