Margaret Truman portrait by Greta Kempton, circa 1947
|Born||Mary Margaret Truman|
17 February 1924
Independence, Missouri, U.S.
|Died||29 January 2008 (aged 83)|
Chicago, Illinois U.S.
|Resting place||Truman Library, Independence, Missouri|
|Alma mater||George Washington University (B.A.)|
(m. 1956; died 2000)
|Children||4, including Clifton|
|Home town||Independence, Missouri,|
Mary Margaret Truman Daniel (February 17, 1924 – January 29, 2008) was an American classical soprano, actress, journalist, radio and television personality, writer, and New York socialite. She was the only child of President Harry S. Truman and First Lady Bess Truman. While her father was president, during the years 1945 to 1953, Margaret regularly accompanied him on campaign trips, most notably the 1948 extensive countrywide train-borne 'Whistle-stop' campaign trip, which lasted several weeks; she also appeared often at important White House and political events during those years. She was a favorite with the media.
After graduating from George Washington University in 1946, she embarked on a career as a coloratura soprano, beginning with a concert appearance with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra in 1947. She appeared in concerts with orchestras throughout the United States and in recitals throughout the U.S. through 1956. She made recordings for RCA Victor, and made television appearances on programs like What's My Line? and The Bell Telephone Hour.
In 1957 Truman abandoned her singing career to pursue a career as a journalist and radio personality, when she became the co-host of the program Weekday with Mike Wallace. She also wrote articles as an independent journalist, for a variety of publications in the 1960s and 1970s. She later became the successful author of a series of murder mysteries, and a number of works on U.S. First Ladies and First Families, including well-received biographies of her father, President Harry S. Truman and mother Bess Truman.
She was married to journalist Clifton Daniel, managing editor of The New York Times. The couple had four children, and were prominent New York socialites who often hosted events for the New York elite.
Mary Margaret was born in Independence, Missouri, on February 17, 1924, and was christened Mary Margaret Truman (for her aunt Mary Jane Truman and maternal grandmother Margaret Gates Wallace), but was called Margaret from early childhood. She attended school in Independence until her father's 1934 election to the United States Senate, after which her education was split between schools in Washington, D.C. and Independence.
In 1942, she matriculated at George Washington University, where she was a member of Pi Beta Phi, and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in History in 1946. In June 1944, she christened the battleship USS Missouri at Brooklyn Navy Yard, and spoke again in 1986 at the ship's recommissioning.
After classical vocal training, Truman's singing career began with a debut radio recital in March 1947, followed shortly thereafter with her professional concert debut with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. She sang professionally for the next decade, appearing with major American orchestras and giving several national concert tours. Some of her credits include concert appearances with the Los Angeles Philharmonic at the Hollywood Bowl, the National Symphony Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra, the Pittsburgh Symphony, the Philadelphia Orchestra, and the Saint Louis Symphony among others. While she never performed in staged operas, she did perform opera arias in concert. Her performances were mainly of both sacred and secular art songs, lieder, and works from the concert soprano repertoire. In 1951 and '52, RCA Victor issued two albums by Truman, one of classical selections, the other of American art songs. She also made recordings of German lieder for NBC. A 1951 Time Magazine cover featured Truman with a single musical note floating by her head. She performed on stage, radio, and television through 1956.
At the beginning of her career, critical reviews of Truman’s singing were positive, polite or diplomatic in tone, with some later reviewers speculating that negative opinions were held back out of deference for her father as a current sitting United States President. This practice was broken in 1950 when Washington Post music critic Paul Hume wrote that Truman was "extremely attractive on the stage... [but] cannot sing very well. She is flat a good deal of the time. And still cannot sing with anything approaching professional finish." The review angered President Truman (who was dealing that same day with the sudden death of his childhood friend and White House Press Secretary Charlie Ross), who wrote to Hume, "Some day I hope to meet you. When that happens you'll need a new nose, a lot of beefsteak for black eyes, and perhaps a supporter below!" His response was published by The Washington Post and drew international headlines, becoming a minor scandal for the Truman administration. Reviewers after that felt more free to be honest in their reviews of her performances, with mixed criticism for her singing thereafter.
Acting, radio, and journalism
Truman's professional acting debut occurred April 26, 1951. She co-starred with James Stewart in the "Jackpot" episode of Screen Directors Playhouse on NBC radio. On March 17, 1952, Truman was guest soloist on The Railroad Hour in a presentation of Sari.
Truman also performed on the NBC Radio program The Big Show. There she met writer Goodman Ace, who gave her advice and pointers; Ace became a lifelong friend, advising Truman even after The Big Show. She became part of the team of NBC Radio's Weekday show that premiered in 1955, shortly after its Monitor program made its debut. Paired with Mike Wallace, she presented news and interviews aimed at a female listening audience.
