|8th United States Secretary of Education|
January 20, 2005 – January 20, 2009
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Rod Paige|
|Succeeded by||Arne Duncan|
|Director of the Domestic Policy Council|
January 30, 2002 – January 5, 2005
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||John Bridgeland|
|Succeeded by||Claude Allen|
|President of the University of North Carolina|
March 1, 2016 – March 1, 2019
|Preceded by||Thomas W. Ross|
|Succeeded by||William L. Roper (interim)|
Margaret M. Dudar
November 30, 1957
Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Gregg LaMontagne (divorced)|
Robert Spellings (divorced)
|Education||University of Houston (BA)|
Margaret M. LaMontagne Spellings (née Dudar; born November 30, 1957) is an American government and non-profit executive who has been serving as President and CEO of Texas 2036 since 2019. She previously served as the eighth United States secretary of education from 2005 to 2009. After leaving the government, Spellings served as president of the University of North Carolina System, overseeing the seventeen campus system from 2016 to 2019.
Spellings worked in several positions under George W. Bush during his tenure as Governor of Texas and President of the United States. She was one of the principal proponents of the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act that aimed at reforming primary and secondary education. She served as education secretary for the entire second term of Bush's administration, during which time she convened the Commission on the Future of Higher Education to recommend reform at the post-secondary level.
Early life and education
Margaret M. Dudar was born on November 30, 1957 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and moved with her family to Houston, Texas when she was in the third grade. She graduated from Sharpstown High School in 1975.
She earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of Houston in 1979 and worked in an education reform commission under Texas Governor William P. Clements and as associate executive director for the Texas Association of School Boards. Before her appointment to George W. Bush's presidential administration, Spellings was the political director for Bush's first gubernatorial campaign in 1994, and later became a senior advisor to Bush during his Texas governorship from 1995 to 2000.
Secretary of Education
Following Rod Paige's departure as Secretary of Education, Spellings was nominated to that position by President George W. Bush on November 17, 2004, confirmed by the U.S. Senate on January 20, 2005, which also marked the beginning of Bush's second presidential term, and sworn in on January 31 the same year. She was the second female Secretary of Education.
Postcards from Buster controversy
On January 21, 2005, one day after being confirmed as Secretary of Education, Spellings wrote a letter to the Public Broadcasting Service warning the network not to air an episode of the children's program Postcards from Buster. In that episode, the animated bunny Buster visits Vermont to learn about maple sugar production and meets real-life children who have lesbian parents. The children tell Buster they have a "mom and stepmom." A child explains that one of the women is her stepmother whom she loves. No other comment is made about the family.
Spellings' letter reminded Pat Mitchell, CEO of PBS that Postcards from Buster was funded in part by the Department of Education and "that many parents would not want their young children exposed to the life-styles portrayed in the episode." PBS decided not to distribute the episode, but WGBH, the public television station in Boston, said it would air it and offered it to any station "willing to defy the Education Department."
No Child Left Behind
In April 2005, on PBS's The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, she called Connecticut's resistance to the No Child Left Behind Act the "soft bigotry of low expectations." According to the program's transcript, she said:
I think it's regrettable, frankly, when the achievement gap between African-American and Anglo kids in Connecticut is quite large. And I think it's unfortunate for those families and those students that they are trying to find a loophole to get out of the law as opposed to attending to the needs of those kids. That's the notion, the soft bigotry of low expectations, as the president calls it, that No Child Left Behind rejects.
Controversy overseeing student loan programs
On May 10, 2007, Spellings testified before the House Education and Labor Committee responding to criticism from New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo that the Education Department had been "asleep at the switch" in overseeing student loan programs, allowing corruption and conflicts of interest to spread. Spellings has further gone on record to say that she is disregarding the suggestion by the Inspector General to hold the loan companies accountable for their graft.
Altha Cravey and Robert Siegel wrote in the News & Observer that Spellings had been "supporting for-profit colleges who prey on students – and then profiting off those same students when they default on their loans." Spellings served on the board of directors for the Apollo Group, the parent company of the for-profit University of Phoenix, which paid her more than $300,000.
Commission on the Future of Higher Education
In September 2005, Spellings announced the formation of the Secretary of Education's Commission on the Future of Higher Education, which has also been referred to as the Spellings Commission. The commission was charged with recommending a national strategy for reforming post-secondary education, with a particular focus on how well colleges and universities were preparing students for the 21st-century workplace. Controversial recommendations included a call for colleges and universities to focus on training students for the workforce and supporting research with commercial applications.
It had a secondary focus on how well high schools were preparing students for post-secondary education. Spellings described the work of the commission as a natural extension into higher education of the reforms carried out under No Child Left Behind, and is quoted as saying: "It's time we turn this elephant around and upside down and take a look at it."
President of the University of North Carolina (UNC)
On October 23, 2015, Spellings was elected as the president of the University of North Carolina system by the board of governors, effective March 1, 2016. She succeeded Thomas W. Ross, who was fired by the Board of Governors in a controversial move that some believed was motivated by politics. She is the second woman to serve as president of the University of North Carolina. In her role as president, she oversaw the seventeen constituent institutions that make up the UNC system, each having its own chancellor that serves as the chief executive on the local campus. Her base salary was $775,000.
Spellings' election as president of the university was controversial because of the way the secretive search process was conducted. At the Board of Governors meeting at which she was selected, several faculty attempted to read a statement before being escorted out by campus police. Over 100 faculty protestors outside the room shouted loud enough to be heard through the closed doors. According to the protestors, Spellings represented "everything that is troubling in the direction of public higher education in this country." "Faculty leaders said they were ignored during the process." Outgoing President Ross described the environment Spellings was entering as "hostile". On her first day, March 1, 2016, students and faculty walked out of their classes on six campuses. In Chapel Hill, demonstrators gathered on the steps of Wilson Library.
Several board of governors members called on Board Chairman John Fennebresque to resign for what they viewed as a mishandled and secretive search process. Chairman Fennebresque resigned the next business day following Spellings' election. System-wide faculty also offered up criticism of the process, declining to prejudge the new president, but saying that she would need to work hard to overcome the distrust built by the selection process. Controversy surrounding Spellings comes on the back of controversy surrounding the unexplained firing of her predecessor, which some have accused of being politically motivated, though this has been denied by Fennebresque.
LGBT issues and Response to House Bill 2
On October 23, 2015, Spellings was heavily criticized for making a comment about members of the LGBT community, suggesting it was a "lifestyle." In addition, many UNC campuses, in early 2016, were plastered with leaflets by discontented students, decrying Spellings as a "corporate educator", among other criticisms, such as her closeness to right-wing political figures.
On April 7, 2016, Spellings sent instructions to all elements of the University of North Carolina system to comply with the controversial new North Carolina law, the Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act (HB2), which requires transgender people to use the bathroom of their birth sex. Spellings said the next day that her instructions to comply did not imply her endorsement of the law. Students around the state protested the law.
On May 4, the U.S. Department of Justice informed Spellings that the University of North Carolina system was in violation of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 because of her previous declaration that she would enforce HB2. On May 31, the News & Observer of Raleigh reported that Spellings reversed her position and said she would not enforce HB2 to avoid a possible loss in federal funding for North Carolina.
Removal of Confederate Statue
On August 20, 2018, anti-racist protesters toppled the Silent Sam statue at University of North Carolina. Ms. Spellings in a joint statement said that "The actions last evening were unacceptable, dangerous, and incomprehensible." "We are a nation of laws and mob rule and the intentional destruction of public property will not be tolerated."
In October 2018, Spellings announced that she was resigning, effective March 1, 2019.
Future of Tech Commission
Spelling launched the Future of Tech Commission with Common Sense Media founder Jim Steyer and former Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick in April 2021. As co-chairs, this commission will compile solutions for a comprehensive tech policy agenda under President Biden and Congress on topics as privacy, antitrust, digital dequity, and content moderation/platform accountability.
In popular culture
Spellings appeared on Celebrity Jeopardy! (episode airing November 21, 2006). She was the first sitting Cabinet member to appear as a contestant on the show. She came in second with a score of $11,100, losing to actor Michael McKean's $38,800. She was the only active member of the Bush Administration to appear on Comedy Central's The Daily Show, as of her appearance on May 22, 2007. She also appeared on The Colbert Report on July 22, 2008. She appeared over the phone on NPR's News Quiz Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! on March 8, 2008.
- Houston Chronicle (2019)Texas 2036 founder says planning for Texas’ future can’t wait. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Houston Independent School District Archived February 3, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- "Bush Taps Spellings For Education". CBS News. Associated Press. November 17, 2004. Retrieved July 26, 2008.
- "Rice confirmation vote delayed". CNN. January 20, 2005. Retrieved July 26, 2008.
- Feller, Ben (January 31, 2005). "Spellings touts role as first education chief with school-age children". Associated Press. Retrieved July 26, 2008.
- Lisa de Moraes. "PBS' 'Buster' Gets An Education" (TV column), Washington Post, January 27, 2005.
- "Controversial PBS Cartoon Is Focus of Denver World Premiere, Dusty – Playbill.com". Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- "Online NewsHour: Margaret Spellings Discusses New Guidelines for the No Child Left Behind Law - April 7, 2005". Pbs.org. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
-  Archived May 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Lipka, Sara (January 10, 2008). "Secretary Spellings Stands Up to Senator Clinton". Chronicle.com. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Naming of Margaret Spellings as UNC system president called ‘a disturbing new low’, By Valerie Strauss, Washington Post, November 14, 2015
- "In Focus: The Spellings Commission". Inside Higher Ed.
- Doug Lederman (September 8, 2006). "The Secretary Offers a Preview". Insidehighered.com. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Fox News (2009). Ex-Bush Team Acclimates to Private Life. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- The Boston Consulting Group (2009). Former Education Secretary Margaret Spellings Named Senior Advisor to The Boston Consulting Group. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- "U.S. Chamber Names Margaret Spellings as Senior Advisor | U.S. Chamber of Commerce". Uschamber.com. April 3, 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
- McKinnon, John D. (September 23, 2021). "WSJ News Exclusive | Voters Want to Curb the Influence of Big Tech Companies, New Poll Shows". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- "Margaret Spellings chosen as next UNC system president". Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- "UNC system head Tom Ross pushed out of job, leaves in 2016". Chapelboro. January 16, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- "Spellings Elected Unanimously Following Divisive Search Process". Chapelboro. October 23, 2015. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
- Stancill, Jane (October 22, 2015). "Next UNC president faces faculty skepticism". News & Observer.
- Hodge, Blake (December 11, 2015). "UNC Board of Governors Elects New Chair and Interim President Amid Protest". Chapelboro. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
- Dunne, Sierra (March 1, 2016). "As UNC-system President Margaret Spellings walks in, students walk out". Daily Tar Heel.
- Hodge, Blake (March 1, 2016). "Protest Held on Margaret Spellings' First Day as UNC System President". Chapelboro.
- WRAL (October 16, 2015). "Contentious UNC board meets for hours without update on president search :: WRAL.com". Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- WRAL (October 26, 2015). "Chairman quits UNC Board of Governors :: WRAL.com". Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- "Tom Ross asked to leave UNC system presidency". Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Saacks, Bradley; Fowler, Haley (October 26, 2015). "UNC-system's president-elect criticized for word choice: Spellings called LGBT a lifestyle Friday". The Daily Tar Heel. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "Spellings: Heeding HB2 not acceptance," News & Record, Greensboro, NC, April 9, 2016, p. A-4
- ""US Justice Department: HB2 violates Civil Rights Act". Retrieved May 4, 2016.
- "Spellings takes right course on HB2". May 31, 2016. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- WRAL.com: UNC President Margaret Spellings resigns: 'All leaders are for a time'
- Emily Birnbaum (April 13, 2021). "The commission to shape Biden's tech agenda". Politico. Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "J! Archive, Show #5107". J-archive.com. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "The Daily Show, May 22, 2007". TheDailyShow.com. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "The Colbert Report Episode Guide". TV.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- The topic she was grilled on was the Roleplaying Game Dungeons & Dragons owing to the death of D&D co-creator Gary Gygax that week. Wait Wait...Don't Tell Me! : NPR
- University of North Carolina Biography
- U.S Department of Education Biography
- Doug Lederman, "The Secretary Offers a Preview," Inside Higher Ed September 8, 2006
- Secretary Spellings' Remarks on the Fifth Anniversary of the No Child Left Behind Act
- Gerald Bracey's Huffington Post article, Margaret Spellings: An Argument for Abolishing the Federal Department of Education
- Opposing view: One approach can't fit all[dead link] By John Strassburger, USA today
- Appearances on C-SPAN