Truman's full-length biography of her father, published shortly before his 1972 death, was critically acclaimed. She also wrote a personal biography of her mother and histories of the White House and its inhabitants (including first ladies and pets).
A series of murder mysteries, the Capital Crimes series, most set in and around Washington, D.C., were published under her name; they were ghostwritten, first by William Harrington (according to Harrington).
After Harrington's apparent suicide, a self-written obituary was found in which he referred to Margaret Truman and others as his "clients". Harrington's literary agent (who was also Truman's agent) denied any collaboration with Truman, while somewhat obliquely acknowledging Harrington had "worked on" books credited to another author. Harrington has been "squarely" credited by at least one verifiable source with ghostwriting all the books published by the child of another United States president, Elliott Roosevelt and then, allegedly, those published by Donald Bain.
Truman published regularly into her eighties. She served on the board of directors for the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum, the Board of Governors of the Roosevelt Institute, and as a Trustee for her alma mater.
- Clifton Truman Daniel (born June 5, 1957), Director of Public Relations for Harry S Truman College.
- William Wallace Daniel (May 19, 1959 – September 4, 2000), a psychiatric social worker and researcher at Columbia University.
- Harrison Gates Daniel (born 1963)
- Thomas Washington Daniel (born 1966)
Later years and death
In later life, Truman lived in her Park Avenue home. She died on January 29, 2008, in Chicago (to which she was relocating to be nearer her son Clifton). She was said to have been suffering from "a simple infection" and had been breathing with the assistance of a respirator. Her ashes and those of her husband were interred in Independence in her parents' burial plot on the grounds of the Truman Library.
|Souvenir, Margaret Truman's Own Story||1956||OCLC 629282|
|White House Pets||1969||OCLC 70279|
|Harry S. Truman||1973||ISBN 0-688-00005-3|
|Women of Courage||1976||ISBN 0-688-03038-6|
|Letters From Father: The Truman Family's Personal Correspondence||1981||ISBN 0-87795-313-9|
|Bess W. Truman||1986||ISBN 0-02-529470-9|
|Where The Buck Stops: The Personal and Private Writings of Harry S. Truman||1989||ISBN 0-446-51494-2|
|First Ladies||1995||ISBN 0-679-43439-9|
|The President's House: 1800 to the Present||2004||ISBN 0-345-47248-9|
- Truman, by David McCullough, 1992
- "Margaret Truman, 83, Singer and Author". The New York Sun. January 30, 2008.
- "Margaret Truman Daniel bio". Truman Presidential Library. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- "Notable Pi Phis". pibetaphi.org. Archived from the original on July 13, 2010.
- Time, February 26, 1951.
- Truman, by David McCullough, 1992, Simon and Schuster
- "Truman's Letter to Paul Hume". Truman Library, Independence Mo. December 6, 1950. Retrieved June 2, 2011. Years later Margaret Truman recalled, "I thought it was funny. Sold tickets." (Staff writer, Truman's only child dies at 83, NBC News, January 29, 2008, retrieved January 29, 2008.)
- "Margaret Truman To Star Tonight On Radio Drama". New Mexico, Las Cruces. Las Cruces Sun-News. April 26, 1951. p. 1. Retrieved November 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (March 16, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 44. Retrieved May 23, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Thomas, Bob (November 2, 1951). "Tallulah Bankhead Praises Margaret Truman's Talents". Reading Eagle. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- House, Allan (November 11, 1955). "Margaret Truman Gets a Kick Out of Radio-TV". The Fayetteville Observer. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "'Monitor' to debut on KDKA Sunday". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 10, 1955. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "Radio:Woman's Home Companion". Time. November 28, 1955. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
- "The Giselle MacKenzie Show". TV.com. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
- "William G. Harrington, 68; Wrote Mysteries and Thrillers". New York Times. November 16, 2000. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Breen, Jon. The Ghost of Miss Truman, Weekly Standard, November 18, 2002; retrieved January 29, 2008.
- Bain, Donald (March 14, 2014). "A Novel of My Own". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Gelder, Lawrence Van (January 29, 2008). "Margaret Truman Daniel Dies at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
- "Truman celebrates heritage, history with grandson of US president". Kirksville Daily Express. September 15, 2011. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- Daniel, Clifton Truman (2009). "Adventures with Grandpa Truman". Retrieved April 20, 2013.
- "Hit by Cab, a Grandson of Harry Truman dies". The New York Times. September 6, 2000. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- Goldstein, Steve (January 31, 2008). "First Daughter". Obit-mag. Archived from the original on January 1, 2010. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- Meyer, Gene, "The ashes of Margaret Truman Daniel are put to rest in her roots", Kansas City Star, February 23, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Margaret Truman.|
- Margaret Truman at Find a Grave
- Works by or about Margaret Truman in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|Awards and achievements|
Charles E. Wilson
| Cover of Time Magazine
February 26, 1951
Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway